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666 bytes added ,  04:28, 19 December 2018
==Hargasha Nowadays==
# Nowadays most women do not feel any of these conditions. Nonetheless, the poskim assume that women who experience their period are a Niddah on a Biblical level.<ref>Aruch Hashulchan 183:61 writes that woman do still experience hargasha even if they testify otherwise. Igrot Moshe YD 4:17:12 writes that it is possible for woman to have a slight feeling of a hargasha and miss it. Either way he says that if a woman knows it is her flow she is a Niddah but if she finds blood and doesn't have any feeling of any hargasha it is only a ketem.</ref>
# The rules of ketamim do not apply to a bedika cloth even if she says that she didn't feel a hargasha.<ref>Taharat Habayit v. 1 p. 17</erfref>
==Feelings that are Confused with a Hargasha==
## If a woman urinated: A ketem on a wipe or tissue found after urinating if found immediately it is considered niddah blood but if it is found after a normal amount of time that a woman would wait to wipe for all of the drops to leave her it is only a ketem.<ref>Igrot Moshe YD 4:17:13</ref> A ketem found on tissue paper isn't a ketem since it isn't mekabel tumah.<ref>Igrot Moshe 4:17:14</ref>
## If a had tashmish
## If a woman did a bedika: Blood found on a bedika cloth according to most poskim is a safek deoritta and it might have come with a hargasha. Some hold it is only a doubt on a rabbinic level. Either way the rules of ketem do not apply.<ref>Taharat Habayit v. 1 p. 18 cites the Kereti 193:1 who presents two interpretations of Gemara Niddah 57b which differ on the point of whether the blood found with a bedika is a safek deoritta or derabbanan. He proves from the Rambam Isurei Biyah 5:5 and Trumat Hadeshen 47 that it is a safek deoritta. He also cites the Shulchan Aruch Harav Kuntres Acharon 183:2 Rabbi Akiva Eiger 62, and Aruch Hashulchan 183:55 agree that it is a safek deoritta</ref>
# If a woman was involved in one of those activities and states that she is certain that she didn't have a hargasha according to some opinions she is credible. However, many poskim are strict and say even in such a case there is a concern that the hargasha was masked and the blood is judged as though it came out with a hargasha.<ref>See Sidrei Tahara 183:1</ref>
# Any blood found on a bedika cloth even if she says that she didn't have a hargasha is treated as though it is possibly Biblical and the leniencies of ketem do no apply.<ref>Taharat Habayit v. 1 p. 17</ref>

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