General Yom Tov Halachot

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Preparation for Yom Tov 30 Days in Advance

  1. Many hold that thirty days before Sukkot one should start learning the halachot of Sukkot. [1] All agree that on the holiday itself one should learn the halachot of Sukkot. [2]
  2. This doesn't mean that a talmid chacham should stop this regular learning to learn halacha of the upcoming holiday, but rather it means that a question about hilchot pesach is given precedence to questions not about pesach.[3]

Erev Yom Tov

  1. It's forbidden to make a festive meal on Erev Yom Tov which one wouldn't normally have during the week. [4]
  2. One shouldn't have a meal after nine hours in the day just like on Erev Shabbat. See Not eating on Erev Shabbat. [5]

Kavod and Oneg Yom Tov

  1. The mitzvot of Kavod and Oneg apply to Yom Tov just like Shabbat. [6]

Meals of Yom Tov

  1. One should have Lechem Mishneh (two loaves of bread) for the two meals of Yom Tov. See Lechem Mishneh. [7]

Aliyah Laregel

  1. Although the main obligation of aliya laregel during the times of the Beit Hamikdash was to bring korbanot, there is still a mitzvah nowadays to visit Yerushalayim and particularly the Kotel Hamaaravi. [8]


  1. In Gemara Pesachim 6a, Rabbanan hold that one should begin to learn Hilchot Pesach thirty days in advance of Pesach, whereas Rabban Shimon Ben Gamliel holds only 2 weeks. Rabbanan learn this idea from Moshe who taught the laws of Pesach Sheni thirty days in advance which was Pesach in Nissan. Shulchan Aruch 429:1 rules like the opinion of the Rabbanan. Mishna Brurah 429:1 writes that according to Rashi, Tosfot, and the Gra the same is true of other Yamim Tovim such as Sukkot, however, according to the Bet Yosef there is only a thirty day period in reference to Pesach.
  2. Gemara Megillah 32b states that one should learn the halachot of Sukkot on Sukkot. Mishna Brurah 429:1 quotes this as halacha.
  3. Chazon Ovadyah (Pesach pg 1) explains that the halacha in Gemara Pesachim 6a is relevant in regards to the laws established in Tosefta Sanhedrin 7:5 which state that a person should ask relevant questions and a relevant question has precedence over the irrelevant questions.
  4. Rama 529:1, Mishna Brurah 249:8
  5. Rama 529:1
  6. Mishna Brurah 249:8
  7. Rama 529:1, Mishna Brurah 529:9
  8. Sh"t Yechave Daat 1:25, Sh"t Kol Mevaser 2:10. see also Rabbi Yosef Kalinsky and Igrot Moshe YD 3:122