Template:Stroller Hood on Shabbat

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  1. It is permitted to open the hood of a baby carriage or stroller if it was attached from before Shabbat, however, if it was attached on Shabbat one may not spread it on Shabbat. Once the hood is open it is permitted to add a temporary additional roof but one should start to add to that roof from the side which is already covered (by the hood).[1] It is permitted to add a rain cover on Shabbat even if the hood was opened on Shabbat.[2]
  2. While R' Moshe Feinstein ZT"L[3] held that the hood needs to be opened one Tefach (approx. 3.75 inches) prior to Shabbos, many other Poskim[4] permitted it no matter what, claiming that there is no issue of Assiyas Ohel (making a covering).
  3. If there is a stroller hood which was open a tefach it is permitted to add
    1. Chazon Ish OC 52:6 holds that it is permitted to open and close the roof of a baby carriage and it isn't considered like creating an ohel to protect from the sun. His reasoning is that it since it is attached to the carriage opening it is like extending a preexisting ohel. Also, it is like opening and closing a door which is built to do that. See Rama 626:3 regarding opening and closing a shlock for the sukkah and Mishna Brurah 315:27 regarding shtenders. In that piece Chazon Ish is disagreeing with the Nodeh Beyehuda OC 2:30 regarding umbrellas. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 24:13 agrees and is lenient. Rav Ovadia Yosef in Chazon Ovadia (Shabbat v. 5 p. 302) writes that one should be strict for those are strict. Yalkut Yosef 315:12 quotes those who are strict and concludes that it is proper to leave it a tefach (excluding the folded part) open before Shabbat and extend it or fold it up on Shabbat.
    2. Rav Eliyahu Pesach Polek in Piyha Pitcha Bchochma v. 2 p. 85 writes that it is permitted to add a rain cover to a covering that is open 1 tefach even if that opening was opened on Shabbat. He says that in fact that it seems that it should be permitted to add the rain cover even if the hood was forbidden to open since it isn't considered a direct benefit from a transgression of Shabbat to extend that covering.
    3. Igros Moshe O.C. 4:105:3
    4. Chazon Ish O.C. 52:6, Be'er Moshe 6:87. Rav Schachter (Highlights of Melachos Shabbat Part 2, min 61) noted this dispute between the Chazon Ish and Rav Moshe and seemed to prefer the Chazon Ish.