Template:Playpens and Cribs on Shabbat

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Playpen

  1. Some sat that it is permitted to set up a baby’s play pen only if (1) the parts aren’t held tightly and (2) the parts are frequently opened and closed. However, if the parts fit tightly or it isn’t opened and closed frequently it’s forbidden. The pieces are considered held loosely if one isn’t considered if the parts move around where they are joined. [1] However, some permit it if it is used frequently. [2]
  2. It is forbidden to cover a play pen with a blanket to protect it from the sun or bugs. However if the blanket was spread over the pen from before Shabbat at least a tefach in width (not including the part which was rolled up) then one may spread it out fully on Shabbat. One should make sure not to remove the blanket totally rather leave at least a Tefach spread out. [3]
  3. As long as there are no screws, bolts (etc.) one may set up and dismantle a playpen, pac-n-play or carriage[4]. For carriages that come with a separate bassinet (i.e. BabyJogger, Bugaboo, Rock Star etc.), one may switch them back and forth without any Halachic concerns as long as no screws are being used. One would also be allowed to add another seat to a carriage (i.e. Phil & Ted), providing that this is done on an "everyday basis", as it would then be considered the "usual mode of use"[5].

Baby Basket

  1. It is permitted to adjust the height of a baby’s basket if (1) the parts aren’t held tightly and (2) the parts are frequently opened and closed. However, if the parts fit tightly or it isn’t opened and closed frequently it’s forbidden. The pieces are considered held loosely if one isn’t considered if the parts move around where they are joined. [6]

Beds

  1. It is permitted to spread a bed sheet even if it hangs over the side of the bed.[7]
  2. It is forbidden to put together a crib on Shabbat.[8]
    1. Or Letzion (vol 2, 27:1)
    2. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 24:23
    3. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 24:9
    4. Be'er Moshe 3:85
    5. Rabbi Heshy Kahn (What's Doing, Greater Connecticut, 3/3/11) heard from R' Plutchok Shlita
    6. Or Letzion (vol 2, 27:1)
    7. Mishna Brurah 315:31, Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 24:25
    8. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 24:23