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Shomea KeOneh

No change in size, 23:55, 9 October 2013
m
Text replace - "Yabea Omer" to "Yabia Omer"
# In order that one should fulfill the obligation of the other by saying Bracha Rishona together, everyone must sit together at the same table. <Ref>S”A 213:1 </ref> However, after the fact even those who didn’t eat at the same table can fulfill the obligation with someone else who is making the Bracha if the one making the Bracha has intent to fulfill the obligation of others and the one listening has intent to his obligation. <ref> Mishna Brurah 213:5 </ref>
# However, since people aren’t experts in having intent to fulfill the obligation of others and those listening having intent to fulfill one’s obligation, the minhag is that each person make the Bracha Rishona to themselves. <Ref>Mishna Brurah 213:12 </ref>
# If someone heard a bracha Rishona as a Shomea Keonah and changes his mind and doesn’t want to eat he must have something so that his listening and in turn his saying of the bracha shouldn’t be a Bracha Levatala. <Ref> Sh”t Yabea Yabia Omer O”C 8:24 </ref>
===Bracha Achrona===
# The original establishment of the rabbis was that each person to make Bracha Achrona to oneself, except [[Birkat HaMazon]] which is supposed to said together (meaning, one person saying it out loud and everyone else fulfilling the obligation by listening). <Ref>S”A 213:1 </ref> Even part of the original enactment it was preferable that a person fulfill the obligation through listening (to someone else) if a person doesn’t know the text of the Bracha Achrona. <Ref>Mishna Brurah 213:9 </ref>
==Tefillah==
# If one is saying [[Shemoneh Esrei]] and one hears the Shaliach Tzibbur reach Kedusha one should pause and listen but one shouldn't answer with the congregation. By listening to the Shaliach Tzibbur one fulfills one's obligation through Shomea KeOneh.<ref>S"A 104:7. This is based on Rashi Sukkah 38b s.v. Hu who says that Shomea KeOneh makes it possible to fulfill one's obligation by listen and not answering. However, Tosfot s.v. Shamah argues that perhaps listening is considered an interruption in one's [[Shemoneh Esrei]]. </ref> One doesn't need to raise one's feet when listening to Kedusha. <ref>Yabea Yabia Omer 6:16 </ref>
==Sources==
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