Difference between revisions of "Birchot HaShachar"

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# The earliest time to say Birchot HaShachar is from [[Chatzot]] (midnight). <ref> Magan Avraham 47:13, Kaf HaChaim 46:49, Or Letzion (vol 2, 4:9) </ref>
 
# The earliest time to say Birchot HaShachar is from [[Chatzot]] (midnight). <ref> Magan Avraham 47:13, Kaf HaChaim 46:49, Or Letzion (vol 2, 4:9) </ref>
 
# If one woke up before [[Olot HaShachar]] even if one will go to sleep afterwards, one should make [[Brachot HaShachar]] except for Elokei Nishama and HaMaavir Shenah which should be said without [[Shem UMalchut]]. In the morning, one should make Elokei Netsor and HaMaavir Shenah with [[Shem UMalchut]]. <Ref> Mishna Brurah 47:30 </ref> However, if one slept the day before some say one may make the Bracha oneself. <Ref> Piskei Teshuvot 494:7 </ref>
 
# If one woke up before [[Olot HaShachar]] even if one will go to sleep afterwards, one should make [[Brachot HaShachar]] except for Elokei Nishama and HaMaavir Shenah which should be said without [[Shem UMalchut]]. In the morning, one should make Elokei Netsor and HaMaavir Shenah with [[Shem UMalchut]]. <Ref> Mishna Brurah 47:30 </ref> However, if one slept the day before some say one may make the Bracha oneself. <Ref> Piskei Teshuvot 494:7 </ref>
# According to some poskim, the beracha "Sheasa Li Kol Tzorki" should not be recited on [[Yom Kippur]] and [[Tisha BeAv]]. <ref> Ben Ish Hai, Vayeshev, 9; Kaf Hachaim 46:17 </ref> Others disagree. <ref> Chazon Ovadyah (Yamim Noraim pg 320)  </ref>  
+
# According to some poskim, the beracha "Sheasa Li Kol Tzorki" should not be recited on [[Yom Kippur]] and [[Tisha BeAv]]. <ref> Ben Ish Hai, Vayeshev, 9; Kaf Hachaim 46:17 </ref> Others disagree. <ref> Chazon Ovadyah (Yamim Noraim pg 320), Mishna Berura 554:31, {http://www.dailyhalacha.com/displayRead.asp?readID=951 Rabbi Eli Mansour} </ref>  
 
==How to make the Brachot==
 
==How to make the Brachot==
 
# One may say [[Brachot HaShachar]] while standing or sitting. <ref>Yalkut Yosef (Birchat HaShachar pg 23) </ref>
 
# One may say [[Brachot HaShachar]] while standing or sitting. <ref>Yalkut Yosef (Birchat HaShachar pg 23) </ref>

Revision as of 05:15, 21 October 2013

When to say these Brachot

  1. Originally, Chazal instituted that every Bracha of Birkot HaShachar be said when a person gets the particular enjoyment that relates to that Bracha, however, nowadays, the minhag is to make all the Brachot together when one gets to Shul. [1]
  2. The earliest time to say Birchot HaShachar is from Chatzot (midnight). [2]
  3. If one woke up before Olot HaShachar even if one will go to sleep afterwards, one should make Brachot HaShachar except for Elokei Nishama and HaMaavir Shenah which should be said without Shem UMalchut. In the morning, one should make Elokei Netsor and HaMaavir Shenah with Shem UMalchut. [3] However, if one slept the day before some say one may make the Bracha oneself. [4]
  4. According to some poskim, the beracha "Sheasa Li Kol Tzorki" should not be recited on Yom Kippur and Tisha BeAv. [5] Others disagree. [6]

How to make the Brachot

  1. One may say Brachot HaShachar while standing or sitting. [7]
  2. Some say that one shouldn't say Birchot HaShachar while walking or doing any other task such as getting dressed. [8]

Order of Berachot

  1. Some poskim say that if you mistakenly say zokef kfufim before matir asurim that you should not go back and say matir asurim. [9]
  2. If one switched the order of the berachot of shelo asani goy, shelo asani aved, and shelo asani isha he can still recite all three. [10]

Who is obligated in these Brachot?

  1. Even though the Brachot were instituted for particular action or enjoyment, even if one doesn’t do that action or get that enjoyment the Brachot are still made, for example, one should make HaNoten LiSichvei Binah even if one didn’t hear the rooster crow, or a blind person can make the Bracha of Pokeach Ivrim. [11]
  2. Women make birkot hashachar except that instead of shelo asani isha they say sheasani kiritzono without reciting Hashem's name. Instead of shelo asani aved, they say shelo asani shifcha and instead of shelo asani goy they say shelo asani goya. [12]
  3. If a blind person wants he can recite pokeach ivrim but if he asks, we tell him not to recite it because safek berachot lihakel. [13]
  4. A convert cannot recite shelo asani goy but if he wants he can recite it without Hashem's name. [14]

If one didn’t sleep

  1. Even if didn’t sleep at all at night, Ashkenazim may make all the Brachot HaShachar oneself except for Elokei Nishama, HaMaavir Sheynah, and Brachot HaTorah which one should hear from someone who did sleep. [15]Sephardim may make all the Brachot HaShachar (including Brachot HaTorah) except for Netilat Yadayim (and Asher Yatzer which he could make himself if he goes to the bathroom). [16]

If one forgot to say Brachot HaShachar

  1. If one forgot to say Brachot HaShachar and remembered in middle of Pesukei DeZimrah one should say it between the paragraphs in Pesukei DeZimrah. [17]
  2. If one forgot to say Brachot HaShachar and only remembered in Brachot Kriyat Shema one shouldn’t interrupt to say the Brachot but rather have intent not to fulfill one’s obligation of Elokei Nishama with the Bracha of Mechaya Meytim. [18]
  3. If one forgot to say Brachot HaShachar before Davening one may say all the brachot afterwards except for Elokei Nishama which some say was fulfilled with the Bracha of Mechaye Maytim. [19]

If one forgot to say Brachot HaTorah

  1. If one forgot to say Brachot HaTorah and remembered in middle of Pesukei DeZimrah one should say it between the paragraphs in Pesukei DeZimrah. [20]
  2. If one forgot to say Brachot HaTorah and only remembered in Brachot Kriyat Shema one shouldn’t interrupt to say the Brachot but rather have intent to fulfill one’s obligation of Brachot HaTorah with Ahavat Olam and then learn a little right after davening. [21]
  3. If one forgot to say Brachot HaTorah before Davening and only remembered afterwards and didn’t learn right after davening, one shouldn’t say Brachot HaTorah because there’s of a doubt in the poskim if one fulfilled one’s obligation. [22]

When to say Birchot HaTorah

  1. One should say Birchot HaTorah prior to saying any pesukim as tefillah. [23]

Elokai Neshama

  1. One should pause between the words elokai and neshama so as not to give the impression that the neshama is his G-d. [24]
  2. Ideally, one should say elokai neshama in connection with asher yatzar or any other beracha that begins with the words baruch. [25]

Text

  1. For Hebrew text of Birchot Haschachar click here and continue to go to the next page or click here.

Sources

  1. S”A 6:2 and 46:2. The source for the Brachot of Shelo Asani Goy, Shelo Asani Isha, and Shelo Asani Eved is the Gemara Menachot 43b, which is codified by the S"A 46:4.
  2. Magan Avraham 47:13, Kaf HaChaim 46:49, Or Letzion (vol 2, 4:9)
  3. Mishna Brurah 47:30
  4. Piskei Teshuvot 494:7
  5. Ben Ish Hai, Vayeshev, 9; Kaf Hachaim 46:17
  6. Chazon Ovadyah (Yamim Noraim pg 320), Mishna Berura 554:31, {http://www.dailyhalacha.com/displayRead.asp?readID=951 Rabbi Eli Mansour}
  7. Yalkut Yosef (Birchat HaShachar pg 23)
  8. Kaf HaChaim (Rav Chaim Palagi 9:7)
  9. Yalkut Yosef Birkot Hashachar, Birkot Hatorah and Psukei Dizimra 5764 page 4 since safek berachot lihakel.
  10. Yalkut Yosef Hilchot Birkot Hashachar, Birkot Hatorah and Psukei Dizimra 5764 page 10
  11. Rama 46:8, Mishna Brurah 46:25, Yalkut Yosef Hilchot Birkot Hashachar, Birkot Hatorah and Psukei Dizimra 5764 page 11.
  12. Yalkut Yosef Hilchot Birkot Hashachar, Birkot Hatorah and Psukei Dizimra 5764 page 26.
  13. Yalkut Yosef Birkot Hashachar, Birkot Hatorah and Psukei Dizimra 5764 page 27.
  14. Yalkut Yosef Birkot Hashachar, Birkot Hatorah and Psukei Dizimra 5764 page 31.
  15. Rama 46:8, Mishna Brurah 46:24
  16. Kaf HaChaim 46:49, Sh"t Yabia Omer 5:6, Tefillah KeHilchata (chap 9 note 159) quoting Chacham Ben Tzion Abba Shaul, Yalkut Yosef Birkot Hashachar, Birkot Hatorah and Psukei Dizimra 5764 page 13
  17. Ishei Yisrael 5:27
  18. Mishna Brurah 52:9
  19. Kaf HaChaim 46:9, Mishna Brurah 52:9
  20. Mishna Brurah 51:10
  21. Mishna Brurah 52:9
  22. S”A 47:8
  23. S”A 46:9, Mishna Brurah 46:27
  24. Yalkut Yosef Hilchot Birkot Hashachar, Birkot Hatorah and Psukei Dizimra 5764 page 1; Ben Ish Hai, Vayeshev, Halacha 2; Kaf HaChaim 6:5
  25. Yalkut Yosef Hilchot Birkot Hashachar, Birkot Hatorah and Psukei Dizimra 5764 page 21; Ben Ish Hai, Vayeshev, Halacha 1; Kaf HaChaim 46:4