Brachot On Foods That Start With The Letter D

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Food Bracha Rishona Bracha Achrona
Danish (All) Mezonot Al Hamichya[1]
Date HaEtz Al HaEtz [2]
Date Bread Mezonot Al Hamichya[3]
Derma, Stuffed (Kishke - Containing Flour) Mezonot Al Hamichya[4]
Dough (Fried Or Cooked) Mezonot Al Hamichya[5]
Doughnut Mezonot Al Hamichya[6]
Dragonfruit (Pitaya) HaEtz Boreh Nefashot[7]
Dried Dates, Figs And Raisins HaEtz Al HaEtz[8]
Dried Fruit (All Others) HaEtz Borei Nefashos[9]
Duck Shehakol Borei Nefashos[10]
Dumpling (Matzo) Mezonot Al Hamichya[11]

Sources

  1. Danish pastries are made from flour, milk, and butter. Under the second condition of Pas Haba BeKisnin (Shulchan Aruch 168:7), since the dough for a danish is kneaded with milk, the bracha on a danish is mezonot unless one is Koveh Seudah. Laws of Brachos (Rabbi Forst, pg 359-384) writes that a danish is mezonot unless one is Koveh Seudah.

  2. *The Mishna (Brachot 35a) states that tree fruits are HaEtz. It is clear from the gemara (Brachot 38a) that dates are HaEtz. Laws of Brachos (Rabbi Forst, pg 359-384) writes that dates are HaEtz.
    * The bracha achrona on dates is Al HaEtz because it is one of the Shivat HaMinim. Chachamim in the Mishna (Brachot 44a) hold that the Bracha Achrona on the Shivat HaMinim is Al HaEtz. This is codified in Shulchan Aruch 208:1.
  3. Date bread is a cake made with flour, sugar, butter, eggs, and dates. Under the second condition of Pas Haba BeKisnin (Shulchan Aruch 168:7), since the dough for a date bread is kneaded with sugar, the bracha on date bread is mezonot unless one is Koveh Seudah. Laws of Brachos (Rabbi Forst, pg 359-384) writes that date bread is mezonot unless one is Koveh Seudah.
  4. Kishka (or Stuffed Durma) is a type of sausage which is filled with a combination of meat and meal. Since Kishka has flour or matzo meal as the main ingredient and includes many other non-flour ingredients it is considered. Laws of Brachos (Rabbi Forst, pg 359-384), Vezot HaBracha (p. 370), and Halachos of Brachos Handbook (p. 53) write that Kishka is mezonot.
  5. In general, Shulchan Aruch 208:2 rules that foods which have flour are mezonot. According to the primary opinion in Shulchan Aruch 168:13 any dough which is cooked or fried is mezonot. As the Rama there adds, even the other opinion will agree that the bracha is mezonot if it fulfills one of the 3 coniditions of Pas Habah BeKisnin. Laws of Brachos (Rabbi Forst, pg 359-384) writes that cooked or fried dough is mezonot and Al Hamichya.

  6. * In general, Shulchan Aruch 208:2 rules that foods which have flour are mezonot. Shulchan Aruch 168:13 presents a dispute between the Rabbenu Shimshon and Rabbenu Tam. According to Rabbenu Shimshon, any dough which is cooked or fried is mezonot. Rabbenu Tam, however, argues that if the dough was initally kneaded as thick dough like bread would be, the bracha is HaMotzei even if it is later cooked or fried. Shulchan Aruch rules liket he Rabbenu Shimshon, but adds that one should endeavor to fulfill any opinions by eating such foods in a bread meal. The Rama 168:13 adds that even Rabbenu Tam agrees that the bracha is mezonot if it fulfills one of the 3 coniditions of Pas Habah BeKisnin, such as if the dough is kneaded with sweet ingredients. Therefore, a doughnut which is made with dough that is kneaded with sugar, eggs, and oil, and then it is fried, the bracha is mezonot according to all opinions. Laws of Brachos (Rabbi Forst, pg 359-384), Vezot HaBracha (p. 29), and Halachos of Brachos Handbook (p. 38) write that doughnuts are mezonot.
    * Mishna Brurah 168:82 explains that if one had a Keviyut Seudah of Pas HaBah BeKisnin which was cooked or fried, according to Rabbenu Shimshon, the bracha is still mezonot, however, according to Rabbenu Tam, the bracha is hamotzei. Vezot HaBracha (p. 29) writes that the strict halacha follows Rabbenu Shimshon and a fried doughnut is mezonot even if one were to be Koveh Seudah on it. He adds, though, that a Yireh Shamayim should be strict not to have a Keviyut Seudah of doughnuts outside of a bread meal.
  7. Yalkut Yosef (Klalei Sefer Brachot pg 208-214)
  8. See following note.
  9. Dried fruit is fruit from which the majority of its moisture has been removed. The Laws of Brachos (Rabbi Forst, pg 359-384) and Halachos of Brachos Handbook (p. 39) write that dried fruit is the same as regular fruit and the bracha is HaEtz for most fruits and HaAdama for banana. The bracha on any of the shivat haminim is Bracha Achat Mein Shelosh (Shulchan Aruch 208:1).
  10. The Gemara (Brachot 40b) states that bird meat is Shehakol as it does not grow from the ground. This is codified in Shulchan Aruch 204:1. Laws of Brachos (Rabbi Forst, pg 359-384) and Halachos of Brachos Handbook (p. 39) agree that duck is shehakol.

  11. * Dumplings are cooked balls of dough. According to the primary opinion in Shulchan Aruch 168:13, the bracha on any cooked dough is mezonot. Halachos of Brachos (p. 496) writes that the bracha is mezonot for this reason. In the footnote, he notes that according to the Magen Avraham 168:36, dumplings which are boiled would not have the look of bread and would be mezonot according to all opinions. However, he adds that the Mishna Brurah 168:78 does not accept this Magen Avraham. Accordingly, Halachos of Brachos concludes that if one was Koveh Seudah on kreplach one would not make hamotzei.
    * Laws of Brachos (Rabbi Forst, pg 260), however, considers Kreplach as having the look of bread (based on Rama 168:13) and initially writes that this is dependant on the dispute in Shulchan Aruch 168:13. He concludes that one may rely upon the primary opinion in Shulchan Aruch 168:13 since some would consider the meat filling of the dumpling sufficient reason to make it into Pas Habah BeKisnin.
    * Halachos of Brachos (p. 496) adds that Kreplach are mezonot even if it is baked after it is cooked. Although this is similar to Shulchan Aruch 168:14, in which case bread becomes hamotzei if it baked after being cooked, the Pri Megadim (E"A 168:39) writes that if it is only baked in order to develop a crust the bracha is still mezonot.