Interruptions to a Bracha

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When is a new Bracha Rishona required?

  1. As long as one didn’t have a interruption in one's train of thought (Hesech Hadaat), which will be clarified below, one doesn’t need to make a new Bracha Rishona. However, if one made a Bracha Achrona, and one wants to eat again a new Bracha Rishona is needed. [1]
  2. If one if planning on having coffee or tea for a length of time as one sits and learns, one Shehakol covers all the cups one drinks even there’s a long break between cups. [2]
  3. If one made a Bracha Rishona and waited 72 minutes one doesn’t need to make another Bracha Rishona. [3]
  4. If one made a Bracha Achrona only because one was afraid that Shuir Ikul would pass and one has intent to continue eating afterwards, one doesn’t need a new Bracha Rishona when one continues to eat. [4]
  5. One who went to the bathroom in the middle of a snack need not recite a new bracha upon returning. [5]

Interruption of a Bread Meal

  1. If one Davened in middle of a meal it’s not considered an interruption. [6]
  2. Sleeping in middle of a meal isn’t considered an interruption except that one needs to wash Netilat Yadayim. [7]
  3. During a meal, if one touches areas of one's body which are supposed to be covered, one should wash Netilat Yadayim without a Bracha. [8]
  4. Someone who went to the bathroom during a meal isn’t considered an interruption rather one should just make Netilat Yadayim and Asher Yatzer afterwards. [9]
  5. If one said Shir HaMaalot it is not considered an interruption of the meal. [10]

Sources

  1. Beiur Halacha 190 s.v. Acher, Vezot HaBracha (pg 53, chapter 5)
  2. Sh”t Yechave Daat 6:11, Sh”t Yabia Omer O”C 6:27, Sh”t Chazon Ovadyah 1:18, Yalkut Yosef (vol 3 pg 224)
  3. Yalkut Yosef (vol 3, pg 227)
  4. Yalkut Yosef (Kitzur S”A 178:18)
  5. Rama OC 178:7. Even though the Biur Halacha 178:7 writes that for a non-bread meal going to the bathroom would be an interruption, the Piskei Teshuvot 178:7 holds that nowadays when we have bathrooms indoors we don't recite a new bracha after going to the bathroom. Regarding Sephardim, even though Rav Ovadia Yosef (Halichot Olam (vol 1 pg 44) and codified in Yalkut Yosef (vol 3 pg 330)) held that one should recite a bracha if one goes to the bathroom in the middle of a meal, later he retracted as is recorded in Yalkut Yosef (Brachot 5771 version, 178:26). Halacha Brurah 178:23 agrees.
  6. Tosfot Pesachim 102a s.v. vaakru proves from the gemara that if a party left the house to daven it isn't considered an interruption of a meal that davening in the middle of a meal isn't considered an interruption at all. Even though one can't eat while one is davening, nonetheless, it isn't an interruption. Yalkut Yosef (vol 3 pg 228) codifies this.
  7. Yalkut Yosef (vol 3 pg 229)
  8. Yalkut Yosef (vol 3 pg 331)
  9. Yalkut Yosef (vol 3 pg 330)
  10. Piskei Teshuvot 179:4