Difference between revisions of "Yaaleh VeYavo"

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[[Image: Yaaleh_VeYavo.gif |right|thumb|Text of [[Yaaleh VeYavo]]]]
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[[Image: Yaaleh_VeYavo.gif |right|thumb|Text of Yaaleh VeYavo]]
[[Yaaleh VeYavo]] is a special prayer inserted in [[Shemoneh Esrei]] and [[Birkat HaMazon]] on the [[holidays]]. The laws of if someone forgets to mention [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] are organized below:
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Yaaleh VeYavo is a special prayer inserted in [[Shemoneh Esrei]] and [[Birkat HaMazon]] on the [[holidays]]. The laws of if someone forgets to mention Yaaleh VeYavo are organized below:
 
==Yaaleh Vyavo in Shemonah Esrei==
 
==Yaaleh Vyavo in Shemonah Esrei==
 
===Chol HaMoed===
 
===Chol HaMoed===
# On Chol HaMoed, one should insert [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] in [[Shemoneh Esrei]] during the Bracha of Avoda (Retzeh). If one forgot to say [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] and remembered before concluding [[Shemoneh Esrei]] (with Yeyihu LeRatzon) one should return to Retzeh and continue from there. However, if one only remembered after finishing [[Shemoneh Esrei]], one must repeat [[Shemoneh Esrei]]. <ref>S"A 124:10, Kitzur S"A 19:11, Tefillah KeHilchato 23:106 </ref>
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# On Chol HaMoed, one should insert Yaaleh VeYavo in [[Shemoneh Esrei]] during the Bracha of Avoda (Retzeh). If one forgot to say Yaaleh VeYavo and remembered before concluding [[Shemoneh Esrei]] (with Yeyihu LeRatzon) one should return to Retzeh and continue from there. However, if one only remembered after finishing [[Shemoneh Esrei]], one must repeat [[Shemoneh Esrei]]. <ref>S"A 124:10, Kitzur S"A 19:11, Tefillah KeHilchato 23:106 </ref>
 
===Rosh Chodesh===
 
===Rosh Chodesh===
# On [[Rosh Chodesh]] one should say [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] during Retzeh of [[Shemoneh Esrei]]. <ref> S"A 422:1 </ref>
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# On [[Rosh Chodesh]] one should say Yaaleh VeYavo during Retzeh of [[Shemoneh Esrei]]. <ref> S"A 422:1 </ref>
# If one forgets [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] at Mariv/Arvit once one finished the Bracha of Retzeh (and all the more so if one finished [[Shemoneh Esrei]]) one doesn’t return to the Bracha or repeat [[Shemoneh Esrei]]. The same is true whether it is the first or second day of Rosh Chodesh. <Ref>Gemara Brachot 30b says that if one forgot [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] at Mariv/Arivt one shouldn’t repeat [[Shemoneh Esrei]] because the Bet Din doesn’t sanctify the moon during the night. The Gemara says that it doesn’t matter whether it’s the first or second day of Rosh Chodesh. This is codified in Tur and S”A 422:1. </ref>
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# If one forgets Yaaleh VeYavo at Mariv/Arvit once one finished the Bracha of Retzeh (and all the more so if one finished [[Shemoneh Esrei]]) one doesn’t return to the Bracha or repeat [[Shemoneh Esrei]]. The same is true whether it is the first or second day of Rosh Chodesh. <Ref>Gemara Brachot 30b says that if one forgot Yaaleh VeYavo at Mariv/Arivt one shouldn’t repeat [[Shemoneh Esrei]] because the Bet Din doesn’t sanctify the moon during the night. The Gemara says that it doesn’t matter whether it’s the first or second day of Rosh Chodesh. This is codified in Tur and S”A 422:1. </ref>
## If one forgot to say [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] and remembered before Baruch Atta Hashem one should go back to [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] and continue from there. However if one remembers after Baruch Atta Hashem then one doesn’t go back. <Ref>Mishna Brurah 294:7, 422:2 </ref>
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## If one forgot to say Yaaleh VeYavo and remembered before Baruch Atta Hashem one should go back to Yaaleh VeYavo and continue from there. However if one remembers after Baruch Atta Hashem then one doesn’t go back. <Ref>Mishna Brurah 294:7, 422:2 </ref>
# If one forgot [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] in Shacharit or Mincha and remembers:
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# If one forgot Yaaleh VeYavo in Shacharit or Mincha and remembers:
* before saying Baruch Atta Hashem one should return to [[Yaaleh VeYavo]]
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* before saying Baruch Atta Hashem one should return to Yaaleh VeYavo  
* after saying Baruch Atta Hashem one conclude the Bracha with the words “Lamdeni Chukecha” and then return to [[Yaaleh VeYavo]].  
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* after saying Baruch Atta Hashem one conclude the Bracha with the words “Lamdeni Chukecha” and then return to Yaaleh VeYavo.  
* after saying HaMachzir…LeTzion but didn’t begin Modim, one should say [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] right there and continue with Modim.  
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* after saying HaMachzir…LeTzion but didn’t begin Modim, one should say Yaaleh VeYavo right there and continue with Modim.  
 
* after beginning Modim before Yeheu LeRatzon one should return to Retzah and continue from there. <ref> S”A 422:1, Mishna Brurah 422:5, Ishei Yisrael 39:18, See Igrot Moshe 4:93 </ref>
 
* after beginning Modim before Yeheu LeRatzon one should return to Retzah and continue from there. <ref> S”A 422:1, Mishna Brurah 422:5, Ishei Yisrael 39:18, See Igrot Moshe 4:93 </ref>
 
* after finishing [[Shemoneh Esrei]], repeat [[Shemoneh Esrei]]. <ref> S”A 422:1 </ref>  
 
* after finishing [[Shemoneh Esrei]], repeat [[Shemoneh Esrei]]. <ref> S”A 422:1 </ref>  
 
# If one forgot to say Yaaleh Veyavo in Shacharit and then remembers at the beginning of Mussaf (within first three Brachot) one should continue with Shacharit and then say Mussah. <Ref>Mishna Brurah 422:4 </ref>
 
# If one forgot to say Yaaleh Veyavo in Shacharit and then remembers at the beginning of Mussaf (within first three Brachot) one should continue with Shacharit and then say Mussah. <Ref>Mishna Brurah 422:4 </ref>
 
# If one already said Mussaf, it’s a dispute and one should make a stipulation that if I’m obligated to say another Tefillah it should count as an obligatory Tefillah and if not it should be considered a nedavah. <Ref>Mishna Brurah 422:4 </ref>
 
# If one already said Mussaf, it’s a dispute and one should make a stipulation that if I’m obligated to say another Tefillah it should count as an obligatory Tefillah and if not it should be considered a nedavah. <Ref>Mishna Brurah 422:4 </ref>
# If someone is in doubt whether or not one said [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] then one should repeat [[Shemoneh Esrei]]. <ref> Mishna Brurah 422:10 </ref>
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# If someone is in doubt whether or not one said Yaaleh VeYavo then one should repeat [[Shemoneh Esrei]]. <ref> Mishna Brurah 422:10 </ref>
# If someone thought to say [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] before Davening and then a long time afterwards remembers vaguely then one is assumed to have fulfilled one’s obligation. <ref> Mishna Brurah 422:10 </ref>
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# If someone thought to say Yaaleh VeYavo before Davening and then a long time afterwards remembers vaguely then one is assumed to have fulfilled one’s obligation. <ref> Mishna Brurah 422:10 </ref>
# However, if one remembered immediately afterwards then we assume that one didn’t say [[Yaaleh VeYavo]]. <ref> Mishna Brurah 422:10 </ref>
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# However, if one remembered immediately afterwards then we assume that one didn’t say Yaaleh VeYavo. <ref> Mishna Brurah 422:10 </ref>
# If one forgot to say [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] in Mincha of [[Rosh Chodesh]] and only remembers at night (after Rosh Chodesh) one should say two [[Shemoneh Esrei]]s of Maariv (without [[Yaaleh VeYavo]]) as Tashlumin and the second one should be said with a stipulation of being a voluntary prayer (if I’m obligated let this be a obligatory prayer and if not let it be a voluntary one). <ref>S”A 108:11, Mishna Brurah 108:33-34 </ref>
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# If one forgot to say Yaaleh VeYavo in Mincha of [[Rosh Chodesh]] and only remembers at night (after Rosh Chodesh) one should say two [[Shemoneh Esrei]]s of Maariv (without Yaaleh VeYavo) as Tashlumin and the second one should be said with a stipulation of being a voluntary prayer (if I’m obligated let this be a obligatory prayer and if not let it be a voluntary one). <ref>S”A 108:11, Mishna Brurah 108:33-34 </ref>
  
==[[Yaaleh VeYavo]] in Benching==
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==Yaaleh VeYavo in Benching==
 
===Rosh Chodesh===
 
===Rosh Chodesh===
# On [[Rosh Chodesh]] one should insert [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] in the middle of the third Bracha of Birkat HaMazon. <Ref>S”A 188:4, 5 </ref>
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# On [[Rosh Chodesh]] one should insert Yaaleh VeYavo in the middle of the third Bracha of Birkat HaMazon. <Ref>S”A 188:4, 5 </ref>
# On Rosh chodesh in [[Birkat HaMazon]] if one forgot [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] and one realized:
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# On Rosh chodesh in [[Birkat HaMazon]] if one forgot Yaaleh VeYavo and one realized:
## before saying Hashem’s name at the end of the third Bracha one should return to [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] and then continue from there. <ref>Halachos of Brachos (pg 510) </ref>
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## before saying Hashem’s name at the end of the third Bracha one should return to Yaaleh VeYavo and then continue from there. <ref>Halachos of Brachos (pg 510) </ref>
 
## after saying Hashem’s name but before saying Boneh Yerushalayim one should immediately say למדני חוקיך which is the conclusion of a פסוק in Tehillim and then return to Yaaleh Veyavo and continue from there. <ref>Halachos of Brachos (pg 510) </ref>
 
## after saying Hashem’s name but before saying Boneh Yerushalayim one should immediately say למדני חוקיך which is the conclusion of a פסוק in Tehillim and then return to Yaaleh Veyavo and continue from there. <ref>Halachos of Brachos (pg 510) </ref>
 
## after finishing the third Bracha before starting the fourth Bracha one should insert a special Bracha ברוך אתה ה' אלקינו מלך העולם שנתן ראשי חדשים לעמו ישראל לזכרון. <Ref>S”A 188:7 writes that whether it’s by day or night if one remembers that one forgot Yaaleh VaYavo between the third and fourth Bracha should insert the special Bracha of ברוך שנתן ראשי חדשים לעמו ישראל לזכרון. Biur Halacha D”H Omer and Mishna Brurah 188:25 conclude that one should say אתה ה' אלקינו מלך העולם in the beginning of the Bracha.</ref>
 
## after finishing the third Bracha before starting the fourth Bracha one should insert a special Bracha ברוך אתה ה' אלקינו מלך העולם שנתן ראשי חדשים לעמו ישראל לזכרון. <Ref>S”A 188:7 writes that whether it’s by day or night if one remembers that one forgot Yaaleh VaYavo between the third and fourth Bracha should insert the special Bracha of ברוך שנתן ראשי חדשים לעמו ישראל לזכרון. Biur Halacha D”H Omer and Mishna Brurah 188:25 conclude that one should say אתה ה' אלקינו מלך העולם in the beginning of the Bracha.</ref>
 
## within the first six words of the fourth Bracha (ברוך אתה ה' אלקינו מלך העולם) one should continue with the special Bracha (שנתן...) mentioned in the last option. <ref>Halachos of Brachos (pg 515) </ref>
 
## within the first six words of the fourth Bracha (ברוך אתה ה' אלקינו מלך העולם) one should continue with the special Bracha (שנתן...) mentioned in the last option. <ref>Halachos of Brachos (pg 515) </ref>
## after one said the seventh word in the fourth Bracha one should continue and not repeat Birkat Hamazon. <Ref>S”A 188:7 writes that one doesn’t need to repeat [[Birkat HaMazon]] if one forgot [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] on [[Rosh Chodesh]] because there’s no obligation to have a bread meal on Rosh Chodesh. </ref>
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## after one said the seventh word in the fourth Bracha one should continue and not repeat Birkat Hamazon. <Ref>S”A 188:7 writes that one doesn’t need to repeat [[Birkat HaMazon]] if one forgot Yaaleh VeYavo on [[Rosh Chodesh]] because there’s no obligation to have a bread meal on Rosh Chodesh. </ref>
 
===Yom Tov===
 
===Yom Tov===
# On [[Yom Tov]] one should insert [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] in the middle of the third Bracha of Birkat HaMazon. <Ref>S”A 188:4,5 </ref>
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# On [[Yom Tov]] one should insert Yaaleh VeYavo in the middle of the third Bracha of Birkat HaMazon. <Ref>S”A 188:4,5 </ref>
# If one forgot [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] and one realized:
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# If one forgot Yaaleh VeYavo and one realized:
## before saying Hashem’s name at the end of the third Bracha one should return to [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] and then continue from there. <ref>Halachos of Brachos (pg 510) </ref>
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## before saying Hashem’s name at the end of the third Bracha one should return to Yaaleh VeYavo and then continue from there. <ref>Halachos of Brachos (pg 510) </ref>
 
## after saying Hashem’s name but before saying Boneh Yerushalayim one should immediately say למדני חוקיך which is the conclusion of a פסוק in Tehillim and then return to Yaaleh Veyavo and continue from there. <ref>Halachos of Brachos (pg 510) </ref>
 
## after saying Hashem’s name but before saying Boneh Yerushalayim one should immediately say למדני חוקיך which is the conclusion of a פסוק in Tehillim and then return to Yaaleh Veyavo and continue from there. <ref>Halachos of Brachos (pg 510) </ref>
 
## after finishing the third Bracha before starting the fourth Bracha one should insert a special Bracha ברוך אתה ה' אלקינו מלך העולם שנתן ימים טובים לעמו ישראל לששון ולשמחה את יום חג (פלוני) הזה ברוך אתה ה' מקדש ישראל והזמנים. . <ref>S”A 188:6 </ref>
 
## after finishing the third Bracha before starting the fourth Bracha one should insert a special Bracha ברוך אתה ה' אלקינו מלך העולם שנתן ימים טובים לעמו ישראל לששון ולשמחה את יום חג (פלוני) הזה ברוך אתה ה' מקדש ישראל והזמנים. . <ref>S”A 188:6 </ref>
 
## within the first six words of the fourth Bracha (ברוך אתה ה' אלקינו מלך העולם) one should continue with the special Bracha (שנתן...) mentioned in the last option. <ref>Halachos of Brachos (pg 515) </ref>
 
## within the first six words of the fourth Bracha (ברוך אתה ה' אלקינו מלך העולם) one should continue with the special Bracha (שנתן...) mentioned in the last option. <ref>Halachos of Brachos (pg 515) </ref>
## after one said the seventh word in the fourth Bracha one must repeat Birkat HaMazon. <Ref> S”A 188:6 writes that on [[Yom Tov]] if one forgot to say [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] in [[Birkat HaMazon]] one must repeat Birkat HaMazon. Mishna Brurah 188:26 quotes Magan Avraham who says that this only applies to the nighttime meal and first daytime meal but the second daytime meal one doesn’t have to repeat Birkat HaMazon. </ref>
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## after one said the seventh word in the fourth Bracha one must repeat Birkat HaMazon. <Ref> S”A 188:6 writes that on [[Yom Tov]] if one forgot to say Yaaleh VeYavo in [[Birkat HaMazon]] one must repeat Birkat HaMazon. Mishna Brurah 188:26 quotes Magan Avraham who says that this only applies to the nighttime meal and first daytime meal but the second daytime meal one doesn’t have to repeat Birkat HaMazon. </ref>
 
===Chol HaMoed===
 
===Chol HaMoed===
# On Chol HaMoed, one should insert [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] in the middle of the third Bracha of [[Birkat HaMazon]]. <Ref>S”A 188:4,5 </ref>
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# On Chol HaMoed, one should insert Yaaleh VeYavo in the middle of the third Bracha of [[Birkat HaMazon]]. <Ref>S”A 188:4,5 </ref>
# If one forgot [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] and one realized:
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# If one forgot Yaaleh VeYavo and one realized:
## before saying Hashem’s name at the end of the third Bracha, one should return to [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] and then continue from there. <ref>Halachos of Brachos (pg 510) </ref>
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## before saying Hashem’s name at the end of the third Bracha, one should return to Yaaleh VeYavo and then continue from there. <ref>Halachos of Brachos (pg 510) </ref>
 
## after saying Hashem’s name but before saying Boneh Yerushalayim, one should immediately say למדני חוקיך which is the conclusion of a פסוק in Tehillim and then return to Yaaleh Veyavo and continue from there. <ref>Halachos of Brachos (pg 510) </ref>
 
## after saying Hashem’s name but before saying Boneh Yerushalayim, one should immediately say למדני חוקיך which is the conclusion of a פסוק in Tehillim and then return to Yaaleh Veyavo and continue from there. <ref>Halachos of Brachos (pg 510) </ref>
 
## after finishing the third Bracha before starting the fourth Bracha one should insert a special Bracha ברוך אתה ה' אלקינו מלך העולם שנתן מועדים לעמו ישראל לששון ולשמחה את יום חג  (פלוני) הזה <ref>Halachos of Brachos (pg 513) writes that the special Bracha to insert on Chol HaMoed is ברוך אתה ה' אלקינו מלך העולם שנתן מועדים לעמו ישראל לששון ולשמחה את יום חג. (פלוני) הזה. This is based on Mishna Brurah 188:27 who writes that the special Bracha of Chol HaMoed doesn’t have a conclusion like the Bracha of Rosh Chodesh. </ref>
 
## after finishing the third Bracha before starting the fourth Bracha one should insert a special Bracha ברוך אתה ה' אלקינו מלך העולם שנתן מועדים לעמו ישראל לששון ולשמחה את יום חג  (פלוני) הזה <ref>Halachos of Brachos (pg 513) writes that the special Bracha to insert on Chol HaMoed is ברוך אתה ה' אלקינו מלך העולם שנתן מועדים לעמו ישראל לששון ולשמחה את יום חג. (פלוני) הזה. This is based on Mishna Brurah 188:27 who writes that the special Bracha of Chol HaMoed doesn’t have a conclusion like the Bracha of Rosh Chodesh. </ref>
 
## within the first six words of the fourth Bracha (ברוך אתה ה' אלקינו מלך העולם), one should continue with the special Bracha (שנתן...) mentioned in the last option. <ref>Halachos of Brachos (pg 515) </ref>
 
## within the first six words of the fourth Bracha (ברוך אתה ה' אלקינו מלך העולם), one should continue with the special Bracha (שנתן...) mentioned in the last option. <ref>Halachos of Brachos (pg 515) </ref>
## after one said the seventh word in the fourth Bracha, one should continue and not repeat Birkat Hamazon. <Ref> S”A 188:7 writes that one doesn’t need to repeat [[Birkat HaMazon]] if one forgot [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] on Chol HaMoed because there’s no obligation to have a bread meal on Chol HaMoed. </ref>
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## after one said the seventh word in the fourth Bracha, one should continue and not repeat Birkat Hamazon. <Ref> S”A 188:7 writes that one doesn’t need to repeat [[Birkat HaMazon]] if one forgot Yaaleh VeYavo on Chol HaMoed because there’s no obligation to have a bread meal on Chol HaMoed. </ref>
 
===Shabbat and Rosh Chodesh/Chol Hamoed/Yom Tov===
 
===Shabbat and Rosh Chodesh/Chol Hamoed/Yom Tov===
 
# In a situation where one needs to recite retzeh for shabbat in addition to yaaleh veyavo for whatever occasion, retzeh should be recited first. <ref> Chazon Ovadia Berachot page 98 in accordance with the rule of tadir vishe'ayno tadir, tadir kodem. </ref>
 
# In a situation where one needs to recite retzeh for shabbat in addition to yaaleh veyavo for whatever occasion, retzeh should be recited first. <ref> Chazon Ovadia Berachot page 98 in accordance with the rule of tadir vishe'ayno tadir, tadir kodem. </ref>
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===If meal extended after sunset===
 
===If meal extended after sunset===
 
# If the meal extended until after sunset on [[Yom Tov]], Chol Hamoed, or [[Rosh Chodesh]] and one has to insert the special Bracha between the third and fourth Bracha this special Bracha should be said without Shem UMalchut meaning one should just say ברוך שנתן…<ref>Halachos of Brachos (pg 511) based on Biur Halacha 188:10 D”H mazkir, Kesot HaShulchan 47:3 </ref>
 
# If the meal extended until after sunset on [[Yom Tov]], Chol Hamoed, or [[Rosh Chodesh]] and one has to insert the special Bracha between the third and fourth Bracha this special Bracha should be said without Shem UMalchut meaning one should just say ברוך שנתן…<ref>Halachos of Brachos (pg 511) based on Biur Halacha 188:10 D”H mazkir, Kesot HaShulchan 47:3 </ref>
===A woman who forgot [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] in Birkat HaMazon===
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===A woman who forgot Yaaleh VeYavo in Birkat HaMazon===
# A woman who forgot [[Yaaleh VeYavo]] in benching should not repeat benching except on the first night of [[Sukkot]] and [[Pesach]]. <Ref> Sh”T Rabbi Akiva Eiger 1 says that women aren’t obligated in a meal on [[Yom Tov]] and so they don’t repeat benching if they forgot [[Yaaleh VeYavo]]. However, Sh”t Matat Yado MeHaTorah 21, Sh”t Sheilat Yacov 97, Pitchei Teshuva 529, and Sdei Chemed ([[Yom Tov]] 2:10) write that women would repeat benching either because the meal is an absolute chiyuv (as it seems from Tosfot HaRosh Brachot 49b) or because it’s voluntary fulfillment of the mitzvah. Nonetheless, Sh”t Yabea Omer 6:18, Sh”t Bear Moshe 3:38, and Sh”t Shevet HaLevi 5:18 write that because of Safek Brachot, a women doesn’t repeat benching like the Rabbi Akiva Eiger. Everyone agrees (Sh”t Rabbi Akiva Eiger) that on the first night of sukkot and Pesach, women are obligated in the meal and would have to repeat benching if they forgot Yaale VeYavo.  </ref>
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# A woman who forgot Yaaleh VeYavo in benching should not repeat benching except on the first night of [[Sukkot]] and [[Pesach]]. <Ref> Sh”T Rabbi Akiva Eiger 1 says that women aren’t obligated in a meal on [[Yom Tov]] and so they don’t repeat benching if they forgot Yaaleh VeYavo. However, Sh”t Matat Yado MeHaTorah 21, Sh”t Sheilat Yacov 97, Pitchei Teshuva 529, and Sdei Chemed ([[Yom Tov]] 2:10) write that women would repeat benching either because the meal is an absolute chiyuv (as it seems from Tosfot HaRosh Brachot 49b) or because it’s voluntary fulfillment of the mitzvah. Nonetheless, Sh”t Yabea Omer 6:18, Sh”t Bear Moshe 3:38, and Sh”t Shevet HaLevi 5:18 write that because of Safek Brachot, a women doesn’t repeat benching like the Rabbi Akiva Eiger. Everyone agrees (Sh”t Rabbi Akiva Eiger) that on the first night of sukkot and Pesach, women are obligated in the meal and would have to repeat benching if they forgot Yaale VeYavo.  </ref>
  
 
==Sources==
 
==Sources==
 
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Revision as of 14:30, 31 March 2013

Text of Yaaleh VeYavo

Yaaleh VeYavo is a special prayer inserted in Shemoneh Esrei and Birkat HaMazon on the holidays. The laws of if someone forgets to mention Yaaleh VeYavo are organized below:

Yaaleh Vyavo in Shemonah Esrei

Chol HaMoed

  1. On Chol HaMoed, one should insert Yaaleh VeYavo in Shemoneh Esrei during the Bracha of Avoda (Retzeh). If one forgot to say Yaaleh VeYavo and remembered before concluding Shemoneh Esrei (with Yeyihu LeRatzon) one should return to Retzeh and continue from there. However, if one only remembered after finishing Shemoneh Esrei, one must repeat Shemoneh Esrei. [1]

Rosh Chodesh

  1. On Rosh Chodesh one should say Yaaleh VeYavo during Retzeh of Shemoneh Esrei. [2]
  2. If one forgets Yaaleh VeYavo at Mariv/Arvit once one finished the Bracha of Retzeh (and all the more so if one finished Shemoneh Esrei) one doesn’t return to the Bracha or repeat Shemoneh Esrei. The same is true whether it is the first or second day of Rosh Chodesh. [3]
    1. If one forgot to say Yaaleh VeYavo and remembered before Baruch Atta Hashem one should go back to Yaaleh VeYavo and continue from there. However if one remembers after Baruch Atta Hashem then one doesn’t go back. [4]
  3. If one forgot Yaaleh VeYavo in Shacharit or Mincha and remembers:
  • before saying Baruch Atta Hashem one should return to Yaaleh VeYavo
  • after saying Baruch Atta Hashem one conclude the Bracha with the words “Lamdeni Chukecha” and then return to Yaaleh VeYavo.
  • after saying HaMachzir…LeTzion but didn’t begin Modim, one should say Yaaleh VeYavo right there and continue with Modim.
  • after beginning Modim before Yeheu LeRatzon one should return to Retzah and continue from there. [5]
  • after finishing Shemoneh Esrei, repeat Shemoneh Esrei. [6]
  1. If one forgot to say Yaaleh Veyavo in Shacharit and then remembers at the beginning of Mussaf (within first three Brachot) one should continue with Shacharit and then say Mussah. [7]
  2. If one already said Mussaf, it’s a dispute and one should make a stipulation that if I’m obligated to say another Tefillah it should count as an obligatory Tefillah and if not it should be considered a nedavah. [8]
  3. If someone is in doubt whether or not one said Yaaleh VeYavo then one should repeat Shemoneh Esrei. [9]
  4. If someone thought to say Yaaleh VeYavo before Davening and then a long time afterwards remembers vaguely then one is assumed to have fulfilled one’s obligation. [10]
  5. However, if one remembered immediately afterwards then we assume that one didn’t say Yaaleh VeYavo. [11]
  6. If one forgot to say Yaaleh VeYavo in Mincha of Rosh Chodesh and only remembers at night (after Rosh Chodesh) one should say two Shemoneh Esreis of Maariv (without Yaaleh VeYavo) as Tashlumin and the second one should be said with a stipulation of being a voluntary prayer (if I’m obligated let this be a obligatory prayer and if not let it be a voluntary one). [12]

Yaaleh VeYavo in Benching

Rosh Chodesh

  1. On Rosh Chodesh one should insert Yaaleh VeYavo in the middle of the third Bracha of Birkat HaMazon. [13]
  2. On Rosh chodesh in Birkat HaMazon if one forgot Yaaleh VeYavo and one realized:
    1. before saying Hashem’s name at the end of the third Bracha one should return to Yaaleh VeYavo and then continue from there. [14]
    2. after saying Hashem’s name but before saying Boneh Yerushalayim one should immediately say למדני חוקיך which is the conclusion of a פסוק in Tehillim and then return to Yaaleh Veyavo and continue from there. [15]
    3. after finishing the third Bracha before starting the fourth Bracha one should insert a special Bracha ברוך אתה ה' אלקינו מלך העולם שנתן ראשי חדשים לעמו ישראל לזכרון. [16]
    4. within the first six words of the fourth Bracha (ברוך אתה ה' אלקינו מלך העולם) one should continue with the special Bracha (שנתן...) mentioned in the last option. [17]
    5. after one said the seventh word in the fourth Bracha one should continue and not repeat Birkat Hamazon. [18]

Yom Tov

  1. On Yom Tov one should insert Yaaleh VeYavo in the middle of the third Bracha of Birkat HaMazon. [19]
  2. If one forgot Yaaleh VeYavo and one realized:
    1. before saying Hashem’s name at the end of the third Bracha one should return to Yaaleh VeYavo and then continue from there. [20]
    2. after saying Hashem’s name but before saying Boneh Yerushalayim one should immediately say למדני חוקיך which is the conclusion of a פסוק in Tehillim and then return to Yaaleh Veyavo and continue from there. [21]
    3. after finishing the third Bracha before starting the fourth Bracha one should insert a special Bracha ברוך אתה ה' אלקינו מלך העולם שנתן ימים טובים לעמו ישראל לששון ולשמחה את יום חג (פלוני) הזה ברוך אתה ה' מקדש ישראל והזמנים. . [22]
    4. within the first six words of the fourth Bracha (ברוך אתה ה' אלקינו מלך העולם) one should continue with the special Bracha (שנתן...) mentioned in the last option. [23]
    5. after one said the seventh word in the fourth Bracha one must repeat Birkat HaMazon. [24]

Chol HaMoed

  1. On Chol HaMoed, one should insert Yaaleh VeYavo in the middle of the third Bracha of Birkat HaMazon. [25]
  2. If one forgot Yaaleh VeYavo and one realized:
    1. before saying Hashem’s name at the end of the third Bracha, one should return to Yaaleh VeYavo and then continue from there. [26]
    2. after saying Hashem’s name but before saying Boneh Yerushalayim, one should immediately say למדני חוקיך which is the conclusion of a פסוק in Tehillim and then return to Yaaleh Veyavo and continue from there. [27]
    3. after finishing the third Bracha before starting the fourth Bracha one should insert a special Bracha ברוך אתה ה' אלקינו מלך העולם שנתן מועדים לעמו ישראל לששון ולשמחה את יום חג (פלוני) הזה [28]
    4. within the first six words of the fourth Bracha (ברוך אתה ה' אלקינו מלך העולם), one should continue with the special Bracha (שנתן...) mentioned in the last option. [29]
    5. after one said the seventh word in the fourth Bracha, one should continue and not repeat Birkat Hamazon. [30]

Shabbat and Rosh Chodesh/Chol Hamoed/Yom Tov

  1. In a situation where one needs to recite retzeh for shabbat in addition to yaaleh veyavo for whatever occasion, retzeh should be recited first. [31]
  2. If one began to say yaaleh veyavo before saying retzeh some poskim say he should continue with yaaleh veyavo and when he finishes to say retzeh [32] and other poskim say to stop wherever you remembered and say retzeh and yaaleh veyavo in the proper order. [33]

If meal extended after sunset

  1. If the meal extended until after sunset on Yom Tov, Chol Hamoed, or Rosh Chodesh and one has to insert the special Bracha between the third and fourth Bracha this special Bracha should be said without Shem UMalchut meaning one should just say ברוך שנתן…[34]

A woman who forgot Yaaleh VeYavo in Birkat HaMazon

  1. A woman who forgot Yaaleh VeYavo in benching should not repeat benching except on the first night of Sukkot and Pesach. [35]

Sources

  1. S"A 124:10, Kitzur S"A 19:11, Tefillah KeHilchato 23:106
  2. S"A 422:1
  3. Gemara Brachot 30b says that if one forgot Yaaleh VeYavo at Mariv/Arivt one shouldn’t repeat Shemoneh Esrei because the Bet Din doesn’t sanctify the moon during the night. The Gemara says that it doesn’t matter whether it’s the first or second day of Rosh Chodesh. This is codified in Tur and S”A 422:1.
  4. Mishna Brurah 294:7, 422:2
  5. S”A 422:1, Mishna Brurah 422:5, Ishei Yisrael 39:18, See Igrot Moshe 4:93
  6. S”A 422:1
  7. Mishna Brurah 422:4
  8. Mishna Brurah 422:4
  9. Mishna Brurah 422:10
  10. Mishna Brurah 422:10
  11. Mishna Brurah 422:10
  12. S”A 108:11, Mishna Brurah 108:33-34
  13. S”A 188:4, 5
  14. Halachos of Brachos (pg 510)
  15. Halachos of Brachos (pg 510)
  16. S”A 188:7 writes that whether it’s by day or night if one remembers that one forgot Yaaleh VaYavo between the third and fourth Bracha should insert the special Bracha of ברוך שנתן ראשי חדשים לעמו ישראל לזכרון. Biur Halacha D”H Omer and Mishna Brurah 188:25 conclude that one should say אתה ה' אלקינו מלך העולם in the beginning of the Bracha.
  17. Halachos of Brachos (pg 515)
  18. S”A 188:7 writes that one doesn’t need to repeat Birkat HaMazon if one forgot Yaaleh VeYavo on Rosh Chodesh because there’s no obligation to have a bread meal on Rosh Chodesh.
  19. S”A 188:4,5
  20. Halachos of Brachos (pg 510)
  21. Halachos of Brachos (pg 510)
  22. S”A 188:6
  23. Halachos of Brachos (pg 515)
  24. S”A 188:6 writes that on Yom Tov if one forgot to say Yaaleh VeYavo in Birkat HaMazon one must repeat Birkat HaMazon. Mishna Brurah 188:26 quotes Magan Avraham who says that this only applies to the nighttime meal and first daytime meal but the second daytime meal one doesn’t have to repeat Birkat HaMazon.
  25. S”A 188:4,5
  26. Halachos of Brachos (pg 510)
  27. Halachos of Brachos (pg 510)
  28. Halachos of Brachos (pg 513) writes that the special Bracha to insert on Chol HaMoed is ברוך אתה ה' אלקינו מלך העולם שנתן מועדים לעמו ישראל לששון ולשמחה את יום חג. (פלוני) הזה. This is based on Mishna Brurah 188:27 who writes that the special Bracha of Chol HaMoed doesn’t have a conclusion like the Bracha of Rosh Chodesh.
  29. Halachos of Brachos (pg 515)
  30. S”A 188:7 writes that one doesn’t need to repeat Birkat HaMazon if one forgot Yaaleh VeYavo on Chol HaMoed because there’s no obligation to have a bread meal on Chol HaMoed.
  31. Chazon Ovadia Berachot page 98 in accordance with the rule of tadir vishe'ayno tadir, tadir kodem.
  32. Chazon Ovadia Berachot page 98, Mikor Chaim 188: page 330, Sh"t Divrei Malkiel 1:10, Sh"t Maharshag 1:22. In Chazon Ovadia, Chacham Ovadia Yosef says that preferably one should add "et yom hashabbat hazeh" before mentioning the day for which you're saying yaaleh veyavo.
  33. The Shaagas Aryeh 20 says that one should stop there and say retze and yaale viyavo in the correct order. Sh"t Rav Pealim 2:40 says the same, and brings a proof from the Rama 684:6 where he says that for torah reading if you start chanuka’s before rosh chodesh’s, then stop and do rosh chodesh’s reading.
  34. Halachos of Brachos (pg 511) based on Biur Halacha 188:10 D”H mazkir, Kesot HaShulchan 47:3
  35. Sh”T Rabbi Akiva Eiger 1 says that women aren’t obligated in a meal on Yom Tov and so they don’t repeat benching if they forgot Yaaleh VeYavo. However, Sh”t Matat Yado MeHaTorah 21, Sh”t Sheilat Yacov 97, Pitchei Teshuva 529, and Sdei Chemed (Yom Tov 2:10) write that women would repeat benching either because the meal is an absolute chiyuv (as it seems from Tosfot HaRosh Brachot 49b) or because it’s voluntary fulfillment of the mitzvah. Nonetheless, Sh”t Yabea Omer 6:18, Sh”t Bear Moshe 3:38, and Sh”t Shevet HaLevi 5:18 write that because of Safek Brachot, a women doesn’t repeat benching like the Rabbi Akiva Eiger. Everyone agrees (Sh”t Rabbi Akiva Eiger) that on the first night of sukkot and Pesach, women are obligated in the meal and would have to repeat benching if they forgot Yaale VeYavo.