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Tisha BeAv

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==When Tisha BeAv falls out on Shabbat==
 
#If Tisha B'av falls out on Shabbat, it is pushed off until Sunday and everything that would be forbidden on Tisha B'av is permitted on Shabbat. <ref>S”A 554:19, Kaf HaChaim 554:86, Yalkut Yosef 556:1</ref>According to Ashkenazim, some hold that relations are forbidden on Shabbat which is Tisha B'av unless it is her tevilah night.<ref>Rama 554:19. Mishna Brurah 554:40 writes that one can rely on the achronim who hold it is permitted if it is her tevilah night. </ref> On the other hand, according to Sepharadim, relations are permitted on Shabbat.<ref>Yalkut Yosef, Kitzur S"A, Volume 2, 556:1</ref>
#If Tisha BeAv falls out on [[Shabbat]] and is pushed off to Sunday, the bracha of Boreh Meorei HaEsh upon a fire is made on [[Motzei Shabbat]] before the reading of Eicha (while Boreh Mineh/Isbeh/Atzeh Besamim is omitted<ref>Yalkut Yosef, Kitzur S"A, Volume 2, 556:6.</ref>), however, the bracha of [[Havdalah]] on a cup of wine is delayed until after Tisha BeAv, Sunday night. <ref>Shulchan Aruch 556:1. Mishna Brurah 556:3 adds that an adult can drink this wine. Yalkut Yosef, Kitzur S"A, Volume 2, 556:8, Yabia Omer, Volume 6, 48:13. </ref> An adult who is exempt from fasting should recite [[Havdalah]] on [[Motzei Shabbat]] before eating.<ref>[http://www.dailyhalacha.com/displayRead.asp?readID=2361 Rabbi Mansour on Dailyhalacha.com] quoting Yechave Daat 3:40, Birkei Yosef OC 556:2. Shemirat [[Shabbat]] Kehilchata 62:45 writes that Birkei Yosef's ruling only applies to adults who are too ill to fast but a child should not recite [[havdala]] himself then, but should wait until after tisha b'av. </ref>
#If Tisha B'av falls out on Shabbat and is pushed off to Sunday, one may eat meat or drink wine on Monday. <ref>Rama 558:1, Halachos of the Three Weeks page 32. </ref> According to some poskim, one may even eat meat on Sunday night. <ref>Although the Rama writes that one should not eat meat on Sunday night in such a situation, Rabbi Meir Mazuz in the Ish Matzliach footnotes on the MB note 1, writes that some poskim are meikil. </ref> One may, get a haircut or do laundry immediately on Sunday night. <ref>Mishna Berura 558:4, Nitei Gavriel pg. 553 </ref>
#If Tisha BeAv falls out on Shabbat and is pushed off until Sunday, according to Sephardim, a pregnant woman or woman who is nursing may eat on the fast day. Nonetheless, they should not eat for pleasure.<ref>Chazon Ovadia (Arba Tzomot, p. 60)</ref>
#Someone who is sick and is therefore permitted to eati on Tisha BeAv that was pushed off to Sunday must recite [[Havdalah]] with the regular procedure prior to eating.<ref>Chazon Ovadia (Arba Tzomot, p. 352), Yalkut Yosef, Kitzur S"A, Volume 2, 556:7. See also Az Nidbaru 6:53:4 and Rivevot Efraim 3:371.</ref> One may fulfill his/her obligation to recite Havdalah even through someone who is permitted to eat on Tisha BeAv.<ref>Yalkut Yosef, Kitzur S"A, Volume 2, 556:7.</ref>
#If Tisha Beav falls out on Shabbat and is pushed off to Sunday then there is a dispute among the poskim as to whether or not a boy who becomes Bar Mitzvah on the 10th of Av is required to fast.<ref>Yalkut Yosef, Kitzur S"A, Volume 2, 556:9.</ref>
 
===Havdala on Motzaei Shabbat===
#If Tisha BeAv falls out on [[Shabbat]] and is pushed off to Sunday, the bracha of Boreh Meorei HaEsh upon a fire is made on [[Motzei Shabbat]] before the reading of Eicha (while Boreh Mineh/Isbeh/Atzeh Besamim is omitted<ref>Yalkut Yosef, Kitzur S"A, Volume 2, 556:6.</ref>), however, the bracha of [[Havdalah]] on a cup of wine is delayed until after Tisha BeAv, Sunday night. <ref>Shulchan Aruch 556:1. Mishna Brurah 556:3 adds that an adult can drink this wine. Yalkut Yosef, Kitzur S"A, Volume 2, 556:8, Yabia Omer, Volume 6, 48:13. </ref> An adult who is exempt from fasting should recite [[Havdalah]] on [[Motzei Shabbat]] before eating.<ref>[http://www.dailyhalacha.com/displayRead.asp?readID=2361 Rabbi Mansour on Dailyhalacha.com] quoting Yechave Daat 3:40, Chazon Ovadia (Arba Tzomot, p. 352), Yalkut Yosef, Kitzur S"A, Volume 2, 556:7. Birkei Yosef OC 556:2. Shemirat [[Shabbat]] Kehilchata 62:45 writes that Birkei Yosef's ruling only applies to adults who are too ill to fast but a child should not recite [[havdala]] himself then, but should wait until after tisha b'av. See also Az Nidbaru 6:53:4 and Rivevot Efraim 3:371. </ref> One may fulfill his/her obligation to recite Havdalah even through someone who is permitted to eat on Tisha BeAv.<ref>Yalkut Yosef, Kitzur S"A, Volume 2, 556:7.</ref>
==When Tisha BeAv falls out on Sunday==
#Although seudat shlishit is the seudat hamafseket before the fast, one should eat a regular meal. <ref>Shulchan Aruch 552:10 based on taanit 29b that says one may make a meal as extravagant as he pleases on the [[shabbat]] of the eighth or ninth of av. Mishna Brurah 552:23 adds though that although we cannot publicly display [[mourning]] on [[Shabbat]] one's mood should at least somewhat reflect the time. </ref> The meal must be finished before sunset. <ref>Rama 552:10 </ref> One may sit on chairs<ref>Mikraei Kodesh Hilchot Tisha B'av 10:7</ref> and a zimmun can be made.<ref>Mikraei Kodesh Hilchot Tisha B'av 10:9</ref>
#One may leave on one's leather shoes until right after [[Barchu]] at the beginning of [[Arvit]] of [[Motzei Shabbat]]. If one is taking off one's shoes after [[Barchu]] one should take them off with one's feet or by only touching the shoelaces so that one doesn't have to wash [[Netilat Yadayim]]. It's proper to have [[Arvit]] of [[Motzei Shabbat]] 30 minutes after sunset giving people time to change from their [[Shabbat]] clothing which they should do 20 minutes after sunset.<ref>Yalkut Yosef 556:4-5</ref>
#If Tisha BeAv falls on Motzae Shabbat then "tzidkatecha tzedek" should not be recited in Mincha of Shabbat.<ref>Yalkut Yosef, Kitzur S"A, Volume 2, 556:3</ref>
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