Difference between revisions of "Giving Birth on Shabbat"

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==Preparation for the hospital==
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==Preparation for the Hospital==
# It would be ideal to:
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# It would be ideal to: pay a taxi company prior to [[Shabbos]],<ref>Sefer Yad L'Yoledes 4:1b</ref> or prepare the money (plus tip)<ref>Kovetz Ohr Hashabbos 8</ref> in an envelope beforehand (this is advisable as if one gives a very large bill it is prohibited to accept change back from the driver on [[Shabbos]])<ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 32:55</ref>
## register in the hospital prior to Shabbos so as to minimize unnecessary forms to fill out<ref>See M.B. 330:1 who initiates all kind of preparation prior to giving birth</ref>
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# Some poskim say that if possible, a woman in her ninth month of pregnancy should try to stay in close proximity to the hospital on Shabbat, in order to minimize the amount of chilul Shabbat.<ref>Rabbi Hershel Schachter ([https://www.yutorah.org/lectures/lecture.cfm/742477/rabbi-hershel-schachter/shiur-12-inyonei-niddah/y-d/ Shiur 12 Inyonei Nidda] at around 56 minutes in and [https://www.yutorah.org/lectures/lecture.cfm/853165/rabbi-shay-schachter/pikuach-nefesh-on-shabbos-does-shabbos-exist-at-all-/ cited by his son Rabbi Shay Schachter]). Since the Magen Avraham 330:1 quotes from the Sefer Chassidim 828 that when a woman enters her ninth month, she should prepare as much as possible before Shabbat, being closer to the hospital is included.</ref> Others say that she does not need to arrange to stay close to the hospital for [[Shabbat]] when it is too hard. <ref>Sefer Yad L'Yoledes 4:1f, Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 36:6 in the name of the Chazon Ish and Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach, Rav Avigdor Neventzal (Notes to Beyitzchak Yika're on Mishna Brura 330:9), Nishmat Avraham 330:3, Chacham Ovadia Yosef (Halichot Olam vol. 4 Parashat Tetzaveh Ot 47, and Chazon Ovadia Shabbat 3:pg. 321 and Chazon Ovadia Avelut Vol. 1 pg. 52-54), Divrei Yatziv OC 170 <br />
## have a bag prepared with all the woman's essentials for the  hospital<ref>
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* Rav Osher Weiss (Minchas Asher 1:25) writes that the Sefer Chassidim is, as its name suggests, merely a middat chassidut without any real source. Therefore, it is not worthwhile to burden the whole family with having to move for Shabbat, or burden somebody else with hosting you.
|colspan = "3"|It should be noted that not all poskim permit one to take a suitcase when there is no eruv, however since nowadays many consider a change of clothes to be “essential” to the woman's well being one may prepare some sort of bag to take along with you in the event that she goes into labor over Shabbos </ref>
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* Although in Orchos Rabbenu (pg. 160) it is told that the Chazon Ish told his sister that she should stay near the hospital when she was in her ninth month, that is not really the strict law.</ref> However, if she feels the labor coming on, she should try to get to the hospital before Shabbat.<ref>Ketzot Hashulchan 130:Badei Hashulchan 3, Yalkut Yosef 330:3, Torat Hayoledet pg. 17 </ref>
## pay a taxi company prior to Shabbos,<ref>
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|Sefer Yad L'Yoledes 4:1b</ref> or prepare the money (plus tip)<ref>
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==Transportation to Hospital==
|Kovetz Ohr Hashabbos 8</ref> in an envelope beforehand (this is advisable as if one gives a very large bill it is prohibited to accept change back from the driver on Shabbos)<ref>
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# It is halachically preferable to have a non-Jew drive to the hospital. <ref>Be'er Moshe 6:51</ref>
|SSK”h 32:55</ref>
 
## disconnect the interior car lights in the event that the car will have to be used on Shabbos
 
## stay close to the hospital if possible. If this causes undue hardship one need not follow through with these arrangements<ref>
 
|Sefer Yad L'Yoledes 4:1f</ref>
 
## set the number to the doctor, dula, birthing coach, taxi etc. on speed dial on one's cell phone so as to minimize the amount of buttons to be pressed<ref>
 
|Oral Psak heard from R' Yitzchok Berkowitz Shlita</ref>
 
==Transportation to hospital==
 
# It is halachically preferable to:
 
## have a non-Jew drive<ref>Be'er Moshe 6:51</ref> to the hospital<ref>As reported by EMT hatzalah volunteers Shmuly Neuman K-38 and Ari Epstein F-212, the response time of hatzalah as compared to other private ambulance companies is significantly shorter. Therefore, if time is of essence, one need not hesitate to call hatzalah and in fact one should do so </ref>
 
## instruct the non-Jewish driver to take the suitcase from the house to the car and the car to the hospital
 
## drive to the hospital (in a situation where no no-Jew is available) by committing as few acts of melacha as possible (i.e. when there is no car behind him and it is not a safety concern to avoid using the blinkers then one should refrain from doing so etc.)
 
## start the car in an unusual fashion such as holding the key in an awkward manner
 
## turn the switch that governs the inside bulbs to "on",when one forgot to remove the bulbs prior to Shabbos</ref> thereby preventing the lights from going on and off when the door is opened and closed.
 
 
# Anyone who will help the expectant mother in both the physiological and/or psychological realms is permitted to be picked up and driven along with the woman. Included in this may be a husband, mother, mother-in-law, dula, birthing coach etc. assuming that they will provide physical and/or mental support to the woman in question.<ref>Igros Moshe O.C. 1:132g</ref>
 
# Anyone who will help the expectant mother in both the physiological and/or psychological realms is permitted to be picked up and driven along with the woman. Included in this may be a husband, mother, mother-in-law, dula, birthing coach etc. assuming that they will provide physical and/or mental support to the woman in question.<ref>Igros Moshe O.C. 1:132g</ref>
 
==Arrival at the Hospital==
 
# Since the only ''heter ''of driving is predicated on the fact that it is for someone who's life is in danger, once the woman arrives there is no longer a need to be ''michalel shabbos ''with the car anymore. One should therefore stop the car in front of the hospital entrance as once it's stopped it can't be driven again unless someone's life is in danger. A parking ticket or other such fine is no reason to allow one to move the car and one should therefore have a non-Jew move it for him. The reason for this is that should the gas run out it would cause damage to the car and ''amira l'akum'' is permitted in place of monetary loss.
 
 
==Arival at hospital==
 
==Arival at hospital==
# One should try to be cognizant of the fact that:
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# The hospital may have electric doors, therefore only manual doors should be used unless this causes her undue hardship (as she may be in no condition to find a manual door).<ref>Chazon Ish O.C. 50:9 says to walk right behind a non-Jew, see Yalkot Yosef 4:28, 29, Rivevos Ephraim 5:268</ref> In fact, if she has a strong need to have her husband walk in with her he may do so as well.<ref>Minchas Shlomo:1, Hilchos [[Refuah]] 1 pg. 36</ref>
## the hospital may have electric doors, therefore only manual doors should be used unless this causes her undue hardship(as she may be in no condition to find a manual door).<ref>
 
|Chazon Ish O.C. 50:9 says to walk right behind a non-Jew, see Yalkot Yosef 4:28, 29, Rivevos Ephraim 5:268</ref> In fact, if she has a strong need to have her husband walk in with her he may do so as well.<ref>
 
|Minchas Shlomo:1, Hilchos Refuah 1 pg. 36</ref>
 
## similarly, the elevator should only be used by the expectant woman and any significant other should take the stairs unless she wants them with her.
 
 
==Actual labor==
 
==Actual labor==
# In the event that a woman feels any contractions, even if she is not certain if it is true labor, she may make any phone calls necessary.<ref>
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# In the event that a woman feels any contractions, even if she is not certain if it is true labor, she may make any phone calls necessary.<ref> [[Shevet Halevi]] 8:88</ref> There are three other signs however that would allow a woman to do any melacha, even acts that are usually biblically prohibited (i.e. turning on lights, driving etc.). These signs are:
|Shevet Halaivi 8:88</ref> There are three other signs however that would allow a woman to do any melacha, even acts that are usually biblically prohibited (i.e. turning on lights, driving etc.). These signs are:
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## she cannot walk unassisted<ref>[[Shabbos]] 129a</ref>
## she cannot walk unassisted<ref>
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## she sees a flow of blood<ref>S.A. 330:3</ref>
|Shabbos 129a</ref>
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## if she is on the birthing table <ref>Rabbi Heshy Kahn (What's Doing, Greater Connecticut, 3/3/11) </ref>
## she sees a flow of blood<ref>
 
|S.A. 330:3</ref>
 
## if she is on the birthing table
 
==Post delivery==
 
{|border="0" cellspacing="2" width="100%"
 
# After the delivery one may not have a non-Jew call the home of the parents/in-laws to notify them of the gender of the baby since there is no real medical need to notify any of them of such information it would not warrant asking a non-Jew to do ''melacha'' in order to accomplish such a deed.<ref>
 
|Psak said b'shem R' Tuvia Goldstien zt”l, see Nishmas Shabbos 4:436,437. In the event that the woman is very sick or the parents are excessively nervous and beside themselves with worry there may be grounds to have a non-Jew call the hospital to find out the specifics of her health</ref>
 
|}
 
 
 
 
==Post partum halachic leniencies ==
 
==Post partum halachic leniencies ==
 
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# For the first 7 days following the delivery of the placenta she is considered a ''choleh sha'yaish bo sakana<ref>[[Shabbos]] 129a, S.A. 330:4</ref>'' (dangerously ill). In days 1-3 post partum, if she<ref>M.B. 330:14</ref> or her doctor<ref>Bach 330:7</ref> feels that desecrating the [[Shabbat]] is not necessary, anyone may violate [[Shabbat]] (despite her wishes not to) if they even think she might be in danger.  The laws of  days 4-7 are more stringent, in that if she feels there is no need to desecrate the [[shabbos]], then one may not do so for her, providing that the doctor agrees with her. From day eight and on she has the status of ''choleh sha'ein bo sakana ''and my only ask a non-Jew to do anything that she needs.<ref>S.A. 328:17</ref>
{|border="0" cellspacing="2" width="100%"
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==Credits==
|
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# Special thanks to Rabbi Heshy Kahn for this article.
# For the first 7 days following the delivery of the placenta she is considered a ''choleh sha'yaish bo sakana<ref>
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==Sources==
|Shabbos 129a, S.A. 330:4</ref>'' (dangerously ill). In days 1-3 post partum, if she<ref>
 
|M.B. 330:14</ref> or her doctor<ref>
 
|Bach 330:7</ref> feels that desecrating the shabbos is not necessary, anyone may be ''michalel shabbos'' (despite her wishes not to) if they even think she might be in danger.  The laws of  days 4-7 are more stringent, in that if she feels there is no need to desecrate the shabbos, then one may not do so for her, providing that the doctor agrees with her.
 
 
 
|-
 
|colspan = "3"|From day eight and on she has the status of ''choleh sha'ein bo sakana ''and my only ask a non-Jew to do anything that she needs.<ref>
 
|S.A. 328:17</ref>
 
 
 
|}
 
 
 
==Resources==
 
 
<references/>
 
<references/>
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[[Category:Shabbat]]
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[[Category:Niddah|Lifecycles|Shabbat]]

Latest revision as of 22:09, 3 November 2018

Preparation for the Hospital

  1. It would be ideal to: pay a taxi company prior to Shabbos,[1] or prepare the money (plus tip)[2] in an envelope beforehand (this is advisable as if one gives a very large bill it is prohibited to accept change back from the driver on Shabbos)[3]
  2. Some poskim say that if possible, a woman in her ninth month of pregnancy should try to stay in close proximity to the hospital on Shabbat, in order to minimize the amount of chilul Shabbat.[4] Others say that she does not need to arrange to stay close to the hospital for Shabbat when it is too hard. [5] However, if she feels the labor coming on, she should try to get to the hospital before Shabbat.[6]

Transportation to Hospital

  1. It is halachically preferable to have a non-Jew drive to the hospital. [7]
  2. Anyone who will help the expectant mother in both the physiological and/or psychological realms is permitted to be picked up and driven along with the woman. Included in this may be a husband, mother, mother-in-law, dula, birthing coach etc. assuming that they will provide physical and/or mental support to the woman in question.[8]

Arival at hospital

  1. The hospital may have electric doors, therefore only manual doors should be used unless this causes her undue hardship (as she may be in no condition to find a manual door).[9] In fact, if she has a strong need to have her husband walk in with her he may do so as well.[10]

Actual labor

  1. In the event that a woman feels any contractions, even if she is not certain if it is true labor, she may make any phone calls necessary.[11] There are three other signs however that would allow a woman to do any melacha, even acts that are usually biblically prohibited (i.e. turning on lights, driving etc.). These signs are:
    1. she cannot walk unassisted[12]
    2. she sees a flow of blood[13]
    3. if she is on the birthing table [14]

Post partum halachic leniencies

  1. For the first 7 days following the delivery of the placenta she is considered a choleh sha'yaish bo sakana[15] (dangerously ill). In days 1-3 post partum, if she[16] or her doctor[17] feels that desecrating the Shabbat is not necessary, anyone may violate Shabbat (despite her wishes not to) if they even think she might be in danger. The laws of days 4-7 are more stringent, in that if she feels there is no need to desecrate the shabbos, then one may not do so for her, providing that the doctor agrees with her. From day eight and on she has the status of choleh sha'ein bo sakana and my only ask a non-Jew to do anything that she needs.[18]

Credits

  1. Special thanks to Rabbi Heshy Kahn for this article.

Sources

  1. Sefer Yad L'Yoledes 4:1b
  2. Kovetz Ohr Hashabbos 8
  3. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 32:55
  4. Rabbi Hershel Schachter (Shiur 12 Inyonei Nidda at around 56 minutes in and cited by his son Rabbi Shay Schachter). Since the Magen Avraham 330:1 quotes from the Sefer Chassidim 828 that when a woman enters her ninth month, she should prepare as much as possible before Shabbat, being closer to the hospital is included.
  5. Sefer Yad L'Yoledes 4:1f, Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 36:6 in the name of the Chazon Ish and Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach, Rav Avigdor Neventzal (Notes to Beyitzchak Yika're on Mishna Brura 330:9), Nishmat Avraham 330:3, Chacham Ovadia Yosef (Halichot Olam vol. 4 Parashat Tetzaveh Ot 47, and Chazon Ovadia Shabbat 3:pg. 321 and Chazon Ovadia Avelut Vol. 1 pg. 52-54), Divrei Yatziv OC 170
    • Rav Osher Weiss (Minchas Asher 1:25) writes that the Sefer Chassidim is, as its name suggests, merely a middat chassidut without any real source. Therefore, it is not worthwhile to burden the whole family with having to move for Shabbat, or burden somebody else with hosting you.
    • Although in Orchos Rabbenu (pg. 160) it is told that the Chazon Ish told his sister that she should stay near the hospital when she was in her ninth month, that is not really the strict law.
  6. Ketzot Hashulchan 130:Badei Hashulchan 3, Yalkut Yosef 330:3, Torat Hayoledet pg. 17
  7. Be'er Moshe 6:51
  8. Igros Moshe O.C. 1:132g
  9. Chazon Ish O.C. 50:9 says to walk right behind a non-Jew, see Yalkot Yosef 4:28, 29, Rivevos Ephraim 5:268
  10. Minchas Shlomo:1, Hilchos Refuah 1 pg. 36
  11. Shevet Halevi 8:88
  12. Shabbos 129a
  13. S.A. 330:3
  14. Rabbi Heshy Kahn (What's Doing, Greater Connecticut, 3/3/11)
  15. Shabbos 129a, S.A. 330:4
  16. M.B. 330:14
  17. Bach 330:7
  18. S.A. 328:17