Nine Days

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The Nine Days is time period from the beginning of the month of Av until Tisha BeAv during which there are a number of practices of mourning described below. While many of the laws below apply to the entire period of the Nine Days, some of them only apply during the week in which Tishba BaAv falls out (Shevua SheChal Bo). Additionally, these practices are very similar but generally more stringent than those that observed during the Three Weeks.

Business

  1. When the month of Av begins one should reduce one’s involvement in activities of happiness. [1]
  2. If one has a lawsuit with a non-Jew one should delay it until the month of Elul or at least until after Tisha BeAv. [2]
  3. One should refrain from buying materials for a wedding. [3]
  4. One doesn’t have to reduce one’s regular business during the Nine days. [4]
  5. One may not build houses or buildings for business purposes during the Nine Days. However, one may hire a non-Jew before the Nine Days with a fixed sum for the entire project and then, he may work during the Nine Days and even on Tisha BeAv. [5]
  6. If a wall if going to fall, even if there isn’t a concern of danger but only a concern of loss, one may restore it during the Nine Days. [6]

Taking Haircuts and Shaving

  1. The Sephardic minhag is not to take a haircut during the week in which Tishba BaAv falls out (Shevua SheChal Bo)[7], while the Ashkenazic minhag is not to take a haircut during the entire Nine Days. [8]
  2. Shaving one’s beard or moustache is forbidden just like it is forbidden to take a haircut. [9] If one moustache interferes with one’s eating, one may cut it. [10]

Laundering Clothes

  1. The Sephardic minhag is not to launder clothes or wear newly laundered clothes during the week in which Tishba BaAv falls out (Shevua SheChal Bo)[11], while the Ashkenazic minhag is not to launder clothes or wear newly laundered clothes during the entire Nine Days. [12]

Showering, Bathing, and Swimming

  1. Some have the minhag not to bathe during the Nine Days and some only refrain from bathing during the week in which Tishba BaAv falls out (Shevua SheChal Bo). [13]

Eating Meat and Drinking Wine

Weddings

  1. The Sephardic minhag is not to get married during the Nine Days [14], while the Ashkenazic minhag is not to get married anytime in the Three Weeks. [15]

Shecheyanu

  1. It is forbidden to buy new clothes during the Nine Days. [16]
  2. One should refrain from making a Shecheyanu upon a new fruit or new clothing during the Three Weeks. [17]

References

  1. S”A 551:1
  2. S”A 551:1, Mishna Brurah 551:2
  3. Mishna Brurah 551:11
  4. Mishna Brurah 551:11
  5. S”A 551:2, Mishna Brurah 511:12
  6. S”A 551:2, Mishna Brurah 551:13
  7. S”A 551:3
  8. Rama 551:3
  9. S”A 551:12
  10. S”A 551:13
  11. S”A 551:3
  12. Rama 551:3
  13. S”A 551:16
  14. S”A 551:2
  15. Rama 551:2
  16. S”A and Rama 551:7
  17. S”A 551:17