Bracha for a miracle

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  1. If you see a place where a miracle happened to the majority of Bnei Yisrael one should make the Bracha of SheAssa Nissim LeAvotenu BaMakom HaZeh with Shem UMalchut. However, nowadays since it is unclear where these locations are exactly, one should only say the Bracha without Shem UMalchut when seeing the Jordan river, the walls of Yericho, and Mountain of Carmel. [1]
  2. An individual must make this Bracha when seeing a place that a miracle happened to him even if the appearance of that place has changed. [2] The text of the beracha is SheAssa Li Nes BaMakom HaZeh. [3]
  3. Children and grandchildren of an individual who was saved by a miracle should make a Bracha when seeing the place where their ancestor was saved. If a child is born to the individual who was saved after the miracle, the descendants of that child for forever can make the Bracha upon seeing the place where their ancestor was saved. Similarly, students can make the Bracha upon seeing the place where their Rabbi was saved. [4]
  4. An individual should only make a Bracha for a supernatural miracle. However, if there was a natural salvation one should make the Bracha without Shem UMalchut. [5] One example of a natural salvation is in case of an attack of bandits or wild animals and after one screams the attackers runs away. [6] Another example in which one would not recite the bracha is if a rock fell next to someone and just missed their head. [7]
  5. The salvation which requires a Bracha is only for situations where there was a life threatening danger which under normal circumstances death would be incurred. Examples include: a rock falling on a person’s head, a wall falling on a person, a loaded wagon running over a person, falling from a very tall ladder. [8]

Sources

  1. S”A 218:1, Piskei Teshuvot 218:3, Kum Hithalech Ba'aretz 25
  2. S”A 218:4, Mishna Brurah 218:7, Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 60:8
  3. Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 60:8
  4. Mishna Brurah 218:16
  5. S”A 218:9
  6. Mishna Brurah 218:28 and Shaar HaTziyun
  7. Ben Ish Chai (Ekev n. 12)
  8. S”A 218:9, Mishna Brurah 218:28, Shoneh Halachot 218:8