Greeting People before Davening

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  1. It’s forbidden to go to someone’s house to greet them with “Shalom” once the time for Shacharit began. However, it’s preferable not to greet with “Shalom” even if one only met the person on the way. [1]
  2. Once the time for Shacharit comes until one said Brachot HaShachar one may greet one’s friend with the word Shalom but rather with good morning. [2]
  3. If one went out of one’s way to greet one’s friend it’s forbidden even to say good morning even if one already said Brachot HaShachar. [3]
  4. If one met one’s friend in the market (in a happenstance way) one may greet him with good morning and not Shalom. S”A 89:2 writes that if one meets a friend in the market one may greet him with Shalom and some say that one should greet him with good morning. Mishna Brurah 89:13 writes that we hold like the second opinion. Mishna Brurah 89:10 writes that if one meets a person and there’s a fear that not greeting him will cause hate one may greet him with Shalom. </ref>
  5. This prohibition only applies to greeting someone but it’s permissible to respond to someone who greeted you. [4]

References

  1. Gemara Brachot (14a) writes that one should greet someone with Shalom prior to Shacharit. Rashi and Tosfot (14a D”H BeMashkim) hold that if one accidentally met a friend on the way one may greet him with Shalom. However, the Rashba (14a) quotes the Raavad who holds that even if one doesn’t specifically arrange to meet one shouldn’t greet with the word “Shalom”. S”A 89:2 rules like Rashi (as the anonymous first opinion) that if one doesn’t arrange to meet one may greet a person with Shalom.
  2. S”A 89:2
  3. S”A 89:2, Mishna Brurah 89:12, 14
  4. Mishna Brurah 89:16