Revision as of 20:58, 14 November 2011 by YitzchakSultan (Reverted edits by NoeYDdA (Talk) to last revision by ChachamY)
- If it’s a leap year the 14th and 15th of the second Adar is Purim for all it’s Mitzvot  while, the 14th and 15th of the first Adar are Purim Katan on which we don’t say Tachanun, fast, or make eulogies (except for a Talmud Chacham at the Levaya).
- There's no Tachanun on the mincha the day before Purim Katan. 
- On both days of Purim Katan there’s no Tachanun.  Some say that it’s forbidden to fast or give eulogies and that is the minhag. 
- One doesn’t say Al HaNissim on Purim Katan but if one did say it, one doesn’t have to repeat. 
- Some say to increase festivity and to increase in a meal on Purim Katan. 
- It’s permitted to work on Purim Katan. 
- Megilah 6b brings a dispute on the topic about on which Adar do we celebrate Purim and Rambam (Megilah 1:12), Tur and S”A 697:1 rule that Purim is celebrated in the second Adar.
- Maharil (Beginning of Hilchot Purim) writes that minhag Magensa was to say Tachanun on Purim Katan. However, Sh”t Tashbetz 2:2248 writes that we don’t say Tachanun on Purim Katan. So rules S”A 697:1.
- Rosh (Megilah 1:7) says that nowadays fasting and eulogies is permitted on Purim Katan. Sh”T Maharam (Prague 643), Tashbetz 178, Sefer HaParnes 269, Hagot Maimon (Megilah 2:Shin), Agudah (Megilah 1:6), and Tur 697 hold like the Rosh. However, Rambam (Megilah 2:13) implies that even nowadays one can’t fast or eulogize on Purim Katan. Smag (Asin MeDivrei Sofrim 4), Rabbenu Yerucham 10:1 in name of the Rif, Tosfot (6b D”H VeRabbi Eliezer), Ran (6b D”H Elah), Meiri 6b, Shibolei Leket 203, Or Zaruh 2:371, and S”A 697:1 rule like Rambam.
- Torat HaMoadim adds that a Talmud Chacham during the levaya is permitted as it’s even permitted on Chanuka and Purim (S”A Y”D 401:5).
- Mishna Brurah 131:33
- Mishna Brurah 697:2
- S”A 697
- Mishna Brurah 697:1
- Tosfot Megilah 6b D”H VeRabbi Eliezer says that the Minhag was to increase festivity and to have a meal on Purim Katan but disagrees with it based on the Gemara. Ran 6b, Smak 148:2, Hagot Maimon (Megilah 2:Shin), Rabbenu Peretz (Hagot Tashbetz 178) bring the Minhag only on the 14th of the first Adar. Bet Yosef 679 writes that nowadays the minhag isn’t to have a meal on Purim Katan, while, Rama concludes it’s preferable to have a increase a little in a meal to satisfy all opinions. Mishna Brurah 697:5 writes that one should preferably have a small feast which should be in order to give respect to the miracle of purim.
- Rabbenu David Avudraham (Purim pg 208) forbids work on Purim Katan, while Smak 148:2 and Hagot Maimon (Megilah 2:Shin) permit. Most Achronim rule leniently including Torat HaMoadim 1:8.