Medicine on Shabbat

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One of several rabbinic decrees that our Sages enacted in order to guard the sanctity of Shabbat concerns the use of medications. In the opinion and experience of the Rabbis, easy access to medicine could lead to the transgression of certain Shabbat Labors. While issuing the decree, however, the Rabbis were lenient in certain cases of those suffering pain or distress. [1] (See the footnote for some background)[2]. The details of what's permissible and what's forbidden are described below. These laws are true for the first day of Yom Tov and the two days of Rosh Hashana as well. [3]

Taking Medicine

If one has a minor condition (Meychush BeAlma)

  1. If someone has a minor condition which hurts such as a tooth ache, throat ache, head ache, cold, and cough it is forbidden to take any medicine such as pills or drops. However, someone who is in a lot of pain and because of it he is in bed or his body is weakened such as a migraine it permitted to take a medicine. [4]
  2. Some allow someone who is accustomed to take pain killers for a head ache or tooth ache and if he doesn't take it will be in pain to take pain killers on Shabbat.[5]

If one has a sickness (Choleh Shein Bo Sakana)

  1. If one has fever, feels weak all over, or feels bad enough to require bed rest, he can be classified as a “patient not dangerously ill” (Choleh Shein Bo Sakana) and he is permitted to take oral medications. [6]
  2. Since “requiring bed rest” and “weak all over” are subjective terms, it is up to each individual to determine his personal pain threshold. There is no requirement to be overly stringent when judging the degree of illness. [7]
  3. Some poskim hold that it is forbidden to perform a biblically prohibited action on Shabbat (melacha deoritta) for someone who is in the category of "patient not dangerously ill" even if one does it in an abnormal manner (Shinui).[8] Some, however, hold that it is permitted to do actions in an abnormal way (Shinui) for a "patient not dangerously ill".[9]

If one is critically ill (Choleh Sheyesh Bo Sakana)

  1. It is permitted and a mitzvah to violate Shabbat in order to safe a Jewish life.[10] Even if there is only a doubt if the patient is critically ill[11] or if there is a doubt if the procedure will safe the patient's life[12], nonetheless, it is a mitzvah to violate Shabbat in order to try to save a Jewish life. Someone who delays in saving a life out of a concern of violating Shabbat is sinning in a way that is tantamount to murder.[13]
  2. A rabbi should be careful to teach his community that it is permitted and a mitzvah to violate Shabbat for life endangering concerns.[14]

Infants

  1. Healthy infants and babies until the age of three (and according to some poskim even older children till the age of six or nine) are also halachically classified as “patients not dangerously ill.” [15] (In the final analysis, it all depends on the strength and maturity of the child.) [16] Therefore, they are permitted to take all forms of medicine, provided, of course, that no Biblical prohibitions are transgressed. [17]

Preparing medicine from before Shabbat

  1. One may crush a capsule or tablet of medicine into a food or drink before Shabbat (so it becomes disguised by the food) and then eat the food or drink on Shabbat. [18]

Continuing to take a daily dosage

  1. Although one who is not classified as “ill” may not begin taking medicine on Shabbat, still, some poskim hold that one who requires daily medication for an ongoing condition may continue doing so on Shabbat as well, [19] while others disagree. [20]
  2. Some say that one may only take an ongoing medication on Shabbat if skipping a day of medication would be detrimental to the patient's health or if the medication must be taken for a number of consecutive days such that it is impossible not to take it on Shabbat. [21]

Non-medical treatment

Using a Band Aid

  1. It is permitted to put on a band aid on a wound. [22]
  2. According to Ashkenazim, one should not remove a band aid on Shabbat if there is hair in the area of the band aid. However, if it is painful one may remove it. [23] However, Sephardim are more lenient as long as there is a need to remove it, it's permissible. [24]
  3. Most authorities permit removing the Band-Aid from the protective tabs, while some are stringent and so to satisfy all opinions one may prepare Band-Aids for Shabbat use by peeling off their protective tabs and re-sealing them before Shabbat. [25]

Cleaning a wound

  1. It is permitted to clean and bandage a wound or to pour hydrogen peroxide over it. [26]

Braces

  1. Braces may be worn on Shabbat because there is no medicine for aligning teeth properly. [27]

Specific conditions

Abscess

  1. An abscess may be squeezed to relieve pressure from pus, even if some blood is secreted in the process. [28]

Acne

  1. All medication for acne may not be taken on Shabbat. [29]

Angina

  1. All medication for angina are permitted to be taken on Shabbat. [30]

Arthritis

  1. Anti-inflammatory medication for mild arthritis are forbidden. [31]

Asthma

  1. All oral and breathing medications for mild asthma are permitted to be taken on Shabbat. [32]

Athlete’s foot

  1. One may not use any medication for athlete’s foot on Shabbat. [33]

Back or neck brace

  1. One may put on or remove a back or neck brace on Shabbat. [34]

Bandage

  1. It is permissible to put on an ace bandage on Shabbat as long as you don't tie anything permanent. [35]

Bee sting

  1. If one has a bee or wasp sting the stinger may be removed and the area may be washed with ice water, lemon juice or vinegar, etc. The area may not be soaked, however, in those liquids. [36]
  2. One may use liquid or spray insect repellent on Shabbat. [37]

Birth control

  1. It's permissible to take birth control pills on Shabbat (assuming she received halachic permission to take these pills). [38]

Bone Fracture

  1. For a simple bone fracture a non-Jew may be asked to do anything necessary, e.g., make a phone call, drive a car, take x-rays or put on a cast. [If a non-Jew is not available, some poskim permit a Jew to do these acts if they are done with a shinui, in an abnormal manner. [39]] If there is even a small chance of internal bleeding, e.g., the thigh or pelvis bone was fractured, or if the elbow was shattered, all Shabbat restrictions are lifted. [40]

Bow Legged Baby

  1. It is forbidden to straighten the legs of a bow-legged baby on Shabbat since doing so is considered an act of healing.[41]

Cellulites

  1. Since cellulitis may be life-threatening immediate medical attention is required. [42]

Cold

  1. For a cold one may not take medications or vitamins. [43] unless one is experiencing discomfort in his whole body or is bedridden. However, one may eat chicken soup or tea with honey to obtain relief.[44]

Contact Lenses

  1. It is permitted to soak contact lenses in their solution on Shabbat. [45]

Cough

  1. Cough–medication may not be taken.[46] If the cough may be an indication of pneumonia or asthma, medication is permitted. [47]

Diabetes

  1. All necessary medications for diabetes may be taken on Shabbat. [48]

Diarrhea

  1. For diarrhea one may not take medication unless one is in severe pain or weak all over. Prune juice or any other food or drink is permitted. A hot water bottle is permitted when one experiences strong pains. [49]

Chapped hands

  1. For dried (or chapped) hands it is prohibited to rub them with either oil, ointment (Vaseline) or lotion. [50]One who regularly uses a pourable, liquid lotion or oil on his hands (whether they are chapped or not) may do so on Shabbat, too, even if his hands are chapped.[51]

Chapped lips

  1. For dried or cracked lips one may not apply chap stick or any other medication, liquid or otherwise. [52]

Conception Pills

  1. Some poskim permit taking pills to help a woman give birth. [53]

Ear infection

  1. For an ear infection all medications are permitted. Cotton balls may be inserted. [54] Even if the infection is no longer present, prescribed medicine begun on a weekday must be continued until finished in order to avoid a relapse. [55]

Eye inflammation

  1. For an eye inflammation eye drops (or ointment) may be instilled in the eye. If the eye is not inflamed but merely irritated, no medication is permitted. [56]

Fever

  1. For a fever any oral medications may be taken. A mercury thermometer may be used. [57] If a person is suffering from high-grade fever, a non-Jew may be asked to do whatever the patient needs in order to feel better. [58] If the cause of the fever is unknown, a doctor should be consulted.

Headache

  1. For a headache medication should not be taken. If the headache is severe enough so that one feels weak all over or is forced to go to bed, medication may be taken. One who is unsure if he has reached that stage of illness may be lenient and take pain- relieving medication. [59]

Heartburn

  1. For heartburn foods which will have a soothing effect may be eaten. Some poskim permit taking anti-acid medication while others are stringent. If the medicine is prescribed by a doctor, one may be lenient. [60]

Hemorrhoids

  1. For a mild case of hemorrhoids medication may not be taken. For a severe case, it is permitted to sit in a “sitz bath” (with water that heated before Shabbat), or use medicated pads or suppositories. [61]

Herniated disc

  1. For a herniated disc (back and leg pain) ice packs or hot packs are permitted. Physical therapy exercises, e.g. stretching, are permitted. If the pain is severe to the degree that the entire body is in pain, painkillers or other medications are permitted as well. [62]

Indigestion

  1. One may take a leisurely walk in order to help digestion. [63]
  2. One may drink prune juice in order to act as a laxative. [64]

Infection

  1. For an infection all medications are permitted. [65]

Lactose

  1. For lactose intolerance one may not take enzyme supplement tablets. But it is permitted to add enzyme drops to liquid dairy foods before Shabbat and drink the dairy on Shabbat. [66]

Migraine

  1. For a migraine headache any oral medications may be taken. [67]

Mouthwash

  1. There is a discussion in the later poskim if one may use mouthwash on Shabbat. [68]

Nosebleed

  1. For a nosebleed bleeding may be stopped with a tissue or a napkin. If none is available, a cloth napkin may be used. [69]

Raynaud’s Syndrome

  1. One who is ill or in need of using chemical hand warmers on Shabbat, such as in the case of Raynaud's syndrome, or a soldier on guard duty who must remain alert may do so on Shabbat. [70]

Retainer

  1. One may insert and remove a retainer on Shabbat. [71]

Scab

  1. It is permitted to remove a scab as long as blood is not drawn from the wound. [72]

Sleep disorder

  1. There are conflicting views among contemporary poskim about taking sleeping pills or No-Doze pills. [73] One who is weak all over or bedridden may take them. Cotton balls may be used as ear plugs. It is permitted to use pliable ear plugs, which are made from a wax-like material that spreads to fill the cavity of the ear. [74]

Sore throat

  1. For a sore throat medication may not be taken. Gargling is prohibited. [75] Drinking tea or any other hot drink, or sucking a candy, is permitted even if the intention is for medicinal purposes. [76]

Splinter

  1. A splinter under the skin may be extracted with the fingers, or with tweezers or a needle. If, unavoidably, a little blood is secreted in the process, it is of no consequence. [77]

Sprain

  1. For a sprain if the patient is not experiencing severe pain, nothing may be done. If the patient is experiencing severe pain, medication may be taken and a massage may be given. A makeshift splint may be applied, provided that no Shabbat Labors are transgressed. [78]

Stitches

  1. Only a non-Jew is allowed to stitch any wound, even if the stitching is done only for cosmetic reasons. [79]A Jew may place a butterfly bandage or steri-strips to close a simple laceration or cut. Surgical skin closure glue may also be used. [80]

Stopping bleeding

  1. Pressure may be applied to a cut to stop bleeding. Sucking or squeezing out blood is prohibited. [81]

Strep throat

  1. For a strep throat all oral medications may be taken. Even if the infection is no longer present, the prescribed medicine begun on a weekday must be continued until finished. A culture may be taken by a non-Jew. [82]

Sunburn

  1. For a ordinary sunburn medications are not permitted. [83]

Sweating

  1. It is permitted to sprinkle baby powder on those parts of the body which are perspiring. [84]

Swelling

  1. It is permitted to press a knife, etc. against the skin to prevent or minimize swelling. [85] It is permitted to wash or soak the swollen area in water.[86]It is permitted to place a compress, [87] ice (placed in plastic bag) or any frozen item over a swollen area. [88]

Toothache

  1. A minor (cavity) toothache may not be treated with painkillers, but one is permitted to drink whiskey, etc., provided that it is swallowed immediately. [89]A severe toothache (to the point where one feels weak all over) or gum infection may be treated with oral medication. If the tooth needs to be extracted, a non-Jew may be asked to do so. [90]

Wound

  1. Cuts and abrasions may be washed or soaked in water. Hydrogen peroxide may be poured over a cut. It is not permitted, however, to soak absorbent cotton or paper in such a solution and then wash the wound with it. The wound may be covered with a non-medicated Band-Aid. [91]

Medicine after Candle Lighting before Kiddush

  1. One is permitted to drink water while taking a pill on Shabbos after candle lighting before Kiddush.[92]

Carrying a Pill

  1. One who needs to carry a pill on Shabbos in a place which does not have an eiruv should ask his Rav before doing so.[93]

Cutting Pills on Shabbos

  1. One is permitted to cut a tablet in half on Shabbos, and there is no concern of "mechatech" (cutting) on Shabbos.[94]

Purchasing the medicine

  1. In situations where one is considered “ill” and is permitted to take medicine on Shabbat, it is also permitted to ask a non-Jew to drive to a drugstore, buy medicine and bring it to him. [95]

Ripping the Packaging of a Medicine

  1. According to the opinion of some poskim, on Shabbos one should rip the wrapping around a medication by destroying it and making it useless.[96]

Specific medicines

Foods and drinks

  1. Even someone with a minor ailment may eat food which healthy people eat even if one’s intention is for improving one’s health. For example, someone who has a head ache may eat honey, a lemon, or suck on candy. Someone who has a hoarse throat may swallow a raw egg. [97]
  2. Foods and drinks are permitted even when they are consumed for medicinal purposes. For example, one may have tea for a sore throat on Shabbat. [98]

Tylenol or Aspirin

  1. Many poskim are of the opinion that Tylenol® and other aspirin should not be taken even though healthy people may take them as well.[99] However, if one is in great pain then taking them is permitted.[100]

Vitamins

  1. If the purpose of the vitamin is to serve as a food supplement it is permitted to take such a vitamin on Shabbat. [101]
  2. If the purpose of the vitamin is to strengthen a weak body or to relieve certain symptoms, in the opinion of many poskim, one may not take those vitamins on Shabbat. [102]
  3. Some say that a multi-vitamin that one takes everyday is permitted since it is a food and not a refuah.[103]

Elective surgery

  1. One should make sure to schedule a non emergency surgery in the first three days of the week but not on or after Wednesday. However, after the fact and if one did the surgery at such a time and there is a situation of Pikuach Nefesh it is totally permissible to violate Shabbat like any other sick person in danger. [104] Sephardim could be lenient to schedule such a surgery on Wednesday but not past Thursday. [105]

Inducing labor

  1. It is permissible for a pregnant woman who is past her term to receive a hormone infusion to induce labor if the doctor feels that there danger to the life of the mother or fetus. [106]

Caesarian section

  1. If according to the doctor a women has to have a caesarian section and she can choose to schedule the surgery, she should schedule for the first three days of the week and not Wednesday through Friday. [107]

A doctor on call

  1. A doctor who is on call and there is a sick patient under his or her care, some say that the doctor should stay in the hospital or nearby so that the doctor will not have to travel on Shabbat[108], while others are lenient if it will ruin the doctor and his family’s oneg Shabbat. [109]
  2. According to many poskim a doctor who was called into the hospital for an emergency can't drive home afterwards.[110]

Related Pages

  1. Tochen (grinding)
  2. Brushing Teeth on Shabbat

Credits

Halachipedia is very thankful to Rabbi Doniel Neustadt who gave Halachipedia permission to use his valuable article on this topic to improve the Halachipedia page.

Sources

  1. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt). In regard to the muktzah status of pills and other medications see Minchas Shabbos 88:footnote 77, Har Tzvi tal harim tochain 2, Shalmei Yehuda 10:15:footnote 46, Zera Yaakov 13:page 153, Nachlas Yisroel pages 633-650 in depth, Shulchan Shlomo 318:7:2:page 298, Ohr Yisroel 6:pages 17-20, Aruch Ha’shulchan 308:59, Bais Avi 3:52, Avnei Yushfei 5:62.
    • Rashi (Shabbat 53b s.v. Gezerah) explains that there is a rabbinic decree not to do an medical practice on Shabbat because one might come to violate the prohibition of Tochen (grinding) the ingredients for the medicine. Maggid Mishna (Shabbat 2:10) draws a distinction between one is sick but isn't in danger of his life and a person who is pain. Tur and Shulchan Aruch 338:1 rule that a healthy person who is in pain may not do any activity of healing because of the rabbinic decree.
  2. The same halacha applies to the first day of Yom Tov (Refer to Magen Avraham 532:2, Chai Adom 23:1, Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 98:33, Mishna Brurah 532:5, Yom Tov Shenei K’hilchoso 1:22, Nishmas Avraham 1:pages 275-276) and both days of Rosh Hashanah (Nishmas Avraham 1:600:1, see Shemiras Shabbos K’hilchoso 31:28, Yom Tov Shenei K’hilchoso 1:22:footnote 76, Shevet Ha’kehusi 1:156 )
  3. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 34:1,3 and Rav Mordechai Eliyahu's comment on Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 91:1. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt) writes that although contemporary poskim debate whether nowadays we can be more lenient with taking medication on Shabbat because of the change in technique, the general consensus is to reject this argument. See Minchas Shabbat 91:9; Ketzos ha-Shulchan 134:7; Chelkas Yaakov 4:41; and Tzitz Eliezer 8:15:15. See also Rabbi Aryeh Lebowitz on YUTorah.org. The Yalkut Yosef 328:52 writes that a choleh shein bo skana (sick in bed) can take pills. He adds that in general someone who is in a lot of pain but isn't choleh shein bo sakana may not take the pills and only makes two exceptions, for someone who has a big headache and someone who has a big stomach ache.
  4. In Yalkut Yosef (Shabbat v. 4, pp. 408-9) he writes that some say that one may take pain killers on Shabbat because they don't cure but only remove pain, and some disagree. He concludes that one should only be lenient if a person is accustomed to taking such pain killers and if one doesn't take them one will be in pain. On page 143 in discussing the same leniency he specifically mentions pills that contain paracetamol which is the active ingredient in Tylenol, a pain killer.
  5. Mishna Brurah 328:121 permits taking an oral medication without any shinui (alteration from the normal procedure). Yalkut Yosef (Shabbat, vol 4, pg 129) and 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 492) agree with the Mishna Brurah. Mishkenot Yacov O.C. 117 seems to disagree.
    • Halachos of Refuah on Shabbat (Rabbi Bodner, pg 55) and The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt) write that most poskim agree with the Mishna Brurah. See, however, Sh"t Igrot Moshe 3:53, Tzitz Eliezer 8:15:15, and Minchat Yitzchak 1:108, 6:28.
  6. Rabbi Doniel Neustadt on Torah.org. See also Sh"t Tzitz Eliezer 14:50-7 and 17:13.
  7. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 32:2
  8. Eglei Tal (Tochen #18), Rabbi Hershel Schachter in a shiur on yutorah.org (towards end of shiur)
  9. Gemara Yoma 84a, Rambam (Shabbat 2:1), Tur and Shulchan Aruch 328:2
  10. Shulchan Aruch 328:6, Mishna Brurah 328:17, 328:26
  11. Mishna Brurah 328:37
  12. Shulchan Aruch 328:2
  13. Mishna Brurah 328:6
  14. Chazon Ish, O.C. 59:3, Rav S.Z. Auerbach in Nishmas Avraham 328:54, and Rav Y.S. Elyashiv in Eis Laledes, pg. 57, quote the age of 2-3. Tzitz Eliezer 8:15-12 quotes ages of 6. Minchas Yitzchak 1:78 quotes age of 9.
  15. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)
  16. Rama, O.C. 328:17. Note, however, that not all of a baby’s needs are exempt from the prohibition against medication; see, for instance, Mishna Brurah 328:131. See Tehillah l’David 328:24 and Minchas Yitzchak 4:124 who deal with this difficulty
  17. 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 481), Rabbi Aryeh Lebowitz on YUTorah.org
  18. Chazon Ish (oral ruling, quoted in Imrei Yosher on Moed 97, Daat Chazon Ish 7:19, Dinim Vihanhagot Chazon Ish 15:1), Shulchan Shlomo 328:59, Beer Moshe 1:33:8, 4:31, Avnei Yushfei 1:90:3, Rivevos Ephraim 3:227, 4:97:54, 5:202, Oz Nedberu 1:31:5, 4:24. Refer to Shemiras Shabbos K’hilchoso 34:footnote 76, chelek 3:34:footnote 76.
    Rav S. Kluger (Sefer ha-Chayim 328:10 and Shenos Chayim 1:152) go even further and permit continuing taking medicine on Shabbat, even of the patient is not medically required to take the medicine on a daily basis. Minchas Shabbat 91:9; Tzitz Eliezer 8:15-15:15; Rav Y.S. Elyashiv (Koveitz Teshuvos, O.C. 1:40, and oral ruling, quoted in Refuas Yisrael, pg. 14) agree with Rav Kluger.
  19. Igros Moshe, O.C. 3:53. Refer also to Da’as Torah 328:37 who is stringent.
  20. Rav S.Z. Auerbach (Shemiras Shabbat K’hilchasah 34, note 77, in the new edition). Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach held that it was only permitted to take an ongoing medication on Shabbat if skipping a day in middle of continuous medication would cause the patient damage or if the medication must be done for a certain number of days which would automatically include Shabbat. Rav Hershel Schachter (in a shiur on yutorah.org (min 44-48)) explained that the gemara Avoda Zara 28a seems to clearly support the opinion of those who say that one may not take medication on Shabbat even if one began to take the medication before Shabbat. However, he also cited the opinion of the Brit Olam who held that if the only way to take a certain medication was to take it for a number of consecutive days which includes Shabbat, it would be permitted to take the medication on Shabbat.
  21. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 34:3
  22. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 35:30 (in the new edition) writes that a band aid shouldn’t be removed on Shabbat in an area where there’s hair because removing the band aid will certainly pull out hairs. However, the Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata writes that it’s permissible to use a Benzine to remove the band aid so it won’t rip out any hairs that’s assuming the cream was set aside before Shabbat and isn’t Muktzeh. Nonetheless in the footnote he quotes Rav Shlomo Zalman saying that if it’s painful it may be removed because it’s a pesik reisha delo nicha leih (פסיק רישא דלא ניחא ליה), keleacher yad (כלאחר יד), and mekalkel (מקלקל).
  23. The Yalkut Yosef (Shabbat 4 pg 179, kitzur S”A 328:101, 340:6) writes that if there’s a need, it’s permissible to remove a band aid from an area of hair on Shabbat because it’s a pesik reisha delo nicha leih (פסיק רישא דלא ניחא ליה) for a Derabbanan. In the footnote he writes that even though the Or Letzion (vol 2, pg 259) is strict, his father (Rav Ovadyah, in Haskama to Lev Avraham), Rav Yitzchak Elchanan (Bear Yitzchak Siman 15), and Rav Shlomo Zalman (from Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata) are lenient.
  24. Most poskim (oral ruling by Rav M. Feinstein, quoted in Kitzur Hilchos Shabbat 44, note 117); Rav S.Z. Auerbach in Shulchan Shelomo 328:45; Ohr l’Tziyon 2:36-15; Az Nidberu 7:34, 35; Rav C.P. Scheinberg, quoted in Children in Halachah, pg. 88; Rav N. Karelitz, quoted in Orchos Shabbat 11:35) permit removing the protective tabs from a Band-Aid, while others (Minchas Yitzchak 5:39-2; 9:41; Rav Y.S. Elyashiv, quoted in Machazeh Eliyahu 70) are stringent. To satisfy all opinions, one may prepare Band-Aids for Shabbat use by peeling off their protective tabs and re-sealing them before Shabbat; once they have been prepared in this fashion, they may be used on Shabbat (Tzitz Eliezer 16:6-5). Sh”t Bear Moshe 1:36 writes that it is obvious that it is permitted to remove the plastic tabs from the sides of a bandaid on Shabbat and it isn't Koreah.
  25. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)based on Shulchan Aruch 328:23
  26. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)writes that it is permissible to wear braces on Shabbat because the goal of the treatment or procedure can only be achieved without the use of medicine.
  27. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)quoting Shulchan Aruch O.C. 328:28 and Mishna Brurah 328:89
  28. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)
  29. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)
  30. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)
  31. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)
  32. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)
  33. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)Based on ruling of Rav S.Z. Auerbach in Shemiras Shabbat K’hilchasah 34, note 113.
  34. Contemporary Questions in Halacha and Hashkafa pg. 144 writes that this is because it wasn't included in the initial gezeira of refuah since its benefits cannot be duplicated with pills or other standard medicines.
  35. 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 478), Rabbi Doniel Neustadt on Torah.org, See Mishna Brurah 328:141,142
  36. Shemiras Shabbat K’hilchasah 14:35; Shalmei Yehudah, pg. 179, Rabbi Doniel Neustadt on Torah.org
  37. Rabbi Mansour on DailyHalacha.com, Chacham Ovadia Yosef Halacha Yomit
  38. This is the view of Shulchan Aruch ha-Rav 328:19 and Eglei Tal (Tochen 18). Some poskim (Rav S.Z. Auerbach, quoted in Shemiras Shabbat K’hilchasah 33, note 18; Shevet ha-Levi 8:93) rule that one may rely on this view, especially when there is “danger to a limb.” Note, however, that Mishna Brurah, Aruch ha-Shulchan and most poskim do not agree with this leniency.
  39. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)
  40. Rav Schachter (Brachot Shiur 64 min 107)
  41. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)
  42. 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 481), Rabbi Doniel Neustadt on Torah.org, Rav S.Z. Auerbach (Shemiras Shabbat K’hilchasah 34, note 52) write that there is room for leniency in kavod ha-beriyos situations, e.g., a constantly dripping nose which is disturbing to people who are around him.
  43. 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 481), The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)
  44. Rabbi Eli Mansour
  45. Shmirat Shabbat KiHilchata 34:1,3).
  46. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)
  47. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)
  48. Mishna Brurah 326:19, The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)
  49. 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 481)
  50. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)based on S”A 327:1
  51. 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 481), The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)
  52. Chacham Ovadia Yosef, Rav Moshe Stern, and Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach cited on Halacha Yomit
  53. Rabbi Doniel Neustadt on Torah.org, It is prohibited to tear cotton balling on Shabbat; Minchas Yitzchak 4:45; Shemiras Shabbat K’hilchasah 35:20.
  54. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)
  55. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)based on S”A O.C. 328:20
  56. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)based on S”A O.C. 306:7
  57. Mishna Brurah 328:46, 47
  58. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)See Ketzos ha-Shulchan 138, pg. 100; Minchas Yitzchak 3:35; Be’er Moshe 1:33; 2:32.
  59. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)See Ketzos ha-Shulchan 138, pg. 98; Tzitz Eliezer 8:15 (15-21); Az Nidberu 1:31; Shemiras Shabbat K’hilchasah 34:4
  60. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)
  61. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)
  62. 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 477)
  63. 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 481)
  64. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)
  65. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt). See Refuas Yisrael, pg. 245.
  66. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)
  67. see Beer Moshe 1:34:7page 78 is lenient as is Rivevot Ephraim 2:115:23:page 192, 3:536:6, 4:97:5, 6:195, Nishmas Shabbos 5:318, Cheshev Ha’efod 2:59
  68. Mishna Brurah 328:146
  69. Yeshiva.org based on Rav Dov Lior in his book Dvar Chevron Siman 236 pg. 125
  70. Shemiras Shabbat K’hilchasah 34:29
  71. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)based on S”A O.C. 328:22 and Mishna Brurah 90.
  72. Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach and Chacham Ovadia Yosef are lenient See Minchas Yitzchak 3:21, Tzitz Eliezer 9:17, Be’er Moshe 1:33 and Shalmei Yehudah, pg. 176, for the various views.
  73. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)quoting Rav S.Z. Auerbach (Shemiras Shabbat K’hilchasah 14:45); Shraga ha-Meir 5:23. Rav Y.S. Elyashiv, however, recommends not using pliable ear plugs on Shabbat; see Ashrei ha-Ish 17:117; 33:7
  74. S”A 328:32
  75. S”A 328:37
  76. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)quoting Mishna Brurah 328:88 and Sha’ar ha-Tziyun 63. 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 478) writes one may remove a splinter even if it may bleed, but one may not remove if it will certainly bleed unless it is very painful.
  77. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)
  78. Minchas Shelomo 2:34-33 and Nishmas Avraham, vol. 4, O.C. 340. See also Shemiras Shabbat K’hilchasah 33, note 26, and 35, note 65-66.
  79. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt). See [1].
  80. Rabbi Doniel Neustadt on Torah.org, Mishna Brurah 328:147
  81. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)
  82. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)
  83. Shemiras Shabbat K’hilchasah 34:12
  84. Mishna Brurah 328:144
  85. Tzitz Eliezer 8:15 (15-12)
  86. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)writes in order to avoid sechitah and/or libun, only paper towels or napkins should be used and care should be taken not to squeeze them.
  87. Be’er Moshe 1:33-18, Contemporary Questions in Halacha and Hashkafa pg. 144, Rabbi Meyer Yedid. Rabbi Yedid says that this is because the refuah cannot be replicated through medicines and therefore wasn't included in the rabbinic enactment against refuah. see also Shemiras Shabbat K’hilchasah 35:35
  88. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)based on S”A O.C. 328:32. See also Mishna Brurah 328:102
  89. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)based on Rama, O.C. 328:3. See Tzitz Eliezer 9:17 (2-11)
  90. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)
  91. Refer to Minchas Yitzchok 8:18, Shevet Ha’kehusi 1:109, Nishmas Shabbos 2:9.
  92. Refer to Shemiras Shabbos K’hilchoso 40:7, Tzitz Eliezer 13:34.
  93. Shemiras Shabbos K’hilchoso 33:4, Shulchan Shlomo 314:13:3, Avnei Yushfei 4:58 quoting the opinion of Harav Elyashiv Shlita. Refer to there footnote 30 for the reason.
  94. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)
  95. Nishmas Avraham 1:340:5:page 245.
  96. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 34:4 based on Shulchan Aruch 328:37, Aruch Hashulchan 328:48. Refer to Mishna Brurah 328:117-118. See Ketzos Ha’shulchan 134:16:pages 31-32 in depth on what constitutes a health persons food.
  97. Rabbi Doniel Neustadt on Torah.org, 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 477)
  98. Minchas Yitzchok 3:35:2, Be’er Moshe 1:33:5, 2:32, 6:39, Shraga Hameir 2:40, Refuas Yisroel page 16:footnote 42. Refer to Divrei Chachumim pages 137-138:389 who quotes a lenient opinion.
  99. Minchas Yitzchok 3:35:2, Be’er Moshe 1:33:5, Refuas Yisroel page 16:footnote 42.
  100. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt)
  101. The Weekly Halachah Discussion (Rabbi Doniel Neustadt) references Igros Moshe, O.C. 3:54, Minchas Shelomo 2:37 and Shemiras Shabbat K’hilchasah 34, note 86, quoting Rav S.Z. Auerbach. See, however, Tzitz Eliezer 14:50, who takes a more lenient approach concerning vitamins on Shabbat.
  102. Opinion of Harav Yaakov Kamenetsky zt”l quoted in Divrei Chachumim page 137:footnote 389, Shemiras Shabbos K’hilchoso 34:footnote 85. In regard to regular vitamins see Divrei Chachumim pages 137-138, Igros Moshe O.C. 3:54, Nishmas Avraham 1:328:pages 212-213, Shulchan Shlomo 328:58, Tzitz Eliezer 14:50, Oz Nedberu 6:72, Be’er Moshe 1:33, Shalmei Yehuda 10:footnote 51.
  103. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 32:33 based on the idea of Baal HaMoer quoted in S”A 248:4. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata (chap 32 note 99) quotes Rav Shlomo Zalman who says that if an expert doctor who is needed for this surgery is only available on Wednesday through Friday it is permissible to schedule the surgery then. For background of this topic see here.
  104. Yalkut Yosef (Shabbat, vol 1, pg 60)
  105. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata (chap 32, note 98 (note 100, in new one)).For background of this topic see here.
  106. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 36:4 based on the principle of the Baal HaMoer. For background of this topic see here.
  107. Sh”t Igrot Moshe 1:131 and Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 30:26
  108. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata (chap 40 note 71) in name of Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach explaining that since there is a mitzvah of oneg Shabbat one is not obligated to leave one’s home on Friday in order to avoid violation of Shabbat. For background of this topic see here.
  109. Even though Igrot Moshe OC 4:80 was lenient, Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach in Minchat Shlomo 1:8 was strict. Rav Ovadia Yosef in Chazon Ovadia v. 3 p. 253 is strict. Tzitz Eliezer 21:59 writes that someone who relies on Rav Moshe has what to rely upon.