From Halachipedia
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  1. The melacha of Menapaitz is violated when combing hairs to prepare them for weaving.[1] The minimum measure to be obligated for violating Menapaitz is 4 tefachim. [2]

Practical Applications

  1. One may be lenient to comb a shaitel (wig) with a soft bristle brush. [3]


  1. Mishna 73a, Rashi s.v. HaMenapso
  2. Rambam Shabbos 9:12 based on the Mishna (Shabbos 105b)
  3. Shemirat Shabbos Kehilchata 14:52, see also Nishmat Shabbat
    Rabbi Ribiat (v. 3 p. 735) quotes a long discussion beginning with the gemara and continuing into the rishonim and achronim about combing one’s hair on Shabbos. The entire discussion revolves around the melacha of gozez, detaching hair, and not about the actual combing. Why is menapaitz not violated when combing one’s hair? The Avnei Nezer (O.C. 170-1) has two suggestions. First, menapaitz might only be violated when combing wool that is detached from its natural source; however, combing hair that is still attached to the living being is not similar to how combing was done in the mishkan. Alternatively, combing is only a violation of menapaitz when it is done to prepare for weaving. Combing hair that is attached to the body is clearly not a preparation for weaving and as such does not violate menapaitz. A practical application of these two suggestions is combing a shaitel. According to the first explanation, there is a question of menapaitz since, after all, the hair of the shaitel is detached from its natural source. Yet, according to the second approach, weaving is not relevant to shaitel hair, as such hair is not fit to be used for weaving.
Category Topic
Mitzvot of Shabbat
Kiddush Levana - Enjoying Shabbat - Fourth meal of Shabbat - Havdalah - Having a meal on Friday - In the Spirit of Shabbat - Kiddush - Lighting Shabbat Candles - Making Early Shabbat - Making one hundred Brachot on Shabbat - Preparing foods on Shabbat - Preparing for Shabbat - Shenayim Mikrah - Kavod Shabbat - Shabbos Davening - Seudat Shabbat - Seudat Shelishit - Lechem Mishneh - Motzei Shabbat - When Does Shabbat Start?
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Allowing Carrying Using an Eruv Chatzerot - Animals on Shabbat - Asking a Jew to work on Shabbat - Asking a non-Jew to work on Shabbat (Amirah LeNochri) - Benefiting from a Violation of Shabbat (Maaseh Shabbat) - Books, notebooks, and papers - Brushing Teeth on Shabbat - Building a structure on Shabbat (Boneh) - Carrying on Shabbat - Cleaning the dishes - Cleaning and Folding Garments on Shabbat - Clearing the table - Cooking (Ofeh and Bishul) - Cosmetics on Shabbat - Dancing and clapping on Shabbat - Electricity on Shabbat - Eruv Chatzerot - Eruvin - Games on Shabbat - Getting dressed on Shabbat - Giving birth on Shabbat - Grinding (Tochen) - Handling objects on Shabbat (Muktzeh) - Infants on Shabbat - Introduction to the Modern Eruv - Kneading (Lash) - Mail on Shabbat - Medicine on Shabbat (Refuah on Shabbat) - Melacha That Begins Before Shabbat - Opening bottles and containers (Boneh) - Plants on Shabbat (Zoreah) - Preparing for after Shabbat (Hachana) - Reading on Shabbat (Daber Davar) - Recreation on Shabbat - Sechirut Reshut - Separating mixtures (Borer) - Squeezing fruits (Sechita) - Speaking on Shabbat (Daber Davar) - Taking a cruise over Shabbat - Taking measurements on Shabbat - Techum - Transactions on Shabbat - Transportation on Shabbat - Going to and Staying in the Hospital on Shabbat - Wages on Shabbat (Sachar Shabbat) - Washing one’s body on Shabbat
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