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Kli SheMelachto LeIsser

26 bytes added, 17 July
For it’s permitted use
# Many authorities hold that a [[Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur]] item shouldn’t be used for a permitted use if there’s a permitted item available that serves the same function, yet some argue and one has what to rely on. <Ref> Mishna Brurah 308:12 writes that if there’s another permitted kli available one shouldn’t use the [[Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur]]. The following achronim bring this Mishna Brurah as halacha: Kaf HaChaim 308:22, Igrot Moshe O”C 5:21(12), Sh”t Shevet HaLevi 1:127(9), and Sh”t Az Nidbaru 8:31,64. However, the Kesot Hashulchan (Badei HaShulchan 108:14), and Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 20:8 question the Mishna Brurah and leave it unresolved (the Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata says it’s preferable to use the other permitted kli). Lastly, the Sh”t Bear Moshe 8:74-5, Daat Torah 308:3, Yalkut Yosef ([[Shabbat]] vol 2 pg 413), Chazon Ovadia v. 3 p. 50, Megilat Sefer Shabbat p. 257, and Sh”t [[Tefillah]] LeMoshe 1:17 rule against the Mishna Brurah that even if there’s a permitted item to use, one may use the forbidden one. </ref>
#Some define ‘available’ as within the same room, meaning, that there’s if there’s a Kli Sh’Melachto LeHeter in the same room as a [[Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur]], one must use the Kli Sh’Melachto LeHeter, however, if the permitted one is in another room, one may use the [[Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur]]. <Ref> Sefer Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 38) in the name of Rav Moshe Feinstein. [A similar idea is found in Sh”t Chesev HaEfod 3:80 (quoted by Piskei Teshuvot 308:5) and Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata (chapter 20 note 19).]</ref>
# It’s permitted to move the [[Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur]] for a permitted use even if one’s primary intent is to move the object to protect it from breaking. Some limit to where there’s a loss of money. <Ref> Magen Avraham 308:8 and Mishna Brurah 308:16 write that as long as one uses the [[Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur]] for a permitted use even if one’s primary intent is to move the [[Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur]] for it’s protection it’s permissible. However, the The Aruch HaShulchan 308:14 (quoted limits this leniency to where there’s a loss of money as halacha is in the case of the source and Magen Avraham. Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] pg 40) limits this leniency to where there’s a loss of moneyagrees. </ref>
# Permitted purposes include: hammer to crack a nut, using a match to pick one’s teeth, or using a needle to extract a thorn. <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 20:8 </ref>
# Using something as a paperweight is considered a Tzorech Gufo. <Ref> Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 50) </ref>
# A [[Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur]] can be moved in order that a Jew use it for a permissible purpose, however, one may not move a [[Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur]] for a non-Jew. <Ref>Magen Avraham 308:18, Mishna Brurah 308:34 </ref>
# It’s permitted to move a [[Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur]] in order to give it to another person who will use it for a permitted purpose or if one needs to use it in a permissible way for an animal. <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 20:9 </ref>
# It’s permissible to move a hammer on a table that one needs to spread a tablecloth on. Similarly, a hammer that’s on a tablecloth may be removed in over order to remove the tablecloth. <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 20:10 </ref>
# However, one may not move the hammer on the table simply because it disturbs one’s peace of mind. <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 20:10 </ref>

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