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Kli SheMelachto LeIsser

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Text replace - "Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata " to "Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata "
# It’s forbidden to move a Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur for the purposes of the object itself such as to prevent it from getting broken or being stolen. <Ref> S”A 308:3 </ref>
# Once the Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur is in one’s hand, one may place it wherever he chooses. <Ref> Mishna Brurah 308:13, Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 234), Yalkut Yosef (Kitzur S”A 308:109) </ref>
# If one has intent to pick up the object in order to move it for ‘need of the place’ or for the ‘need of the object’ it’s permissible to pick it up, even if one’s primary intent is really to protect the object from breaking or theft. <Ref>Mishna Brurah 308:16, Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 20:12 </ref># If a Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur is picked up in a permitted way one may move it to any place one wishes. <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 20:10 </ref>
====for it’s permitted use====
# Many authorities hold that a Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur item shouldn’t be used for a permitted use if there’s a permitted item available that serves the same function, yet some argue and one has what to rely on. <Ref> Mishna Brurah 308:12 writes that if there’s another permitted kli available one shouldn’t use the Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur. The following achronim bring this Mishna Brurah as halacha: Kaf HaChaim 308:22, Igrot Moshe O”C 5:21(12), Sh”t Shevet HaLevi 1:127(9), and Sh”t Az Nidbaru 8:31,64. However, the Badei HaShulchan 108:14, and Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 20:8 question the Mishna Brurah and leave it unresolved (the Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata says it’s preferable to use the other permitted kli). Lastly, the Sh”t Bear Moshe 8:74-5, Daat Torah 308:3, Yalkut Yosef ([[Shabbat]] vol 2 pg 413) and Sh”t Tefillah LeMoshe 1:17 rule against the Mishna Brurah that even if there’s a permitted item to use, one may use the forbidden one. </ref> #Some define ‘available’ as within the same room, meaning, that there’s if there’s a Kli Sh’Melachto LeHeter in the same room as a Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur, one must use the Kli Sh’Melachto LeHeter, however, if the permitted one is in another room, one may use the Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur. <Ref> Sefer Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 38) in the name of Rav Moshe Feinstein. [A similar idea is found in Sh”t Chesev HaEfod 3:80 (quoted by Piskei Teshuvot 308:5) and Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata (chapter 20 note 19).]</ref>
# It’s permitted to move the Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur for a permitted use even if one’s primary intent is to move the object to protect it from breaking. Some limit to where there’s a loss of money. <Ref> Magan Avraham 308:8 and Mishna Brurah 308:16 write that as long as one uses the Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur for a permitted use even if one’s primary intent is to move the Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur for it’s protection it’s permissible. However, the Aruch HaShulchan 308:14 (quoted as halacha in Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] pg 40) limits this leniency to where there’s a loss of money. </ref>
# Permitted purposes include: hammer to crack a nut, using a match to pick one’s teeth, or using a needle to extract a thorn. <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 20:8 </ref>
# Using something as a paperweight is considered a Tzorech Gufo. <Ref> Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 50) </ref>
# A Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur can be moved in order that a Jew use it for a permissible purpose, however, one may not move a Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur for a non-Jew. <Ref>Magan Avraham 308:18, Mishna Brurah 308:34 </ref>
# It’s permitted to move a Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur in order to give it to another person who will use it for a permitted purpose or if one needs to use it in a permissible way for an animal. <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 20:9 </ref># It’s permissible to move a hammer on a table that one needs to spread a tablecloth on. Similarly, a hammer that’s on a tablecloth may be removed in over to remove the tablecloth. <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 20:10 </ref># However, one may not move the hammer on the table simply because it disturbs one’s peace of mind. <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 20:10 </ref>
====for it’s space====
# It’s permitted to move a Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur if the space it is occupied is needed for some permitted purpose i.e. clearing a chair to sit. <Ref> Sefer Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 39) in explanation of a need of the space </ref>
# It’s permitted to move a Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur if the object is in the way of getting something for a permitted purpose i.e. clearing a bookshelf ledge to get a book. <Ref> Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 20:10, Sefer Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 39) in explanation of a need of the space. </ref># Many authorities hold that moving a Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur to clean up clutter isn’t considered moving an item for its space and therefore it’s forbidden to move a Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur item just to declutter. <Ref> Sh”t Igrot Moshe O”C 5:22-31, Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 20:10, Rav Elyashiv in Shalmei Yehuda (pg 11), and Sh”t Az Nidabru all hold that moving an item to clean up clutter isn’t considered moving an item because its space is needed. Similarly, Yalkut Yosef ([[Shabbat]] vol 2 pg 415-6) writes that one should really not move a Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur just to clean up for guests unless it’s done with a shinui but concludes that those who lenient have what to rely on. See Sh”t Machazeh Eliyahu 46 who is lenient. </ref> For example, it’s forbidden to move a pen from a table so that the table is clean for kavod [[Shabbat]]. <Ref> Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (answers of Rav Moshe#6), this is also quoted in Yalkut Yosef ([[Shabbat]] vol 2 pg 416) </ref>
# Some authorities hold that a Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur item shouldn’t be moved for it’s space if another space is available that serves the same purpose. <Ref> Sh”t Shevet HaLevi 1:127(9) makes no difference between the need for the object and the need for it’s space, in both cases one may only use it if another permitted one isn’t available. Sh”t Az Nidbaru 8:64 agrees but writes that the Mishna Brurah 308:12 didn’t spell this out since it’s obvious that if there’s another space available that’ll serve the same purpose of the space that the Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur occupies that the Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur shouldn’t be moved. </ref>
# If one has a certain insistence on using the space that the Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur occupies specifically and not another space that’s available, one may move the Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur. <Ref> Sh”t Az Nidbaru 8:64, Yalkut Yosef ([[Shabbat]] vol 2, pg 414-5) </ref>
# Many permit moving a Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur by asking a non-Jew to move it. <Ref> Mishna Brurah 308:15, Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 40), however, Yalkut Yosef ([[Shabbat]] vol 2 pg 409) writes that this leniency should only be relied on if there’s a great need or great financial loss. </ref>
# Some suggest that by placing a permitted item (e.g. piece of food) on a Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur, one would be permitted to move the Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur. According to Ashekenazim, this leniency isn’t accepted unless there’s a great loss, whereas Sephardim hold that this leniency applies in all cases. <Ref> The Rosh (in his teshuvot#22, quoted by Bet Yosef 308:4) writes that a grinder may be moved if you place any permissible item (like bread) on the grinder and the same is true of a pot. However, the Rashba ([[Shabbat]] 123a) argues that the grinder may only be moved if there’s some of the food that’s normally put in the grinder such as garlic and so too cooked food in a pot. S”A 308:4 seems to rule like the Rosh, however, the achronim including the Taz 308:4 and Mishna Brurah 308:26 argue that one should be strict like the Rashba. Nonetheless, the Yalkut Yosef holds like S”A. </ref>
# If Tefillin have fallen or an in a degrading position, or an in danger of falling or coming into a degrading position it’s permissible to move the Tefillin. <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 20:14 </ref>
===Examples===
* cassette (off) <ref> See ‘Electronics’ </ref>
* cell phone (off) <ref> See ‘Electronics’ </ref>
* cigarettes <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 20:16 </ref>* combs <ref> The Weekly Halacha Discussion (vol 2 pg 338), Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 20:16 </ref>
* cooking spoon <ref> Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 47) writes that a spoon depends on the same criteria as does the pot and so a cooking spoon is Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur. </ref>
* crayons <ref> The Weekly Halacha Discussion (vol 2 pg 338) </ref>
* empty kettles <ref> The Weekly Halacha Discussion (vol 2 pg 338) considers it’s Kli SheMelachto LeIssur. [This ruling is most similar to empty cooking pots that are never used for serving which according to all are considered Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur.] </ref>
* empty cooking pots that are never used for serving food <ref> Yalkut Yosef (Kitzur S”A 308:105) writes that according to all opinions the pot is considered Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur. So holds Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 43 note 25(2)). </ref>
* fans (on) <ref> Sh”t Igrot Moshe O”C 5:22(22), 3:49, Sh”t Az Nidbaru 8:33, Rabbi Ovadyah Yosef (Halichot Olam pg 194), and Rav Elyashiv (quoted by Shalmei Yehuda pg 37, 51), however Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach in Shalmei Yehuda (pg 51) doesn’t consider a fan Muktzeh at all. Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 13:35 permits moving the direction of the blades of the fan. Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 52) quotes Rav Moshe and Rav Shlomo Zalman who permit moving the fan’s direction even to move the breeze away from him. However, Sh”t Bear Moshe 8:31 holds that it’s only permissible to turn the fan blades if one is directing the air towards him, but to direct the blades away from him would be forbidden. </ref>
* fireplace accessories (poker, shovel) <ref> Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 50) </ref>
* flashlight (off) <ref> See ‘Electronics’ </ref>
* grater <ref> Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 47) quoting Kitzur S”A 88:5</ref>
* grinder <ref> Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 47) quoting Kitzur S”A 88:5</ref>
* hammers <ref> The Weekly Halacha Discussion (vol 2 pg 338). Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 20:13 writes that it’s a Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur even if it’s brand new. </ref>
* hourglass <ref> Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 54), see ‘egg-timer’ </ref>
* iron (off) <ref> See ‘Electronics’ </ref>
* matchsticks <ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 20:13 writes that it’s a Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur even if it’s brand new. </ref>
* mops and pails <ref> The Weekly Halacha Discussion (vol 2 pg 338) </ref>
* mp3 (off) <ref> See ‘Electronics’ </ref>
* needles (sewing or knitting needles) <ref> S”A 308:11, Mishna Brurah 308:46, Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 47) </ref>
* oil lamp (not burning at onset of [[Shabbat]]) <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 20:16 </ref>* pens <ref> Sh”t Igrot Moshe O”C 5:22(32), Rav Elyashiv in Shalmei Yehuda (pg 197), Yalkut Yosef ([[Shabbat]] vol 2 pg 405), Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata pg 20:1 ans 5 </ref>
* pencil sharpeners <ref> The Weekly Halacha Discussion (vol 2 pg 338) </ref>
* pot covers <ref> Brit Olam (Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur #4), Shalmei Yehuda (pg 98), Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 47), Minchat [[Shabbat]] 88:22(4), Yalkut Yosef ([[Shabbat]] Vol 2 pg 406) </ref>
* radio (off) <ref> See ‘Electronics’ </ref>
* rolling pin <ref> Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 47), The Weekly Halacha Discussion (vol 2 pg 338) </ref>
* rulers <ref> Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 49) includes postage scales, food scales, and bathroom scales in the category of Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur since it’s forbidden to weigh an object on [[Shabbat]]. So writes the Weekly Halacha Discussion (vol 2 pg 338) and Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 20:16. </ref>
* rowboat and oars <ref> Sefer Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 29) </ref>
* scales <ref> Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 49), The Weekly Halacha Discussion (vol 2 pg 338) </ref>
* scrabble <ref> Sefer Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 24) considers it keli sh’melachto le’issur since it’s a game which involves writing down the score. </ref>
* scissors <ref> The Weekly Halacha Discussion (vol 2 pg 338). Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 20:13 writes that it’s a Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur even if it’s brand new. </ref>
* screwdrivers <ref> The Weekly Halacha Discussion (vol 2 pg 338) </ref>
* shofar <Ref>Rama 308:4, Mishna Brurah 308:25 write that a shofer is Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur but Shalmei Yehuda (pg 32) quoting Rav Elyashiv and Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata (pg 361) quoting Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach note that for most people the shofar is expensive and wouldn’t be used for anything else and so should be Muktzeh Machmat Chisaron Kis. </ref> * soap <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 20:16 </ref>
* staplers <ref> The Weekly Halacha Discussion (vol 2 pg 338) </ref>
* strainer <ref> Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 47) quoting Kitzur S”A 88:5</ref>
* tape-measure <ref> Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 48) </ref>
* tape recorder (off) <ref>See ‘Electronics’ </ref>
* Tefillin <Ref>Bet Yosef 308:4 and Rama 308:4 consider Tefillin to be Kli Sh’Melachto LeHeter, while the Magan Avraham 308:11 and Taz 308:3 consider it to be Kli Sh’Melachto LeIssur and so holds the Mishna Brurah 308:24 unless there’s a great need. Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 20:14 also rules that Tefillin is Kli SheMelachto LeIssur. </ref>* telephone books <ref> Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata (20:17, pg 239) </ref>* thermometer <ref> Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 40:3, Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 49) </ref>
* toaster (off)<ref> See ‘Electronics’ </ref>
* tricycles <ref> Sefer Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 24) in name of Rav Moshe Feinstein since they are designated for children’s use. </ref>
* vacuum cleaner (off)<ref> See ‘Electronics’ </ref>
* washing powder <Ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 20:16 </ref>
* whistles <ref> The Weekly Halacha Discussion (vol 2 pg 338) </ref>
* yard stick <ref> Tiltulei [[Shabbat]] (pg 48) </ref>

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