Purim Katan

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Purim Katan

  1. If it’s a leap year the 14th and 15th of the second Adar is Purim for all it’s Mitzvot [1] while, the 14th and 15th of the first Adar are Purim Katan on which we don’t say Tachanun[2], fast, or make eulogies[3] (except for a Talmud Chacham at the Levaya).[4]
  2. Some say to increase festivity and to increase in a meal on Purim Katan. [5]
  3. It’s permitted to work on Purim Katan. [6]

References

  1. Megilah 6b brings a dispute on the topic about on which Adar do we celebrate Purim and Rambam (Megilah 1:12), Tur and S”A 697:1 rule that Purim is celebrated in the second Adar.
  2. Maharil (Beginning of Hilchot Purim) writes that minhag genusa was to say Tachanun on Purim Katan. However, Sh”t Tashbetz 2:2248 writes that we don’t say Tachanun on Purim Katan. So rules S”A 697:1.
  3. Rosh (Megilah 1:7) says that nowadays fasting and eulogies is permitted on Purim Katan. Sh”T Maharam (Prague 643), Tashbetz 178, Sefer HaParnes 269, Hagot Maimon (Megilah 2:Shin), Agudah (Megilah 1:6), and Tur 697 hold like the Rosh. However, Rambam (Megilah 2:13) implies that even nowadays one can’t fast or eulogize on Purim Katan. Smag (Asin MeDivrei Sofrim 4), Rabbenu Yerucham 10:1 in name of the Rif, Tosfot (6b D”H VeRabbi Eliezer), Ran (6b D”H Elah), Meiri 6b, Shibolei Leket 203, Or Zaruh 2:371, and S”A 697:1 rule like Rambam.
  4. Torat HaMoadim adds that a Talmud Chacham during the levaya is permitted as it’s even permitted on Chanuka and Purim (S”A Y”D 401:5).
  5. Tosfot Megilah 6b D”H VeRabbi Eliezer says that the Minhag was to increase festivity and to have a meal on Purim Katan but disagrees with it based on the Gemara. Ran 6b, Smak 148:2, Hagot Maimon (Megilah 2:Shin), Rabbenu Peretz (Hagot Tashbetz 178) bring the Minhag only on the 14th of the first Adar. Bet Yosef 679 writes that nowadays the minhag isn’t to have a meal on Purim Katan, while, Rama concludes it’s preferable to have a increase a little in a meal to satisfy all opinions.
  6. Rabbenu David Avudraham (Purim pg 208) forbids work on Purim Katan, while Smak 148:2 and Hagot Maimon (Megilah 2:Shin) permit. Most Achronim rule leniently including Torat HaMoadim 1:8.