Fruits and Vegetables

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Definitions

  1. Fruit of the tree which halachically is defined as having a trunk that stays alive and produces fruit year after year has the Bracha of HaEtz. [1]
  2. Vines and bushes are considered trees and the fruit are HaEtz if the bush grows taller than 3 Tefachim (9 inches). Examples of this include blueberries, grapes, and kiwis. [2]

HaAdama after the fact

  1. If one said HaAdama on bread or a Mezonit food then one fulfills his obligation to make a beracha bediavad, after the fact. [3]

Bananas, Eggplants, Papayas, Melons

  1. Bananas are haadama.[4]
  2. If someone has in front of them a banana and apple one should recite a haetz on the apple first and haadama on the banana.[5] Some say that one should have explicit intent not to exempt the banana with the haetz.[6]
  3. Eggplants are haadama.[7]
  4. Papayas are haadama as they are similar to bananas.[8]
  5. Melons are haadama.[9]

Berries

  1. Blackberries are haetz.[10]
  2. Blueberries are haetz.[11]
  3. Strawberries are haadama.[12]
  4. Cranberries are haadama.[13]
  5. Raspberries are haadama.[14] Some, however, consider raspberries to be HaEtz.[15]
  6. Bushes which grow within 3 Tefachim (9 inches) of the ground have the Bracha of HaAdama. Examples of this include cranberries and wild blueberries. [16] Accordingly, craisins would be Haadama. [17]

Eating Raw Fruits or Vegetables

  1. If one eats a fruit or vegetable in a way that is not the usual way it is eaten in that local one should make a Shehakol. [18]
  2. Examples include eating quince, onions (outside of salad), or peanuts raw requires Shehakol and eating melon, cucumbers, lettuce, radishes, or walnuts cooked requires Shehakol. [19]
  3. If a fruit or vegetable is usually eaten raw and cooked then the regular Bracha applies. [20]
  4. Examples include almond, apples, tomatoes, and carrots which are eaten raw and cooked. [21]

Vegetables

Food Bracha
Acorn squash HaAdama האדמה [22]
Artichoke HaAdama האדמה [23]
Asparagus HaAdama האדמה [24]
Banana HaAdama האדמה [25]
Beans HaAdama האדמה [26]
Beet HaAdama האדמה [27]
Broccoli HaAdama האדמה [28]
Brussels sprout HaAdama האדמה [29]
Buckwheat (kasha) HaAdama האדמה [30]
Cabbage HaAdama האדמה [31]
Cantaloupe HaAdama האדמה [32]
Carrot HaAdama האדמה [33]
Cauliflower HaAdama האדמה [34]
Celery HaAdama האדמה [35]
Chickpea HaAdama האדמה [36]
Chicory HaAdama האדמה [37]
Chinese cabbage HaAdama האדמה [38]
Corn HaAdama האדמה [39]
Cucumber HaAdama האדמה [40]
Eggplant HaAdama האדמה [41]
Endive HaAdama האדמה [42]
Escarole HaAdama האדמה [43]
Green bean HaAdama האדמה [44]
Green pea HaAdama האדמה [45]
Green pepper HaAdama האדמה [46]
Honeydew HaAdama האדמה [47]
Kale HaAdama האדמה [48]
Knob celery HaAdama האדמה [49]
Kohlrabi HaAdama האדמה [50]
Leek HaAdama האדמה [51]
Lentil HaAdama האדמה [52]
Lettuce HaAdama האדמה [53]
Lima bean HaAdama האדמה [54]
Maize HaAdama האדמה [55]
Melon (all) HaAdama האדמה [56]
Millet HaAdama האדמה [57]
Muskmelon HaAdama האדמה [58]
Okra HaAdama האדמה [59]
Papaya HaAdama האדמה [60]
Parsnip HaAdama האדמה [61]
Pea HaAdama האדמה [62]
Peanut HaAdama האדמה [63]
Pineapple HaAdama האדמה [64]
Pumpkin HaAdama האדמה [65]
Radish HaAdama האדמה [66]
Rhubarb HaAdama האדמה [67]
Romaine lettuce HaAdama האדמה [68]
Rutabagas HaAdama האדמה [69]
Salsify HaAdama האדמה [70]
Scallion HaAdama האדמה [71]
Sesame seeds HaAdama האדמה [72]
Snow pea HaAdama האדמה [73]
Spaghetti squash HaAdama האדמה [74]
Spinach HaAdama האדמה [75]
Strawberry HaAdama האדמה [76]
Sunflower seeds HaAdama האדמה [77]
Sweet pea HaAdama האדמה [78]
Sweet potato HaAdama האדמה [79]
Swiss chard HaAdama האדמה [80]
Taro HaAdama האדמה [81]
Tomato HaAdama האדמה [82]
Turnip HaAdama האדמה [83]
Watercress HaAdama האדמה [84]
Watermelon HaAdama האדמה [85]
Yam HaAdama האדמה [86]
Zucchini HaAdama האדמה [87]

Fruits

Food Bracha
Almond HaEtz העץ [88]
Apple HaEtz העץ [89]
Apricot HaEtz העץ [90]
Avocado HaEtz העץ [91]
Blackberry HaEtz העץ [92]
Blueberry HaEtz העץ [93]
Brazil nut HaEtz העץ [94]
Carob HaEtz העץ [95]
Cashew HaEtz העץ [96]
Cherry HaEtz העץ [97]
Chestnut HaEtz העץ [98]
Coconut HaEtz העץ [99]
Currant HaEtz העץ [100]
Date HaEtz העץ [101]
Fig HaEtz העץ [102]
Filbert HaEtz העץ [103]
Gooseberry HaEtz העץ [104]
Grape HaEtz העץ [105]
Grapefruit HaEtz העץ [106]
Guava HaEtz העץ [107]
Hazelnut HaEtz העץ [108]
Kiwi HaEtz העץ [109]
Kumquat HaEtz העץ [110]
Loquat HaEtz העץ [111]
Lychee nut HaEtz העץ [112]
Macadamia nut HaEtz העץ [113]
Mandarin HaEtz העץ [114]
Medlar HaEtz העץ [115]
Mulberry HaEtz העץ [116]
Nectarine HaEtz העץ [117]
Olive HaEtz העץ [118]
Orange HaEtz העץ [119]
Orange Peel (Candied) Shehakol שהכל [120]
Passion fruit HaEtz העץ [121]
Peach HaEtz העץ [122]
Pear HaEtz העץ [123]
Pecan nut HaEtz העץ [124]
Persimmon HaEtz העץ [125]
Pistachio HaEtz העץ [126]
Plum HaEtz העץ [127]
Pomegranate HaEtz העץ [128]
Prickly pear prune HaEtz העץ [129]
Quince HaEtz העץ [130]
Raisin HaEtz העץ [131]
Sabra HaEtz העץ [132]
Star fruit HaEtz העץ [133]
Tangerine HaEtz העץ [134]
Ugli fruit HaEtz העץ [135]
Walnut HaEtz העץ [136]

Sources

  1. Veten Bracha (Halachos of Brochos by Rabbi Bodner pg 392, chapter 22)
  2. Veten Bracha (Halachos of Brochos by Rabbi Bodner pg 394, chapter 22)
  3. Kesef Mishneh, Hilchot Berachot, 4:6
  4. The Gemara Brachot 40a establishes that a tree is a plant that lasts from year to year. Rosh Brachot 6:23 cites a dispute between the Tosfot and Geonim whether a tree whose branches die from year to year and regenerate from the roots is considered a tree. Tosfot hold that it is a tree since the roots regenerate the rest of the tree. That was the opinion of the Maharam. The Tur 203:2 writes that the Rosh held like the Tosfot. However, the Geonim held it isn’t a tree since the branches themselves don’t last from year to year. Shulchan Aruch 203:3 writes that bananas are haadama because of the opinion of the geonim. Vezot Habracha p. 389 and Veten Bracha (Halachos of Brochos by Rabbi Bodner pg 393, chapter 22) agree. Vezot Habracha (Birur Halacha ch. 31-2) quotes Rav Elyashiv as saying that one can recite haetz on an apple before a haadama on a banana and there's no concern since a banana is certainly haadama. Or Letzion 2:46:39 writes that haetz doesn't work for bananas at all even after the fact since is like the geonim to treat it as haadama completely.
  5. Vezot Habracha (Birur Halacha 31:2 p. 302) writes that since the minhag is to treat bananas as haadama they're not a doubt and one can have the apple first. Or Letzion 2:46:39 seems to agree.
  6. Yabia Omer 8:26:2, Vezot Habracha (Birur Halacha 31:2 p. 302) who is concerned for this opinion. Yalkut Yosef OC 203:3 wrote that some say that one should recite the haadama on the banana and have intent not to exempt the apple, then recite haetz on the apple.
  7. Birkei Yosef 203:1 and Kaf Hachaim 203:2 hold eggplant is haadama since the tree doesn't last more than three years. Vezot Habracha p. 392 agrees.
  8. Veten Bracha (Halachos of Brochos by Rabbi Bodner pg 395, chapter 22)
  9. Vezot Habracha p. 393. Halachos of Brachos (Teshuvot 203:2) quotes Rav Shlomo Zalman that melons are haadama because of a doubt.
  10. Magen Avraham 203:1 writes that blackberries are haetz. Mishna Brurah 203:3 writes that the minhag is to recite haadama on berries that grow on stalks less than 3 tefachim. Igrot Moshe 1:85 writes that blackberries in America grow on stalks larger than 3 tefachim and therefore are haetz. Anytime there's a doubt about the size of the stalk one should recite haetz. Vezot Habracha p. 389 agrees.
  11. Mishna Brurah 203:3 writes that the minhag is to recite haadama on berries that grow on stalks less than 3 tefachim. Vezot Habracha p. 389 writes that regular blueberries are haetz since they grow on stalks that are taller than 3 tefachim. He mentions that some wild blueberries grow on plants smaller than 3 tefachim.
  12. Igrot Moshe 1:86 writes that the Mishna Brurah 203:3 means that strawberries (pazimkas) are haadama since the branches die from year to year but part of the roots above the ground remain year to year. Vezot Habracha p. 402 no. 82 writes that pazimkas aren’t strawberries but strawberries are still hadama.
  13. Halachos of Brachos (Teshuvot 203:1) quotes Rav Shlomo Zalman as saying that cranberries are haadama since the stalk is less than 3 tefachim. That is his conclusion on p. 394. Vezot Habracha p. 391 agrees. Rav Elyashiv (cited by Darshu 203:8 from Yisa Yosef 3:50) held it was haetz since they're edible.
  14. Taz 204:8 (יאגדי"ש מלונ"ש means raspberries), Veten Bracha (Halachos of Brochos by Rabbi Bodner pg 395, chapter 22), Vezot HaBrachot (p. 401, n. 59). The Bet Yosef 203:2 cites a dispute between the Geonim who say that berries that grow on bushes which die and the branches regenerate each year are haadama and the Maharam who would make Haetz since the branches were woody and lasted for that year. Shulchan Aruch 203:2 rules that the bracha is Haadama. Vezot Habracha p. 395 writes that raspberries are haadama. He explains that the branches last three years but only produce fruit in the second year.
  15. Mishna Brurah 203:1 (מאלינע"ס means raspberries), Aruch Hashulchan 203:5, OU Brachot Guide, Peninei Halacha
  16. Veten Bracha (Halachos of Brochos by Rabbi Bodner pg 393, chapter 22)
  17. Additionally, Craisins are just dried cranberries. The Laws of Brachos (Rabbi Forst, pg 359-384) and Halachos of Brachos Handbook (p. 39) write that dried fruit is the same as regular fruit for hilchot brachos. Since cranberries are Haadama (Halachos of Brochos by Rabbi Bodner pg 393, chapter 22), craisins should be Haadama. A Community Awareness Bulletin Tishrei 5763 also writes that craisins are the same as cranberries, which according to the Halachos of Brachos is Haadama.
  18. S”A 205:1
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  120. Mishnah Berurah 202:39. The Taz (OC 204:15) writes that one should recite Ha’odama, since the Gemara writes that on the peel of the fruit of the caper bush one recites Ha’odama. The Taz maintains that the same holds true for other peels as well. The Magen Avrohom (202:17) writes that one should recite Ha’eitz. Unlike the peel of the caper which separates from the fruit while it grows, the orange peel is part of the fruit. The Pri Megadim (202:17) writes that the bracha is Shehakol. He explains that the ikar (main ingredient) in candied orange peels is the sugar or honey, which is Shehakol. The Mishna Brura concludes that since we are not sure which beracha to recite, one should recite Shehakol
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