Al Hanissim on Chanukah

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Al Hanissim

  1. The passage of al hanissim and the addition special for chanuka are added to the birkat hamazon in the middle of birkat haaretz (between nodeh licha and vi'al hakol)and during the shemoneh esrei following the passage of modim for all eight days of chanuka. [1]
  2. Nothing is added into the beracha of meayn shalosh (al hamichya, al hagefen, or all haetz) for chanuka. [2]
  3. One should not skip al hanissim in order that he be able to finish shemoneh esrei in time so that he can answer kaddish or kedusha. [3]

If you Forget

  1. If one forgot in either birkat hamazon or the shemoneh esrei and has reached the name of Hashem in the beracha then he shouldn't go back, but as long as he still has not begun the beracha that follows it, he should still go back. [4]
  2. If he forgot in Birkat Hamazon then in the section of Harachamans he should add

הרחמן יעשה לנו נסיס ונפלאות כשס שענית לאבותינו בימיס ההס בזמן הזה and then recite the biymei matityahu particular for chanuka. [5] and if it is Rosh Chodesh Tevet, then the harachaman for rosh chodesh should be recited first. [6]

  1. If he forgot in the shemoneh esrei he can still recite it before the second yihyu liratzon at the end of the shemoneh esrei. [7]
  2. If one began repeating shemoneh esrei thinking that he has to repeat for forgetting al hanissim, and then realized that the halacha says otherwise, he should stop immediately and say "baruch shem kvod malchuto liolam vaed," except for arvit, because for arvit he can finish and have it in mind to be a nidavah. Cite error: Closing </ref> missing for <ref> tag

Text

  1. The correct language is vi'al hanissim, but if you do say just al hanissim it is ok also. [8]
  2. The proper text is "kisheamda malchut yavan harisha al amcha yisrael," and not kisheamda aleyhem. [9]

Sources

  1. Shulchan Aruch 682:1, Aruch Hashulchan 682:1
  2. Mishna Berura 682:2, Yalkut Yosef Moadim 240, Yabia Omer 3:36. Yalkut Yosef also adds that if you did say something by mistake, you would not go back.
  3. Yalkut Yosef Moadim 240, Yabia Omer 2:32, 9:66 and Yechave Daar 1:77. According to Rav Ovadia the same would apply on rosh chodesh with yaale viyavo, as well as aneinu on a fast day.
  4. Tur OC 682:1, Shulchan Aruch 682:1 based on the Tosefta in Berachot 3:12. Yalkut Yosef Moadim 238, and Yechave Daat 5:49 say that you should not say lamdeini chukecha once you say Hashem's name because that would be considered a hefsek, unlike the eshel avraham 695 who says that you should say lamdeini chukecha. Aruch Hashulchan 682:3. Mishna Berura 682:3 adds that this even applies if it is Shabbat and there is an obligation to eat, he should still not go back. The Bach 682:1 as well as the Ravya 563 page 284, however, disagrees and says in birkat hamazon one should go back.
  5. Rama 187:4 and 682:1 based on Kol Bo 25, Aruch Hashulchan 682:3, Yalkut Yosef Moadim 240
  6. Mishna Berura 682:5 because whatever is recited more often should be recited first. (tadir vishayno tadir, tadir kodem)
  7. Mishna Berura 682:4, Aruch Hashulchan 682:3. Yalkut Yosef Moadim 239 says that you should say there modim ananchnu lach al hanissim ... based on the eliya rabba 682:2 and Maamar Mordechai 682:3.
  8. Mishna Berura 682:1, Aruch Hashulchan 682:1, Yalkut Yosef on the Moadim page 238 all explain that this is because it is a continuation of the thanks we give G-d in modim.
  9. Aruch Hashulchan 682:2, Yalkut Yosef Moadim 241.