Me'amer

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  1. Fruits which are scattered in a field or home may not be gathered and put in a basket, however, one may collect a few and eat them. However, if the fruits fell in one area one may gather them into a basket unless they fell among sand or dirt. [1]
  2. There is no prohibition to gathers items that don’t grow from the ground. [2]
  3. If fruit are scattered in the house and it’s not proper kavod Shabbat or not respectful for guests one may gather them into a pile, fruit drawer in the refrigerator, or bag. [3]

References

  1. S”A 335:5 writes that if fruit was scattered here and there throughout a field it is forbidden to gather them into a basket but one may gather them a little at a time to eat them , however, if they fell in one spot one may put them in a basket unless they fell among sand or dirt. Mishna Brurah 335:17 explains that the prohibition in this case is not MeAmer because the fruit didn’t grow in the courtyard but rather there’s a prohibition of Uvda DeChol (a weekday activity that involves excessive effort) which only applies if they are scattered or among sand or dirt. Sh”t Az Nidabru 14:17 explains that the prohibition of Uvda DeChol (a weekday activity that involves excessive effort) would apply equally if fruit were scattered in a field or a house. Ayil Meshulash Me’amer (Siman 7, pg 173) agrees and infers this from Chaye Adam (Shabbat, 13:1) and Eliyah Rabba (end of 335).
  2. Mishna Brurah 340:37
  3. S”A 340:9 rules that it’s forbidden to collect salt in the area of an evaporated salt deposit and the same is true for gathering anything in the place where it grew. The Mishna Brurah 340:37 points out that it’s permissible to gather things in a place other than where they grew, for example it’s permissible to collect fruit which was scattered in the house. Nonetheless, the Mishna Brurah concludes that it may involve Uvda DeChol as in S”A 335:5. Ayil Meshulash (Siman 7, pg 174) concludes that if one collects the fruit in a pile, fruit drawer, or bag it’s permissible in cases of need.