Fruits and Vegetables

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Definitions

  1. Fruit of the tree which halachically is defined as having a trunk that stays alive and produces fruit year after year has the Bracha of HaEtz. [1]
  2. Vines and bushes are considered trees and the fruit are HaEtz if the bush grows taller than 3 Tefachim (9 inches). Examples of this include blueberries, grapes, and kiwis. [2]

HaAdama after the fact

  1. If one said HaAdama on bread or a Mezonit food then one fulfills his obligation to make a beracha bediavad, after the fact. [3]

Fruit that are HaAdama

  1. A banana plant’s trunk dies yearly and so bananas are HaAdama. [4]
  2. Raspberries and papaya are similar to bananas and have the Bracha of HaAdama. [5] Some, however, consider raspberries to be HaEtz.[6]
  3. Bushes which grow within 3 Tefachim (9 inches) of the ground have the Bracha of HaAdama. Examples of this include cranberries and wild blueberries. [7]Accordingly, craisins would be Haadama. [8]

Fruits or vegetables receiving Shehakol

  1. If one eats a fruit or vegetable in a way that is not the usual way it is eaten in that local one should make a Shehakol. [9]
  2. Examples include eating quince, onions (outside of salad), or peanuts raw requires Shehakol and eating melon, cucumbers, lettuce, radishes, or walnuts cooked requires Shehakol. [10]
  3. If a fruit or vegetable is usually eaten raw and cooked then the regular Bracha applies. [11]
  4. Examples include almond, apples, tomatoes, and carrots which are eaten raw and cooked. [12]

Vegetables

Food Bracha
Acorn squash HaAdama האדמה [13]
Artichoke HaAdama האדמה [14]
Asparagus HaAdama האדמה [15]
Banana HaAdama האדמה [16]
Beans HaAdama האדמה [17]
Beet HaAdama האדמה [18]
Broccoli HaAdama האדמה [19]
Brussels sprout HaAdama האדמה [20]
Buckwheat (kasha) HaAdama האדמה [21]
Cabbage HaAdama האדמה [22]
Cantaloupe HaAdama האדמה [23]
Carrot HaAdama האדמה [24]
Cauliflower HaAdama האדמה [25]
Celery HaAdama האדמה [26]
Chickpea HaAdama האדמה [27]
Chicory HaAdama האדמה [28]
Chinese cabbage HaAdama האדמה [29]
Corn HaAdama האדמה [30]
Cucumber HaAdama האדמה [31]
Eggplant HaAdama האדמה [32]
Endive HaAdama האדמה [33]
Escarole HaAdama האדמה [34]
Green bean HaAdama האדמה [35]
Green pea HaAdama האדמה [36]
Green pepper HaAdama האדמה [37]
Honeydew HaAdama האדמה [38]
Kale HaAdama האדמה [39]
Knob celery HaAdama האדמה [40]
Kohlrabi HaAdama האדמה [41]
Leek HaAdama האדמה [42]
Lentil HaAdama האדמה [43]
Lettuce HaAdama האדמה [44]
Lima bean HaAdama האדמה [45]
Maize HaAdama האדמה [46]
Melon (all) HaAdama האדמה [47]
Millet HaAdama האדמה [48]
Muskmelon HaAdama האדמה [49]
Okra HaAdama האדמה [50]
Papaya HaAdama האדמה [51]
Parsnip HaAdama האדמה [52]
Pea HaAdama האדמה [53]
Peanut HaAdama האדמה [54]
Pineapple HaAdama האדמה [55]
Pumpkin HaAdama האדמה [56]
Radish HaAdama האדמה [57]
Rhubarb HaAdama האדמה [58]
Romaine lettuce HaAdama האדמה [59]
Rutabagas HaAdama האדמה [60]
Salsify HaAdama האדמה [61]
Scallion HaAdama האדמה [62]
Sesame seeds HaAdama האדמה [63]
Snow pea HaAdama האדמה [64]
Spaghetti squash HaAdama האדמה [65]
Spinach HaAdama האדמה [66]
Strawberry HaAdama האדמה [67]
Sunflower seeds HaAdama האדמה [68]
Sweet pea HaAdama האדמה [69]
Sweet potato HaAdama האדמה [70]
Swiss chard HaAdama האדמה [71]
Taro HaAdama האדמה [72]
Tomato HaAdama האדמה [73]
Turnip HaAdama האדמה [74]
Watercress HaAdama האדמה [75]
Watermelon HaAdama האדמה [76]
Yam HaAdama האדמה [77]
Zucchini HaAdama האדמה [78]

Fruits

Food Bracha
Almond HaEtz העץ [79]
Apple HaEtz העץ [80]
Apricot HaEtz העץ [81]
Avocado HaEtz העץ [82]
Blackberry HaEtz העץ [83]
Blueberry HaEtz העץ [84]
Brazil nut HaEtz העץ [85]
Carob HaEtz העץ [86]
Cashew HaEtz העץ [87]
Cherry HaEtz העץ [88]
Chestnut HaEtz העץ [89]
Coconut HaEtz העץ [90]
Currant HaEtz העץ [91]
Date HaEtz העץ [92]
Fig HaEtz העץ [93]
Filbert HaEtz העץ [94]
Gooseberry HaEtz העץ [95]
Grape HaEtz העץ [96]
Grapefruit HaEtz העץ [97]
Guava HaEtz העץ [98]
Hazelnut HaEtz העץ [99]
Kiwi HaEtz העץ [100]
Kumquat HaEtz העץ [101]
Loquat HaEtz העץ [102]
Lychee nut HaEtz העץ [103]
Macadamia nut HaEtz העץ [104]
Mandarin HaEtz העץ [105]
Medlar HaEtz העץ [106]
Mulberry HaEtz העץ [107]
Nectarine HaEtz העץ [108]
Olive HaEtz העץ [109]
Orange HaEtz העץ [110]
Passion fruit HaEtz העץ [111]
Peach HaEtz העץ [112]
Pear HaEtz העץ [113]
Pecan nut HaEtz העץ [114]
Persimmon HaEtz העץ [115]
Pistachio HaEtz העץ [116]
Plum HaEtz העץ [117]
Pomegranate HaEtz העץ [118]
Prickly pear prune HaEtz העץ [119]
Quince HaEtz העץ [120]
Raisin HaEtz העץ [121]
Sabra HaEtz העץ [122]
Star fruit HaEtz העץ [123]
Tangerine HaEtz העץ [124]
Ugli fruit HaEtz העץ [125]
Walnut HaEtz העץ [126]

Sources

  1. Veten Bracha (Halachos of Brochos by Rabbi Bodner pg 392, chapter 22)
  2. Veten Bracha (Halachos of Brochos by Rabbi Bodner pg 394, chapter 22)
  3. Kesef Mishneh, Hilchot Berachot, 4:6
  4. Veten Bracha (Halachos of Brochos by Rabbi Bodner pg 393, chapter 22)
  5. Taz 204:8 (יאגדי"ש מלונ"ש means raspberries), Veten Bracha (Halachos of Brochos by Rabbi Bodner pg 395, chapter 22), Vezot HaBrachot (p. 401, n. 59). The Bet Yosef 203:2 cites a dispute between the Geonim who say that berries that grow on bushes which die and the branches regenerate each year are haadama and the Maharam who would make Haetz since the branches were woody and lasted for that year. Shulchan Aruch 203:2 rules that the bracha is Haadama. Vezot HaBracha writes that today's raspberry bushes have branches which only produce fruit in its second year, not the first or third.
  6. Mishna Brurah 203:1 (מאלינע"ס means raspberries), Aruch Hashulchan 203:5, OU Brachot Guide Peninei Halacha
  7. Veten Bracha (Halachos of Brochos by Rabbi Bodner pg 393, chapter 22)
  8. Additionally, Craisins are just dried cranberries. The Laws of Brachos (Rabbi Forst, pg 359-384) and Halachos of Brachos Handbook (p. 39) write that dried fruit is the same as regular fruit for hilchot brachos. Since cranberries are Haadama (Halachos of Brochos by Rabbi Bodner pg 393, chapter 22), craisins should be Haadama. A Community Awareness Bulletin Tishrei 5763 also writes that craisins are the same as cranberries, which according to the Halachos of Brachos is Haadama.
  9. S”A 205:1
  10. Veten Bracha (Halachos of Brochos by Rabbi Bodner pg 398-9, chapter 22)
  11. S”A 202:12
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