Greeting People before Davening

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  1. If one met one’s friend in the market (in a happenstance way) one may greet him with good morning and not Shalom. [1]
  2. If this is a powerful person, and one meets him on the way, one can tell him "Shalom" [2].
  3. This prohibition only applies to greeting someone, but it’s permissible to respond to someone who greeted you. [3]
  4. One may not go to someone’s house to greet them with “Shalom” once the time for Shacharit began. If one met the person on the way, it is preferable not to greet with “Shalom”. [4]
  5. Once the time for Shacharit comes until one said Brachot HaShachar one may greet one’s friend with the word Shalom but rather with good morning. [5]
  6. If one went out of one’s way to greet one’s friend, one should not greet him with good morning, even if one already said Brachot HaShachar. [6]

Sources

  1. S”A 89:2 writes that if one meets a friend in the market one may greet him with Shalom and some say that one should greet him with good morning. Mishna Brurah 89:13 writes that we hold like the second opinion.
  2. M"B 89:10
  3. Mishna Brurah 89:16
  4. Gemara Brachot (14a) writes that one should greet someone with Shalom prior to Shacharit. Rashi and Tosfot (14a s.v. BeMashkim) hold that if one accidentally met a friend on the way one may greet him with Shalom. However, the Rashba (14a) quotes the Raavad who holds that even if one doesn’t specifically arrange to meet one shouldn’t greet with the word “Shalom”. S”A 89:2 rules like Rashi (as the anonymous first opinion) that if one doesn’t arrange to meet one may greet a person with Shalom.
  5. S”A 89:2
  6. S”A 89:2, Mishna Brurah 89:12, 14