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Brit Milah

1,280 bytes added, 22:28, 18 March 2018
Obligation of the Mitzvah of Brit Milah
==The Night Before==
===Berit Yitzchak===
# In sephardic communities, it is customary on the night before a Berit Mila to assemble ten men in the home, as well as Torah scholars, to read special passages from the Zohar, in order to give the baby protection.<ref>Yalkut Yosef Sova Semachot Vol. 2 pg. 5, [http://www.dailyhalacha.com/displayRead.asp?readID=2334 Rabbi Eli Mansour]</ref> During this event the woman should come to the side room and recite Birkat Ha’gomel.<ref> Yalkut Yosef Sova Semachot Vol. 2 pg. 10, [http://www.dailyhalacha.com/displayRead.asp?readID=2334 Rabbi Eli Mansour]</ref>
# One does not need to eat bread at the meal for the night of the bris, and if one chooses to do so it would not qualify as a seudat mitzva, and thus would not allow for eating meat during the nine days. <ref> Yalkut Yosef Sova Semachot Vol. 2 pg. 8</ref>
# If the bris is pushed off past the 8th day, one should do the learning the night before the bris instead of on the 8th night.<ref>Yalkut Yosef Sova Semachot Vol. 2 pg. 11</ref>
# If the bris is on Shabbat morning, one should do the learning on Thursday night, and if possible to gather ten people to learn on Friday night.<ref> Yalkut Yosef Sova Semachot Vol. 2 pg. 11 </ref>
 
==Obligation of the Mitzvah of Brit Milah==
# A father is obligated to perform a Brit Milah (circumcision) on his son or to appoint a pious Mohel to do so on his behalf. <ref>Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 163:1, Yalkut Yosef Sova Semachot Vol. 2 pg. 12.
* The Gemara Kiddushin 29a states that a father is obligated to perform a Brit Milah for his son. Some rishonim assume that the entire obligation on the father is to make sure that the Milah takes place but he doesn't need to personally perform it nor even appoint a Mohel, as long as it is taken care of. These rishonim include the Maharach Or Zaruah (responsa n. 11) and Tosfot Rid (Kiddushin 29a s.v. Otto). However, most rishonim assume that there is an obligation upon the father to actually perform the milah and if he doesn't know how, he should appoint a Mohel to do it for him. These rishonim include the Rambam (Milah 1:1), Darkei Moshe (YD 264:1), and Rosh Chullin 6:8.
* The Or Ohr Zaruah (v. 2, Siman 107) writes that if the father knows how to do the Milah and nonetheless asks a Mohel to do it for him, he is losing out on his mitzvah. Shach CM 382:4 agrees. The Darkei Moshe 264:1 argues that we always use the principle of agency (Shaliach Adam KeMoto, Kiddushin 41a) and this mitzvah should be no different. The Kesot CM 382:2 defends the Or Ohr Zaruah saying that Brit Milah is a mitzvah that needs to be done with your body, and can't be delegated to be done by someone else.</ref>
# The father of the baby should place the baby on the lap of the Sandak. <ref>Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 163:1</ref>
# The father of the baby should stand near the Mohel (the one who is performing the circumcision) in order to show that the Mohel is his proxy. <ref>Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 163:1</ref>

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