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Sechar Shabbat

192 bytes added, 11:05, 4 March 2012
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Text replace - "Shabbat" to "Shabbat"
==Upon whom is the prohibition?==
# The Rabbis forbad receiving wages for (permissible) work done on [[Shabbat]]. <ref>S”A 306:4, Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 28:54 </ref># The primary prohibition applies to the one receiving the wages however it’s also forbidden to pay these wages (for permissible work) because one transgresses “Lifnei Iver”. <Ref>Mishna Brurah 306:21, Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 28:54 </ref>
==What is included?==
# It’s forbidden to receive payment for any service or rental over [[Shabbat ]] (such as renting one's house for a specific number of days), however, if one purchases something on [[Shabbat ]] (in cases where it’s permissible) one must pay the amount owed after [[Shabbat]]. <ref>Mishna Brurah 306:19, Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 28:57 </ref># One may not receive payment for renting out a room for [[Shabbat ]] specifically, rather one should stipulate that the rental should begin a little before [[Shabbat ]] or a little after [[Shabbat ]] and certainly for a few days amongst them [[Shabbat]]. <ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 28:71 </ref># One may rent out a car even if the rental is paid per day and includes [[Shabbat ]] because the rental is paid for every 24 hour day from morning to morning and automatically in the payment for [[Shabbat ]] is also a few hours after [[Shabbat]]. <ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 28:67 </ref>
==Permissible way to receive payment==
# It is permissible to receive payment for work done over a period of time such as a month, week, or year even if [[Shabbat ]] is included. <Ref> S”A 306:4, Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 28:64 (in the footnote he explains that the gezerah is only because one may could to write down the transaction and the Rabbis didn’t extend it to a case where one receives wages over a period of time because one will not come to write about the transaction of [[Shabbat ]] specifically). </ref> According to Ashkenazim, this is only true if each side sees it as an agreement which is intended to last, however, if it’s seen as a temporary agreement and the either side could retract and only pay wages for each day, it’s not permissible to receive wages for the [[Shabbat]]. <ref>Rama 306:4, Mishna Brurah 306:20, Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] KeHilchata 28:64 </ref>
===Baby sitter===
# Someone watching children every [[Shabbat ]] can receive the wages as a gift. <ref> Sh”t Bear Moshe 5:103 </ref>
===Doctor===
# A doctor can receive wages for a call he did on [[Shabbat]]. <Ref> Sh”t Teshuvot Vehanhagot 1:214, Sh”t Bear Moshe 5:102, Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] Kehilchata 28:67 (based on Mishna Brurah 306:24), Menuchat Ahava 10:28, Kaf Hachaim 306:36. </ref>
===Chazzan, Bal Koreh, Mashgiach===
# A chazzan, bal koreh, or mashgiach who are only working on [[Shabbat ]] can receive wages, but it’s better that it’s mixed with payment for some work done on a weekday. <Ref> Sh”t Yabea Omer O”C 5:25 says that since S”A 585:5 says one won’t see any bracha in the money it implies that it’s not forbidden, however S”A 306:5 is strict about this so perhaps S"A retracted from his stringent position. Yalkut Yosef ([[Shabbat ]] vol 2, pg 121) writes that the minhag is to be lenient to hire Chazanim just for [[Shabbat ]] as long as one doesn’t speak about the amount on [[Shabbat]]. Nonetheless one doesn’t see Bracha from that money and so one should use that money for buying sefarim or the like. Sh”t Tzitz Eliezer 7:28(7), Sh”T Shevet Hakehati 2:103 say if the chazzan or Rabbi spends time prepares for that [[Shabbat ]] on the weekday it’s certainly permitted. Sh”t Shaarei Ezra allows a Mohel to accept payment as it’s a dvar mitzvah but preferably he should visit the baby before or after [[Shabbat ]] so the payment is mixed with permissible payment. </ref>
==Renting to a non-Jew==
# Sephardim may rent to a non-Jew an object on Friday which will be used for a Melacha Deoritta (biblically forbidden activity on [[Shabbat]]) as long as the non-Jew has time to remove it from the Jew’s house. Ashkenazim should not rent such an object except on Thursday or earlier in the week. <Ref>Menuchat Ahava (vol 1, chap 19 #4) based on S”A and Rama 246:1 </ref>
==Paying for services==
# One can pay (after [[Shabbat]]) for going into a mikveh on shabbat, or staying at a hotel on [[Shabbat]]. <Ref> Sh”t Nodeh Beyehuda O”C 26, Sh”T Mishnat Halachot 10:65 since the work to prepare the mikveh before [[Shabbat ]] and cleaning it after [[Shabbat ]] is enough so that the payment is considered mixed with permitted payment. Concerning the hotel, so rule Sh”t HaElef Lecha Shlomo 125 since it’s payment for the stay mixed with payment for cleaning the room before and after [[Shabbat]]. </ref># One can pay for a ticket to the zoo before [[Shabbat ]] for a visit on [[Shabbat ]] (this is only in terms of wages on [[Shabbat]], but in terms of kedushat [[Shabbat ]] it’s preferable to sanctify [[Shabbat ]] with Torah and mitzvoth). <Ref> Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] Kehilchata 28:65 </ref># One can switch a rotation of a guard or cleaning duty to work on [[Shabbat ]] instead of a weekday. <Ref> Shemirat [[Shabbat ]] Kehilchata 28:55 the work he’s doing isn’t for a wage but just to exempt himself from working another day. </ref>==Interest over [[Shabbat]]==# Interest in a bank accrued on [[Shabbat ]] is permitted. <Ref> [[Shabbat ]] Kehilchata 20:8. [The Mishna Brurah 306:19 writes that one may not take interest from a non-Jew for money lent for [[Shabbat ]] unless one doesn’t specify a number of days but only a number of weeks.] see Bayit Hayehudi 5:22(11) and BeYitzchak Yikra on Mishna Brurah 306:19 </ref>
==Sources==
<references/>

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