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Setting the Table

1 byte removed, 13:00, 6 April 2016
Seder Plate (Kaarah)
==Seder Plate (Kaarah)==
# Not everyone at [[the Seder]] needs to have their own three [[Matzah]]s and it’s enough that the one running [[the Seder]] has three [[Matzah]]s, however, in order that there be enough for everyone to receive a [[Kezayit]] from a broken [[matzah]] and a [[Kezayit]] from a whole [[matzah]] the one running [[the Seder]] should have the required amount of whole and broken matzahs. <Ref> Rav Schachter on [ OU Pre-Pesach Webcast 5771] between minutes 90 and 91 </ref>Some, however, argue that everyone should have their own three matzot so that there is enough so that each person have enough [[matzah]] for the mitzvah.<ref>Igrot Moshe 5:16:4</ref>
# The [[Kaarah]] should be set with the three Matzot, [[Maror]], CharotzetCharoset, [[Karpas]], and two cooked dishes (in commemoration of the [[Pesach]] and Chagigah [[Korbanot]]) and the minhag is to use a roasted shank bone and an egg. <ref> S”A and Rama 473:4 say that such is the minhag. The gemara in Pesachim 116a says that based on the pasuk of lechem oni, the [[matza]] should be broken and not whole, just like poor people's bread. Rif Pesachim 25b and Rambam Hilchot Chametz umatza 8:6 both rule that based on that there is no lechem mishna and we only have one whole and one broken. Tosafot Pesachim 116a "ma darko shel ani biprusa" says that we need to fulfill both lechem oni and lechem mishna so there is a requirement to have three matzas, two whole and the broken one. Shulchan Aruch 473:4 rules like tosafot. The Biur Hagra 473:4 rules like the Rambam because by having three you don't fulfill lechem oni. </ref>However, some have the practice of only using two Matzot. <ref>Haggadah of the Roshei Yeshivah (pg 14) records Rav Moshe's minhag to only use 2 matzot in accordance with the opinion of the Gra. See previous footnote.</ref>
# Preferably the [[Kaarah]] should be set so that one doesn’t need to pass over one mitzvah to do another mitzvah and so one should put the [[Karpas]] is the highest/closest place because that’s the first mitzvah of the night. Afterwards, should be the [[Matzah]], then the [[Maror]], and finally the cooked dishes. However, some say it doesn’t matter where the cooked dishes or [[Maror]] are. <ref> Rama 473:4 says that one should arrange the [[Kaarah]] so that one doesn’t pass over the mitzvoth. Mishna Brurah 473:36 says in name of the Chok Yacov that it doesn’t matter where the [[Karpas]] is because it’s not a mitzvah (as it’s only a zecher lemikdash). Mishna Brurah (Shaar Tzion 473:33) brings a machloket whether the [[Maror]] has to be placed in the order so as not to place over it. </ref>

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