Changes

Jump to: navigation, search

Boneh

212 bytes added, 10:22, 4 March 2012
m
Text replace - "Shabbat" to "Shabbat"
# Putting down a large area rug which is meant to remain there for more than 7 days is forbidden as it is considered something that can become nullified to the floor. <ref>39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 4, pg 1017 and 1019) explains that since it is only a loose addition it doesn't become nullified to the floor unless it is put there for 7 days. </ref>
# Tiling a floor, wallpapering a room, installing a doorknob are all forbidden as adding to an existing structure. <ref>39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 4, pg 1016-7) </ref>
# According to many poskim it is permitted to rehang a picture that fell on [[Shabbat ]] as long as the picture isn't expensive and rare. <ref>39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 4, pg 1019) explains that that according to many opinions hanging a picture isn't a violation of adding to a existing structure because it retains it's own function similar to putting a potted plant on the floor or a vessel in the breakfront even though it will remain for a long time. On pg 1038 he writes that it's permissible to rehang it unless it is a expensive and rare painting because it would be muktzah and according to some poskim it's muktzeh once it was attached during the onset of [[Shabbat]]. </ref> # One should not replace a mezuzah that fell on [[Shabbat ]] because of issues of adding to an existing structure and muktzeh. However, if it is lying on the floor one pick it up in a abnormal way such as by using the palms of both hands. <ref>39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 4, pg 1038) </ref>
==Digging a hole==
==Building a tent==
# It’s forbidden to set up the roof of a tent, permanent or temporary, on [[Shabbat]], even if one there are no walls. Additionally, it’s forbidden to add onto a tent structure, however, a temporary addition to an existing structure is permitted. <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 24:1-2 </ref># It is forbidden to set up a tent out of blankets even if it is meant to be temporary. <Ref>Menuchat Ahava (vol 3, 23:8), Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 24:1-2 </ref>
===Adding an existing structure===
# It’s permitted to make a temporary addition to an exisiting tent. Therefore, if there is a Tefach of roof already opened before [[Shabbat ]] one may continue to add a temporary addition to that roof, but one should only add to the existing roof starting from the side which is already roofed. <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 24:6 </ref># One may not put a mat on top of polls or walls even if the mat is rolled up if there is a Tefach of width to the roll of the mat. Even if the rolled mat was put there before [[Shabbat ]] one may not unroll it on [[Shabbat]], however, if a Tefach of the mat was already unrolled then it is permitted to continue to unroll it on [[Shabbat]]. <ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 24:5, 7 </ref>
===Roof which is attached===
# If a roof was attached before [[Shabbat ]] with hinges or another permanent connection it is permitted to spread out that roof (which was attached) on [[Shabbat]]. <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 24:13 </ref># It is permitted to open the hood of a baby carriage if it was attached from before [[Shabbat]], however, it was attached on [[Shabbat ]] one may not spread it one [[Shabbat]]. Once the hood is open it is permitted to add a temporary additional roof but one should start to add to that roof from the side which is already covered (by the hood). <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 24:13 </ref>
===Umbrella===
# The Rabbis forbad opening and closing an umbrella on [[Shabbat]]. Furthermore, they forbad using an umbrella that’s already opened from before [[Shabbat]]. <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 24:15 </ref>
===Mechitza===
# It’s permissible to set up a partition as a mechitzah in shul between men and women on [[Shabbat]]. <ref>Yalkut Yosef (vol 2, 315, pg 531) </ref>
===Pot covers===
It is permitted to cover or remove the cover on a pot on [[Shabbat]]. <ref>Yalkut Yosef (pg 506) </ref> Some say that one may not cover a pot which is larger than 40 seah. <Ref>Or Letzion (vol 2, chap 28:5) </ref>
===Glasses===
# Some poskim permit a glasses lenses to be replaced by a non-professional <ref>Yalkut Yosef (pg 512) </ref> while others forbid. <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 15:77 </ref>
===Pictures===
# Some say that on [[Shabbat ]] it’s permitted to hang or remove a picture on a nail already in the wall. <Ref>Yalkut Yosef (pg 527) </ref>
===Bottle caps===
# Some are lenient. <Ref>Yalkut Yosef (pg 517) </ref>
# Some are lenient. <Ref>Yalkut Yosef (pg 515) </ref>
===Watches===
# It is forbidden to wind a watch which has stopped working on [[Shabbat]]. <ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 28:19 </ref> Some say that one may wind it if it is still working. <ref> Yalkut Yosef (pg 512) </ref>
===Shtender===
# Some say that it is permitted to adjust the height of a shtender if (1) the parts aren’t held tightly and (2) the parts are frequently opened and closed (as is common which shtenders in shul). However, if the parts fit tightly or it isn’t opened and closed frequently (as is common which shtenders in a house) it’s forbidden. The pieces are considered held loosely if one isn’t considered if the parts move around where they are joined. <Ref>Or Letzion (vol 2, 27:3) </ref> However, some poskim are lenient in all cases. <Ref>Yalkut Yosef (314, pg 504) </ref>
===Play pen===
# Some sat that it is permitted to set up a baby’s play pen only if (1) the parts aren’t held tightly and (2) the parts are frequently opened and closed. However, if the parts fit tightly or it isn’t opened and closed frequently it’s forbidden. The pieces are considered held loosely if one isn’t considered if the parts move around where they are joined. <Ref>Or Letzion (vol 2, 27:1) </ref> However, some permit it if it is used frequently. <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 24:23 </ref># It is forbidden to cover a play pen with a blanket to protect it from the sun or bugs. However if the blanket was spread over the pen from before [[Shabbat ]] at least a tefach in width (not including the part which was rolled up) then one may spread it out fully on [[Shabbat]]. One should make sure not to remove the blanket totally rather leave at least a Tefach spread out. <ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 24:9 </ref>
===Baby basket===
# It is permitted to adjust the height of a baby’s basket if (1) the parts aren’t held tightly and (2) the parts are frequently opened and closed. However, if the parts fit tightly or it isn’t opened and closed frequently it’s forbidden. The pieces are considered held loosely if one isn’t considered if the parts move around where they are joined. <Ref>Or Letzion (vol 2, 27:1) </ref>
===Sukkah Schlock===
# It is permitted to put a rainproof cover (like a plastic tarp) on top of the Sachach of a Sukkah on [[Yom Tov]], however, when doing so one should be careful not to move the Sachach because it is Muktzeh. <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 24:10 </ref>
===Folding table===
# It is permitted to open a folding table. <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 24:23 </ref># It’s permitted to add a table leaf to extend a table on [[Shabbat]], however, one should take it apart unless one needs the space on that [[Shabbat]]. <ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 24:23, Practical Laws of [[Shabbat ]] (Rabbi Rafeal Soae, vol 2, pg 146) </ref># One should not remove a drawer from a table if there’s a depth of a Tefach in the drawer, however, it is permitted to remove a drawer from a dresser because even after removing the drawer there still remains a roofed structure in the dresser. <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 24:24 (and note 85) </ref># It is permitted to spread a tablecloth even if it hangs over the side of the table. <Ref>Mishna Brurah 315:31, Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 24:25 </ref>
===Beds===
# It is permitted to spread a bed sheet even if it hangs over the side of the bed. <Ref>Mishna Brurah 315:31, Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 24:25 </ref># It is forbidden to put together a crib on [[Shabbat]]. <ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 24:23 </ref>
==Building a wall==
# It’s forbidden to build a permanent wall which means that it is meant to last a few days. <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 24:26 </ref># It is permitted to erect a temporary wall even to protect from the sun or wind; for example it’s permitted to set up temporary walls around a sick person’s bed <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 24:27 </ref># It’s permitted to place a cloth in place of a broken window, but one may not use nails or thumbtacks. <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 24:27 </ref># It’s permitted to set up a Parochet (curtain) in front of the Aron in Shul on [[Shabbat ]] as long as it doesn’t have a width of a Tefach as a roof. Some only permit if there are doors besides the curtain while others forbid unless there are doors. <Ref>Rama 315:1, Mishna Brurah 315:7 </ref> If it is a large Parochet it should only be put up by two people so that it doesn’t fold over and form a tent on [[Shabbat]]. <ref>S”A 315:12, Mishna Brurah 315:8 </ref>
===Curtains===
# It’s permitted to set up a curtain in place of a door even if it’s attached at the bottom and top only if it is meant to be set up temporarily (less than a few days). <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 24:27 </ref> # Some permit setting up a curtain even for many days (permanently) if it is only attached at the top and not the bottom. However, others hold that this is biblically forbidden. Even according to those who permit when put up a large curtain one must make sure to put it up with two people so that it doesn’t fold over while trying to put it up and when it folds over it will form a tent on [[Shabbat]]. <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 24:28 quotes the opinion of the Rama 315:1 and Mishna Brurah 315:6 as being lenient against the Chazon Ish 52:13 who is strict, but don’t resolve or take a side in the dispute. The Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata insists on putting it up with two people based on the S”A 315:12 </ref># Setting up a curtain in place of a window is the same as a door (if it’s temporary it’s permitted, if it’s permanent some permit if one only attaches it at the top while others forbid.) <ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 24:29 </ref>
==References==
<references/>

Navigation menu