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General Laws of Traveling

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General Laws of Traveling  ===Types of Trips===
#Before traveling, one should be sure these travels will not cause a compromise of halakhic laws. Under most circumstances, it would seem as though one cannot travel to a place where he/she will not be able to fulfill one’s halakhic obligations.<ref>Cf. Pri Megadim, Eishel Avraham 640:15 and Shut Igros Moshe III O.C. 93 regarding the mitzvah of Sukkah, and Avnei Nezer O.C. 321 regarding escaping one’s obligation in general</ref> However, some poskim assume that if the only mitzvah that will be missed is tefillah betzibur, one can still make such a trip<ref> Chavos Yair 115. Halichos Shelomo Tefillah 5:4 (pg. 61) writes that R. Shlomo Zalman Auerbach thought that it was permitted to travel for pleasure to a place without a minyan, as does R. Moshe Feinstein in Igros Moshe O.C. 2:27, but R. Zalman Nechemiah Goldberg’s comment in Halichos Shlomo on Tefillah pg. 358 permits it</ref> especially for the purpose of doing a mitzvah or business.<ref>Halichos Shelomo ibid. Shevet Ha’Levi 6:21:3, Ishei Yisroel 12:2</ref>
#Normally, one is not allowed to place oneself in a dangerous situation,<ref>Shabbos 32b, Rambam Hilchos Rotzeach Chapter 11, Shulchan Aruch C.M. 427:8 and Y.D. 116, see also Mesilas Yesharim Ch. 9</ref> and so traveling to a dangerous place or using a dangerous method of transportation should not be allowed. However, it is very hard to know what is considered dangerous enough to be prohibited, and so activities or places that normal people do not avoid due to the danger are considered permissible.<ref>Shut Minchas Shelomo 2:37, see also Shut Binyan Tzion 137 and Shut Chasam Sofer Y.D. 338</ref> A certain amount of personal risk is also allowed to be incurred for the purpose of making a parnassa.<ref>Shut Igros Moshe Choshen Mishpat 104</ref>
#A student should ask permission from his teacher before embarking on a trip<ref>Rama Y.D. 242:16</ref> even if traveling for the purpose of a mitzvah.<ref>Kaf Hachayim O.C. 110:17</ref>
===Preparing for a Trip===#One should not travel without his [[tefillin]].<ref>Aruch Hashulchan O.C. 110:5, Mishnah Berurah O.C. 110:20</ref>
#Before traveling, one must make sure that he or she has enough food and water for possible delays, as well as water for the purposes of hand washing.<ref>Kaf Hachayim 110:23</ref>
#It is a good practice to give charity both before embarking on a journey, and to take some money to give to charity once one arrives.<ref>Sefer Chassidim 1056, Kaf Hachayim 110:27</ref>
#One should ensure that his or her traveling plans will not involve violations of halakha. However, most poskim say that a kohen does not need to check if a plane’s path will be flying over gravesites.<ref>Shut Betzel Hachachmah 2:82, Tzitz Eliezer 12:62:10, Mishneh Halachos 9:226</ref>
===While Traveling===
#It is important to learn Torah while traveling.<ref> Eliyah Rabbah 110:8, Aruch Hashulchan O.C. 110:15, Kaf Hachayim 110:24</ref>
#When traveling through an area that is considered to be more dangerous for Jews than non-Jews, then one may dress as a non-Jew, provided that one is not violating a prohibition (of kilayim, etc.) by doing so.<ref>Bach Y.D. 147</ref> Some say that this is true even when traveling in an area that is not known to be specifically more dangerous for Jews.<ref>Shach Y.D. 147</ref>
[[Category:Between Man and Hashem‏‎]]

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