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Mezuzah

554 bytes added, 12:05, 9 October 2017
Which doorposts require a mezuzah
# It is a dispute whether or not the doorway leading into an elevator requires a mezuzah. <ref>Rav Zilberstein (Tuvcha Yabiu - Hilchot Shecheinim 34) says that even if the elevator itself is not 4 by 4 amos- the doorpost from the hallway that leads into the elevator requires a mezuzah. However, Rav Moshe Stern (Be'er Moshe 2:88) says that no matter what an elevator will never require a mezuzah.</ref>
# A doorway is only obligated in a mezuzah if the room has 4 by 4 [[amot]] of space. If there's not 4 by 4 square [[amot]] but there is the same amount of area, such as 2 by 8 [[amot]], there is a dispute whether the doorway is obligated in a mezuzah. In such a case one should put up a mezuzah without a bracha, or recite a bracha when putting up a mezuzah in a doorway that is obligated and then put up this mezuzah. <ref>Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 11:10 records a dispute between the Rambam and Rosh on this matter. Shulchan Aruch YD 296:13 writes the opinion of the Rambam that if the room has an area of 4 by 4 [[amot]] even if it isn't a square it is obligated in a mezuzah. The Shach 296:23 notes that the opinion of the Rosh is that the doorway isn't obligated unless there is a 4 by 4 [[amot]] square area. Due to this dispute, the Shach concludes that one should put up the mezuzah without a bracha or recite a bracha when putting up a mezuzah in a doorway that is obligated and then put up this mezuzah.</ref>
# A doorway is usually obligated in a mezuzah if it has two doorposts that are 10 [[Tefachim]] tall and a lintel on top. <ref>Shulchan Aruch YD 287:1, Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 11:11</ref> Here an exception:
## A small closet, such as a linen closet or electricity closet, that a person doesn't enter and only uses by takes things out of it isn't obligated in a mezuzah. However, if it is a large closet that is 4 by 4 [[amot]] and a person enters is obligated in a mezuzah without a bracha.<Ref>Pitchei [[Mezuzot]] 19:10-1 (p. 257), Minchat Yitzchak 3:103, 4:92:3 </ref>
# A roofed porch that has 4 amot by 4 amot of space leading up to a house is obligated in a mezuzah with a bracha. (If the area it surrounds is 16 square amah, one should put up a mezuzah without a bracha.)<ref>HaMezuzah VeHilchoteha 3:10</ref>
[[Image:one-doorpost.png|200px|right]]
# If a doorway only has one doorpost, such as if the lintel is connected to a wall, then if the standing doorpost is on the right, one should put up a mezuzah without a bracha or recite a bracha when putting up a mezuzah in a doorway that is obligated and then put up this mezuzah. If the standing doorpost is on the left, that doorway isn't obligated in a mezuzah.<ref>Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 11:11, HaMezuzah VeHilchoteha 10:4</ref>
===Porch===
# A roofed porch that has 4 amot by 4 amot of space leading up to a house is obligated in a mezuzah with a bracha. (If the area it surrounds is 16 square amah, one should put up a mezuzah without a bracha.)<ref>HaMezuzah VeHilchoteha 3:10</ref>
===Closets, Pantries, and Storage Rooms===
# A doorway is usually obligated in a mezuzah if it has two doorposts that are 10 [[Tefachim]] tall and a lintel on top. <ref>Shulchan Aruch YD 287:1, Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 11:11</ref> Here an exception:
# A small closet, such as a linen closet or electricity closet, that a person doesn't enter and only uses by takes things out of it isn't obligated in a mezuzah. However, if it is a large closet that is 4 by 4 [[amot]] and a person enters is obligated in a mezuzah without a bracha.<Ref>Pitchei [[Mezuzot]] 19:10-1 (p. 257), Minchat Yitzchak 3:103, 4:92:3 </ref>
# A storage room requires a mezuzah.<ref>The Gemara Yoma 11a cites a dispute between Rav Kahana and Rav Yehuda if a storage room needs a mezuzah if it isn't used for anything else. Rav Kahana held that this was a dispute in the tenayim. The Rif (Mezuzah 6b) and Rosh (Mezuzah no. 15) hold that it is obligated, while the Rambam Mezuzah 6:7 holds it is not. Shulchan Aruch YD 286:2 accepts the opinion of the Rif. Yalkut Yosef YD 285:30 writes that one should put up a mezuzah without a bracha.</ref>
===Bathrooms and Bedrooms===
# A mezuzah should not be put up by the doorway to a bathroom, mikveh room, or a room people wash in and stand there undressed.<ref> Yoma 11b, Shulchan Aruch YD 286:4, Aruch HaShulchan YD 286:5, Yalkut Yosef 285:43</ref>

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