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# One should be careful not to spill any liquid or even to spit on plants on Shabbos. <ref> 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 267-8) </ref>
# Urinating on a plant isn't a violation of Zoreah (because the caustic fluid doesn't help the plant). <ref>S"A 336:3, Mishna Brurah 336:28, 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 267-8) </ref>See the halacha about urinating into dirt (Melachet Lash).
==Potted plants==
# If one has an indoor plant one may not open the curtains in order to allow the plant to get sunlight. Similarly it’s forbidden to open a window near a plant in order to improve the ventilation for the plant. However, it is permitted to open the curtains or open a window if it is done in order to brighten or ventilate the room and the plant only benefits indirectly. <Ref>39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 274) </ref>
# If is forbidden to move a potted plant onto soil or grass nor may one hang a potted plant above soil or grass. <Ref>39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 275). See Mishna Brurah 336:34. </ref>
# Many authorities forbid handling a potted plant on Shabbat even if it doesn’t improve it’s growth, while some are lenient. <Ref>39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 275) quotes Shevitat Shabbat (Kotzer 5) and that he heard in the name of Rav Moshe Feinstein that potted plants are Muktzeh, however, he adds that it seems from other sources that it wouldn’t be an issue.</ref>
# If a potted plant fell over one may sweep the dirt but one may not put it back into the plant pot. <Ref>39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 276) based on Mishna Brurah 337:12 and Biur Halacha 337 D”h VeYesh </ref>
===Removing a Sukkah covering===
# If it rained and water collected on a Sukkah covering (shlock) and by removing the covering the water will spill onto grass it is only permitted to remove the cover if the grass is fully saturated (such as after it rained steadily for a long time and the ground hasn’t begun to dry). However, if the grass isn’t fully saturated one may not remove the covering if by doing so one will spill rainwater on the grass. <ref>39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 268-70) </ref>
==Putting flowers in a vase==
# A bouquet of flower isn’t usually Muktzeh. Some authorities permit putting fully bloomed flowers in water on Shabbat, while others forbid in any event. Therefore, one should avoid putting any flowers in water on Shabbat.
# It is permissible to remove flowers from water on Shabbat <ref>39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 276-7) quoting Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 26:29</ref>and if a fully bloomed flower was removed and it was in water from before Shabbat it is permissible to reinsert it. <ref>39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 276-7). See S”A 336:11. </ref> </ref>
# One may not put tree branches in a vase with water on Shabbat; however, one may return them to water unless there are flowers on the branches. On Shabbat one may not add water to a vase with flowers or branches; however, on Yom Tov one may add water. <Ref>S”A 654:1, Mishna Brurah 336:54, Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 26:26 </ref>

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