Kedusha

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Requirements for Kedusha

  1. Ten free men above the age of Bar Mitzvah should be present in order for one to say kedusha. [1]
  2. If one cannot find ten men, it is permissible to use one katan, 9 or 10 years old, who has reached the age of chinuch, for it is better than completely nullifying kedusha. [2]
  3. If one began Kedusha with 10 men and one left, one may nonetheless finish kaddish. [3]
  4. If there are 10 men and one of the minyan is unable to answer to kedusha, kedusha may nonetheless be recited. [4]
  5. A deaf man and a mute man may be counted for a minyan, however, a deaf mute man is treated as a katan with regard to minyan. [5]
  6. If there are 10 men and one of the minyan is sleeping, kaddish may nonetheless be recited. Nevertheless, one should wake up the sleeper. [6]
  7. One need not be meticulous and strict with regard to making sure that everyone is the minyan had 2 pubic hairs. [7]

The Proper Procedure for Kedusha

  1. When the Hazzan reaches Kedusha during the Chazarat HaShatz, the congregation should take three steps forward, thereby returning to the place where they prayed their silent Shmoneh Esrei. They should place their feet together side by side. [8]
  2. When the congregation reaches "VeKara Zeh El Zeh VeAmar" some people have the practice to turn to the right and then to the left.[9]
  3. The Hazzan and the congregation recite the Kedisha in unison. However, the Hazzan recites the entire Kedusha aloud while the congregation only recites some of it aloud. [10] Nevertheless, it is the Moroccan custom for the congregation to recite the entire kedusha aloud with the hazzan. [11]
  4. At the words "kadosh, kadosh, kadosh" the congregation should lift their heels and body slightly. Some have the custom to lift their heels and body higher at the second "kadosh" than at the first and higher at the third. [12]
  5. At the name of Hashem in the phrase "Baruch Kevod Hashem Mimekomo" of Kedusha the congregation should lift their heels and body slightly. [13]
  6. Similarly, at the name of Hashem in the phrase "Yimloch Hashem Leolam Elokayich Tzion Ledor Vador Halleluka" of Kedusha the congregation should lift their heels and body slightly. [14]
  7. The members of the congregation should stand with their feet together until after they answer "Amen" to the Hazzan's blessing of "HaKel HaKadosh." [15]
  8. It is forbidden for the members of the congregation to talk during kedusha. [16]

If one is saying the Shmoneh Esrei during Kedusha

  1. If one is saying the Shmoneh Esrei and the shaliach tzibur begins kedusha one should not say kedusha. [17]

Answering Kedusha Multiple Times

  1. If a person hears Kedusha even if he already heard it previously he should still answer with them.[18]
  2. If he's in his silent Shemona Esrei and hears Kedusha when he finishes the bracha of Mechayey Hameytim he should answer Kedusha with them even if he already heard and answered Kedusha.[19]

Sources

  1. Kitzur Shulchan Aruch of Rav Rephael Baruch Toledano, siman 12, laws of kaddish, seif 1
  2. Kitzur Shulchan Aruch of Rav Rephael Baruch Toledano, siman 12, laws of kaddish, seif 1
  3. Kitzur Shulchan Aruch of Rav Rephael Baruch Toledano, siman 12, laws of kaddish, seif 7
  4. Kitzur Shulchan Aruch of Rav Rephael Baruch Toledano, siman 12, laws of kaddish, seif 12
  5. Kitzur Shulchan Aruch of Rav Rephael Baruch Toledano, siman 12, laws of kaddish, seif 14
  6. Kitzur Shulchan Aruch of Rav Rephael Baruch Toledano, siman 12, laws of kaddish, seif 12
  7. Kitzur Shulchan Aruch of Rav Rephael Baruch Toledano, siman 12, laws of kaddish, seif 11
  8. S"S 123:2 and 125:2; Ben Ish Hai, Teruma, 4; Kaf Hachaim 125:3
  9. HalachaYomit.co.il records that Rav Ovadia Yosef's practice at the end of his life was to turn to the right and then to the left during "VeKara Zeh El Zeh VeAmar".
  10. Ben Ish Hai, Teruma, 4; Kaf Hachaim 125:2
  11. Kitzur Shulchan Aruch of Rav Rephael Baruch Toledano, Volume 1, Page 115
  12. Ben Ish Hai, Teruma, 6; Kaf Hachaim 125:10
  13. Ben Ish Hai, Teruma, 4; Kaf Hachaim 125:11
  14. Ben Ish Hai, Teruma, 4; Kaf Hachaim 125:11
  15. Ben Ish Hai, Teruma, 5; Kitzur Shulchan Aruch of Rav Rephael Baruch Toledano, Volume 1, Page 115
  16. Kitzur Shulchan Aruch of Rav Rephael Baruch Toledano, Volume 1, Page 115
  17. Kitzur Shulchan Aruch of Rav Rephael Baruch Toledano, Volume 1, Page 98
  18. Rashba 1:249 writes that there's no prohibition to answer Kedusha twice a day just as we say Kedusha multiple in davening every day. Rama O.C. 125:2 quotes this.
  19. Yabia Omer OC 6:20 explains that there's no issue of saying kedusha several times as the Rashba 1:249 explains. Furthermore, it is a mitzvah of Kiddush Hashem to answer kedusha each time one answers kedusha. Lastly, after the second bracha of Shemona Esrei it isn't an interruption as the Rif Brachot 21b writes.