Difference between revisions of "Making One Hundred Brachot Daily"
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==Making an Unnecessary Beracha==
==Making an Unnecessary Beracha==
# Some say that one cannot recite a bracha sheina tzreecha to reach the 100 brachot,<ref> Magen Avraham 46:8 based on gemara in Yoma 70a which prohibits the recitation of unnecessary [[brachot]]. </ref> while others argue that it is permissible. <ref> Yalkut Yosef (Pesukei
# Some say that one cannot recite a bracha sheina tzreecha to reach the 100 brachot,<ref> Magen Avraham 46:8 based on gemara in Yoma 70a which prohibits the recitation of unnecessary [[brachot]]. </ref> while others argue that it is permissible. <ref> Yalkut Yosef (Pesukei p. 53) says that if fruits were brought to the table before Birkat Hamazon one is allowed to push off making the bracha until after Birkat Hamazon to reach 100 brachot. Sh”t Mishneh Halachot 15:60 also rules that this is not considered bracha sheayna tzricha since you are creating the obligation to recite it in order to fulfill the mitzva of reciting 100 berachot. Magen Avraham 215:6 holds that you can only wait to eat the fruit for dessert if they have not been brought to the table yet. </ref>
==Is intent (Kavanah) required?==
==Is intent (Kavanah) required?==
Revision as of 22:13, 3 December 2015
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One is obligated to recite 100 berachot each day. 
Origin of the obligation
- Some hold that this law is a biblical obligation, while others hold it's of rabbinic origin. 
- There are several sources and reasons given for this law including:
- David Hamelech made an institution to say 100 berachot a day to stop the plague that was killing a 100 people every day. 
- The Gematria of each letter of צדיק/tzaddik - 90 / צ amen's a day, 4 / ד Kedushos a day, 10 / י amen yehiy shemei rabba's, and 100 / ק berachot a day.
- Corresponding to the one hundred sockets of the mishkan.
- The gemara (Menachot 43b) learns from the Pasuk (Devarim 10:12) "וְעַתָּה֙ יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל מָ֚ה ה' אֱלֹקיךָ שֹׁאֵ֖ל מֵֽעִמָּ֑ךְ כִּ֣י אִם־לְ֠יִרְאָה" and says that we shouldn't read it as "מה" (what) but instead "me'ah" (100).  The exposition may be based on the fact that the verse has 100 letters or because Mah in gematria using At-Bash is 100.
- Moshe received it as a Halacha LeMoshe MeSinai 
- The pasuk says "Ki Ken Yivorach Gaver" (Tehillim 128:4) and since "Ki Ken" has the gemara of 100, the pasuk can be read to say that a person blesses 100 times a day.
Practically how to get to 100
Here's a basic breakdown of how you might say 100 berachot in a day:
- Hamapil (1)
- Shacharit (48)
- Mincha (19)
- Shmoneh Esrei (19)
- Mariv (24)
- Hamotzi meal (6)
- Al netilat yadim (1)
- Hamotzi (1)
- Birkat hamazon (4)
- 4 of your choice
How is a Day Counted?
- There is a dispute whether we count a day for the purposes of this halacha starting from the night starting from the day. The majority of poskim hold that the count of a hundred Brachot starts at night. 
- Some poskim say that women aren't obligated in making a hundred brachot daily since it's a time-bound positive obligation,  while others say that they are as obligated as men. 
What Counts as a Bracha?
- Some say that answering Zimmun is considered one of a person’s hundred Brachot every day. 
- Some count the "Baruch Elokenu" in Ein KeElokenu as a bracha to make up to a hundred brachot. 
- If one extends his third meal on Shabbat some hold that the brachot of benching aren't counted towards the hundred brachot of that day, while others consider it as part of the brachot of Shabbat. 
- Because we don't say a Shmoneh Esrei of 19 brachot but rather of 7, one should try to accumulate a hundred through having snacks. 
- According to the Mishna Brurah one is only lacking 13 Brachot on Shabbat.  The following is the Mishna Brurah's count of 87 Brachot:
- HaMapil (1)
- Asher yatzer (1)
- Netilat yadayim (1)
- Brachot Hashachar (15)
- Elokai Nishama (1)
- Brachot Hatorah (3)
- Baruch SheAmer (1)
- Yishtabach (1)
- Tzitzit or Tallit (1)
- Brachot Kriyat Shema of Shacharit (3)
- 2 before Shema
- 1 after Shema
- Brachot Kriyat Shema of Maariv (4)
- 2 before Shema
- 2 after Shema
- Shmoneh Esrei (28)
- 3 Meals with Benching on wine (24) each one including
- Kiddish (3)
- at night, HaMekadesh HaShabbat and HaGafen (2)
- during the day, HaGafen (1)
- If one is unable to accumulate a hundred brachot on Shabbat or Yom Tov one can listen to the brachot of Torah reading with intent to accumulate a hundred brachot. 
- For the laws of making one hundred Brachot on Yom Kippur see the Yom Kippur page.
Making an Unnecessary Beracha
- Some say that one cannot recite a bracha sheina tzreecha to reach the 100 brachot, while others argue that it is permissible. 
Is intent (Kavanah) required?
- Some hold that no specific intent is required when saying brachot in order to fulfill the mitzvah of making a hundred brachot. However, one must make sure to make the bracha with the proper Kavana of the words or at least intent that one is speaking before Hashem in order that one fulfill the mitzvah of a hundred brachot. 
- Article on The Obligation to Recite One Hundred Berachot Each Day by Rabbi Josh Flug
- Saying 100 Berachos Every Day by Rabbi Aryeh Lebowitz
- Shulchan Aruch 46:3 from Gemara Menachot 43b, Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 6:7
- See Sh"t Atret Paz 1:1 at length. The Chida (Machzik Bracha 290:1) writes that going out of the way to complete a hundred Brachot daily is only a virtuous practice. However, the Petach Dvir 290:3, Sdei Chemed (Chet 34), Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 6:7 and Sh"t Atret Paz 1:1 write that it’s a complete obligation. [Chazon Ovadyah (Shabbat vol 2 pg 339) writes that even the Chida may mean that it’s only virtuous to go out of the way to make the Bracha oneself but accumulating a hundred (including Brachot one listens to such as the Brachot of Torah reading) is an obligation.] Tur 46 also says this obligation is also rabbinic and the pasuk brought in menachot 43b is an asmachta. The Arizal in Shaar Ruach Hakodesh 4a says that there is a level in blessing in heaven that the only way to get to it is saying 100 berachot each day. Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 6:7 writes that a person is obligated to make a hundred brachot daily. Kitzur Shulchan Aruch of Rav Mordechai Eliyahu 6:7 concurs.
- Bamidbar Rabba Parasha 18, Tur 46 quoting Rabbi Natronai Gaon, Daat Zekenim MeBaalei Tosfot (Devarim 10:12)
- The Reishit Chachma (Shaar HaKedusha ch. 17 s.v. BePrat) writes that the letters of Tzaddik are a hint to saying 90 amens, 4 Kedushot, 100 Brachot, 10 Kadishim. Part of this hint, the Reishit Chachma derives from the Zohar (Tikkunim page 29).
- The Baal HaTurim (Shemot 38:27) writes that the institution of reciting 100 brachot each day corresponds to the 100 sockets of the Mishkan.
- Rashi Menachot 43b
- Tosafot Menachot 43b "shoel" suggest that it is because the verse has 100 letters.
- Daat Zekenim MeBaalei HaTosfot (Devarim 10:12), Baal HaTurim (Devarim 10:12). See further in the Baal HaTurim who says that it can be based on the gematria of ממך being 100 (but requires further explanation).
- See Sh"t Yosef Ometz 50 in name of Sefer Charedim, Sh"t Atret Paz 1:1 quotes this and discusses whether it is on a deoraitta obligation
- Daat Zekenim MeBaalei HaTosfot (Devarim 10:12)
- Magen Avraham 46:8, Mishna Brurah 46:14
- Sh"t Atret Paz 1:1 writes that it seems from most rishonim that we count from the day to the night. However, he writes that it seems from Bet Yosef (46 s.v. “Ditanya”) and Mishna Brurah 46:14 that we count from the night to the day based on the fact that they begin their count of the brachot from HaMapil. Additionally, Sh"t Betzel Chachmah 4:155 proved from the poskim's counting of the brachot on Shabbat that we count from the nighttime.
- Sefer Ha'itim 195 says that the count starts from the morning and finishes the next morning.
- If one brought shabbat in early Rabbi Shimon Sofer in Hitorerut Teshuva 3:502 says that the berachot count for the count of shabbat, while Sh"t Bitzel Hachochma 4:155 says they count for the previous day. According to Rav Stern in Bitzel Hachochma, one would need to make up all berachot recited before shabbat starts, including the 7 of the shemoneh esrei and 4 of kriat shema, and if he starts the meal then those berachot as well.
- Rav Mordechai Eliyahu (quoted in Mikraei Kodesh Hilchot Yom Kippur 12:5:note 58) holds that one only has the hours of daylight to reach 100 brachot, from the simple meaning of the word “yom.”
- Halichot Bayta 13:note 2 in name of Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach, Sh”t Teshuvot VeHanhagot 2:129, Sh”t Shevet HaKehati 3:63, Birkat Eitan (pg 62), Vezot HaBracha (pg 185, chapter 20), Sh”t Ateret Paz 1:1, Shevet HaLevi 5:23, and Sh”t Rivevot Efraim 3:47, 5:114 write that women are exempt and some base it on the Magen Avraham regarding Zecher Yetziat Mitzrayim in Shema who disagrees with the Shagat Aryeh.
- Rav Elyashiv in Yashiv Moshe (pg 19) and Birkat Eitan (pg 61), Rav Hershel Schachter in a shiur on yutorah.org ("Women at Prayer" min 28), Chacham Ovadyah in Halichot Olam (vol 1 pg 59), Halacha Brurah 46:8, and Yalkut Yosef (Otzar Dinim LeIsha 6:1 pg 75), and Halichot Bat Yisrael (end of chapter 14) write that women are obligated since it’s a obligation that applies the whole day and is renewed every day similar to the Shagat Aryeh regarding Zecher Yetziat Mitzrayim in Shema. Yalkut Yosef (Otzar Dinim LeIsha 6:1 pg 75) cites some who say that after the fact women can fulfill their obligation with praises of Hashem or by answering Amen to the brachot of others. See Contemporary Questions In Halacha and Hashkafa pg. 106 where he quotes opinions on both sides as well
- Sefer Keysad Mezamnin 1:22
- Taz 46
- If one extends the third meal of Shabbat past the time of sunset, Chazon Ovadyah (Shabbat vol 2 pg 337) and Sh”t Shevet HaLevi 5:23 hold that the brachot one makes during the meal and the Birkat HaMazon count towards the hundred brachot of Shabbat. However, Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach (Sh”t Minchat Shlomo 2:4:27, Halichot Shlomo (tefillah 22:23)) writes that it doesn't count towards the hundred brachot of Shabbat.
- Shulchan Aruch 290:1.
- Mishna Brurah 46:14
- The Magen Avraham 46:8 writes that one should only rely on accumulating a hundred Brachot using Brachot that one heard from the Brachot on Torah reading if one is unable to make the Brachot oneself by eating snacks. This is also the opinion of the S”A HaRav 46, and Mishna Brurah 46:14. See Sh"t Yabia Omer 8:23:24.
- Magen Avraham 46:8 based on gemara in Yoma 70a which prohibits the recitation of unnecessary brachot.
- Yalkut Yosef (Pesukei DeZimrah p. 53) says that if fruits were brought to the table before Birkat Hamazon one is allowed to push off making the bracha until after Birkat Hamazon to reach 100 brachot. Sh”t Mishneh Halachot 15:60 also rules that this is not considered bracha sheayna tzricha since you are creating the obligation to recite it in order to fulfill the mitzva of reciting 100 berachot. Magen Avraham 215:6 holds that you can only wait to eat the fruit for dessert if they have not been brought to the table yet.
- Rabbi Dovid Aharon Brizman (Av Bet Din Philadelphia) in Vol. 59 No. 1 Tishrei 5766 pg 4-5 writes that since the entire mitzvah of making a hundred brachot is meant to inspire Yirat Hashem one doesn't need specific intent to fulfill the mitzvah and making the brachot with Kavanah is sufficient. However, he does quote the Yaavetz and Seder HaYom who hold that a bracha without intent doesn't count for this mitzvah. Nonetheless, he suggests that perhaps intent that one is speaking before Hashem suffices (like the Grach in Hilchot Tefillah).