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Brachot on Sights

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# For seeing a brilliant non-Jewish secular scholar the Bracha is Baruch Atta…SheNatan MeChachmato LeBasar VeDam. <Ref>S”A 224:7 </ref> Some say that there’s a minhag not to make this Bracha nowadays. <Ref>Piskei Teshuvot 224:5 writes that the minhag is not to make this Bracha since some say that one should make the Bracha on non-Jews that don’t keep the 7 מצות of Bnei Noach </ref>
==Bracha for seeing a king or queen==
Upon seeing a king or queen who is jewish we recite "baruch... shechalak mikvodo liyireav. If he is not jewish you recite "baruch... shenatan mikvodo libriyotav. <ref> Berachot 58a </ref># NowadaysIt is questionable if nowadays one should still make this beracha, and therefore one shouldn’t make the Bracha upon seeing a king, queen, president, or prime minister, however, one may make this Bracha without Shem UMalchut. <Ref> Rav Ovadia Yosef Yechave Daat 2:28 cites the Radvaz 1:296 as well as the Orchot Chaim Berachot 49 that say that this beracha is recited on any monarch with enough power to execute or pardon from execution. This would apply to the president of the US. Rav Ovadia says that this is halacha but quotes several poskim who say that it doesn't apply if they are in normal clothing, and therefore says to say it without shem umalchut. See Piskei Teshuvot 224:6,7, See there. Berachot 58a states that upon seeing a Jewish king you recite "shechalak mikvodo liyireav," and upon seeing a non-jewish king you recite "shenatan mikvodo libriyotav." Rav Moshe Shternbuch in Tshuvot vihanhagot 2:139 rules that since the obligation is based on the honor given to that monarch, that one should in fact recite the beracha upon seeing the monarch of modern day England, even a female despite the fact that we don't allow for a Jewish monarch to be a women. </ref>#Seeing the monarch on television would not obligate you in the beracha. <ref> Yechave Daat 2:28 compares it to saying birkat halevana upon seeing the moon in the mirror, which we do not do based on the gemara in rosh hashana 24b and birkei yosef Choshen Mishpat 35:11 </ref>
==Bracha for seeing a cemetery==
# For seeing a Jewish cemetery the Bracha is Baruch Atta…Asher Yatzer Etchem…Mechaye Maytim. ''ברוך אתה ה' אלוקינו מלך העולם, אשר יצר אתכם בדין ודן אתכם בדין וכלכל אתכם בדין והחיה אתכם בדין, ואסף אתכם בדין, ויודע מספר כולכם, ועתיד להחיותכם ולהקימכם בדין לחיי העולם הבא, ברוך אתה ה' מחיה המתים'' <ref> S”A 224:12, Mishna Brurah 224:17, Piskei Teshuvot 224:10, Yalkut Yosef (vol 3 pg 604) </ref> This Bracha can be made for seeing it through glass and so if one see a cemetery from a car while driving one can make this Bracha. <Ref> Piskei Teshuvot 224:10, Yalkut Yosef (vol 3 pg 605) </ref> Some say that one may make the Bracha even after leaving the sight as long as one is still effected and impacted by it. <ref>Halichot Shlomo 23:26 (in the footnote) writes that if one didn't make the bracha immediately upon seeing the Jewish cemetery, one may make the bracha as long as the sight effects oneself. </ref>

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